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Protaktinium

unsur kimia bernomor atom 91

Protaktinium adalah suatu unsur kimia dalam tabel periodik yang memiliki lambang Pa dan nomor atom 91.

Protaktinium,  91Pa
Protactinium.jpg
Sifat umum
Nama, simbolprotaktinium, Pa
Pengucapan/ˌprtækˈtɪniəm/
PROH-tak-TIN-ee-əm
Penampilansilver metalik terang
Protaktinium di tabel periodik
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Litium (alkali metal)
Berilium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Karbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oksigen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluor (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Natrium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silikon (metalloid)
Fosfor (polyatomic nonmetal)
Belerang (polyatomic nonmetal)
Klor (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Kalium (alkali metal)
Kalsium (alkaline earth metal)
Skandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Kromium (transition metal)
Mangan (transition metal)
Besi (transition metal)
Kobalt (transition metal)
Nikel (transition metal)
Tembaga (transition metal)
Seng (transition metal)
Galium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenik (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromin (diatomic nonmetal)
Kripton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Stronsium (alkaline earth metal)
Itrium (transition metal)
Zirkonium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molibdenum (transition metal)
Teknesium (transition metal)
Rutenium (transition metal)
Rodium (transition metal)
Paladium (transition metal)
Perak (transition metal)
Kadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Timah (post-transition metal)
Antimon (metalloid)
Telurium (metalloid)
Yodium (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Sesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lantanum (lanthanide)
Serium (lanthanide)
Praseodimium (lanthanide)
Neodimium (lanthanide)
Prometium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Disprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Tulium (lanthanide)
Iterbium (lanthanide)
Lutesium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Renium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Emas (transition metal)
Raksa (transition metal)
Talium (post-transition metal)
Timbal (post-transition metal)
Bismut (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatin (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Fransium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Aktinium (actinide)
Torium (actinide)
Protaktinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Amerisium (actinide)
Kurium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Kalifornium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrensium (actinide)
Ruterfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hasium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Kopernisium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Moskovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tenesin (unknown chemical properties)
Oganeson (unknown chemical properties)
Pr

Pa

(Uqu)
toriumprotaktiniumuranium
Nomor atom (Z)91
Golongan, blokn/a, blok-f
Periodeperiode 7
Kategori unsur  aktinida
Bobot atom standar (Ar)231.03588
Konfigurasi elektron[Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
per kelopak
2, 8, 18, 32, 20, 9, 2
Sifat fisika
Fasesolid
Titik lebur1841 K ​(1568 °C, ​2854 °F)
Titik didih? 4300 K ​(? 4027 °C, ​? 7280 °F)
Kepadatan mendekati s.k.15.37 g/cm3
Kalor peleburan12.34 kJ/mol
Kalor penguapan481 kJ/mol
Sifat atom
Bilangan oksidasi2, 3, 4, 5
(oksida basa lemah)
ElektronegativitasSkala Pauling: 1.5
Jari-jari atomempiris: 163 pm
Jari-jari kovalen200 pm
Lain-lain
Struktur kristaltetragon[1]
Struktur kristal Tetragonal untuk protaktinium
Konduktivitas termal47 W/(m·K)
Resistivitas listrik177 n Ω·m (suhu 0 °C)
Arah magnetparamagnetik[2]
Nomor CAS7440-13-3
Isotop protaktinium terstabil
Iso­top Kelim­pahan Waktu paruh (t1/2) Moda peluruhan Pro­duk
229Pa syn 1.4 d α 225Ac
230Pa syn 17.4 d ε 230Th
β 230U
231Pa ~100% 32760 y α 227Ac
232Pa syn 1.31 d β 232U
233Pa syn 26.967 d β 233U
234mPa trace 1.17 min β 234U
IT 234Pa
234Pa trace 6.75 h β 234U
| referensi | di Wikidata

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Donohue, J. (1959). "On the crystal structure of protactinium metal". Acta Crystallographica. 12 (9): 697. doi:10.1107/S0365110X59002031. 
  2. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.

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