Templat:Kotak info iodin

Iodin,  53I
Iod kristall.jpg
Sifat umum
Nama, simboliodin, I
Pengucapan/ˈ.[invalid input: 'ɵ']dn/ EYE-o-dyne,
/ˈ.[invalid input: 'ɵ']d[invalid input: 'ɨ']n/ EYE-o-dən,
or /ˈ.[invalid input: 'ɵ']dn/ EYE-o-deen
Penampilanabu-abu metalik, ungu saat menjadi gas
Iodin di tabel periodik
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Litium (alkali metal)
Berilium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Karbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oksigen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluor (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Natrium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silikon (metalloid)
Fosfor (polyatomic nonmetal)
Belerang (polyatomic nonmetal)
Klor (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Kalium (alkali metal)
Kalsium (alkaline earth metal)
Skandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Kromium (transition metal)
Mangan (transition metal)
Besi (transition metal)
Kobalt (transition metal)
Nikel (transition metal)
Tembaga (transition metal)
Seng (transition metal)
Galium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenik (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromin (diatomic nonmetal)
Kripton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Stronsium (alkaline earth metal)
Itrium (transition metal)
Zirkonium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molibdenum (transition metal)
Teknesium (transition metal)
Rutenium (transition metal)
Rodium (transition metal)
Paladium (transition metal)
Perak (transition metal)
Kadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Timah (post-transition metal)
Antimon (metalloid)
Telurium (metalloid)
Yodium (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Sesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lantanum (lanthanide)
Serium (lanthanide)
Praseodimium (lanthanide)
Neodimium (lanthanide)
Prometium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Disprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Tulium (lanthanide)
Iterbium (lanthanide)
Lutesium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Renium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Emas (transition metal)
Raksa (transition metal)
Talium (post-transition metal)
Timbal (post-transition metal)
Bismut (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatin (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Fransium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Aktinium (actinide)
Torium (actinide)
Protaktinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Amerisium (actinide)
Kurium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Kalifornium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrensium (actinide)
Ruterfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hasium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Kopernisium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Moskovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tenesin (unknown chemical properties)
Oganeson (unknown chemical properties)
Br

I

At
teluriumiodinxenon
Nomor atom (Z)53
Golongan, blokgolongan 17 (halogen), blok-p
Periodeperiode 5
Kategori unsur  halogen
Bobot atom standar (Ar)126.90447
Konfigurasi elektron[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
per kelopak
2, 8, 18, 18, 7
Sifat fisika
Fasesolid
Titik lebur386.85 K ​(113.7 °C, ​236.66 °F)
Titik didih457.4 K ​(184.3 °C, ​363.7 °F)
Kepadatan mendekati s.k.4.933 g/cm3
Titik tripel386.65 K, ​12.1 kPa
Titik kritis819 K, 11.7 MPa
Kalor peleburan(I2) 15.52 kJ/mol
Kalor penguapan(I2) 41.57 kJ/mol
Kapasitas kalor molar(I2) 54.44 J/(mol·K)
Tekanan uap (rhombic)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 260 282 309 342 381 457
Sifat atom
Bilangan oksidasi7, 5, 3, 1, -1
(oksida asam kuat)
ElektronegativitasSkala Pauling: 2.66
Jari-jari atomempiris: 140 pm
Jari-jari kovalen139±3 pm
Jari-jari van der Waals198 pm
Lain-lain
Struktur kristalortorombus
Struktur kristal Ortorombik untuk iodin
Konduktivitas termal0.449 W/(m·K)
Resistivitas listrik1.3×107 Ω·m (suhu 0 °C)
Arah magnetdiamagnetik[1]
Modulus Bulk7.7 GPa
Nomor CAS7553-56-2
Isotop iodin terstabil
Iso­top Kelim­pahan Waktu paruh (t1/2) Moda peluruhan Pro­duk
123I syn 13 jam ε, γ 123Te
127I 100% 127I stabil dengan 74 neutron
129I sisa 15.7×106 thn β 129Xe
131I syn 8.02070 hr β, γ 131Xe
| referensi | di Wikidata

Referensi

  1. ^ Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.