Buddhisme pra-sektarian,[1] juga disebut Buddhime awal,[2][3] Buddhisme terawal,[4][5] dan Buddhisme asli,[6] adalah Buddhisme yang diyakini telah ada sebelum timbul berbagai mazhab Buddha.[web 1]

Kandungan dan ajaran Buddhisme pra-sektarian harus disimpulkan atau direkonstruksi pada teks-teks Buddhis terawal, yang karya itu sendiri dibuat lewat sektarian.[quote 1][quote 2][note 1]

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Warder

KutipanSunting

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Hurvitz
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Jong

ReferensiSunting

SumberSunting

Sumber cetakSunting

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  • Anderson, Carol (1999), Pain and Its Ending: The Four Noble Truths in the Theravada Buddhist Canon, Routledge 
  • Batchelor, Stephen (2012), "A Secular Buddhism", Journal of Global Buddhism, 13: 87–107 
  • Bronkhorst, Johannes (1993), The Two Traditions Of Meditation In Ancient India, Motilal Banarsidass Publ. 
  • Bronkhorst, Johannes (1998), "Did the Buddha Believe in Karma and Rebirth?", Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, 21 (1) 
  • Bucknell, Rod (1984), "The Buddhist to Liberation: An Analysis of the Listing of Stages", The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, 7 (2) 
  • Bucknell, Roderick S. (1999), "Conditioned Arising Evolves: Variation and Change in Textual Accounts of the Paticca-samupadda Doctrine", Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, 22 (2) 
  • Buswell, Robert E. (2004), Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Macmillan 
  • Carr, Brian; Mahalingam, Indira (1997), Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy, London; New York: Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-03535-4 
  • Conze, Edward (1967), Thirty years of Buddhis Studies. Selected essays by Edward Conze (PDF), Bruno Cassirer 
  • Conze, Edward (2008), Buddhism. A Short History, Oneworld 
  • Cousins, L. S. (1996), "The dating of the historical Buddha: a review article", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, 6 (1): 57–63, doi:10.1017/S1356186300014760 
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  • Gombrich, Richard (2009), "Chaper 9. Causation and non-random process", What the Buddha Thought, Equinox 
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  • Harvey, Peter (2015), "The Conditioned Co-arising of Mental and Bodily Processes within Life and Between Lives", dalam Emmanuel, Steven M., A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-1-119-14466-3 
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Sumber webSunting

Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> dengan nama "VajiraStory" yang didefinisikan di <references> tidak digunakan pada teks sebelumnya.

Bacaan tambahanSunting

Sejarah Buddhisme (umum)
  • Bronkhorst, Johannes (1993), The Two Traditions Of Meditation In Ancient India, Motilal Banarsidass Publ. 
  • Gombrich, Richard F. (1997), How Buddhism Began, Munshiram Manoharlal 
  • Norman, K.R. (1997), A Philological Approach to Buddhism. The Bukkyo Dendo Kyokai Lectures 1994 (PDF), School ofOriental and African Studies (University of London) 
  • Samuel, Geoffrey (2010), The Origins of Yoga and Tantra. Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century, Cambridge University Press 
Buddhisme awal
  • Schmithausen, Lambert (1981), On some Aspects of Descriptions or Theories of 'Liberating Insight' and 'Enlightenment' in Early Buddhism". In: Studien zum Jainismus und Buddhismus (Gedenkschrift für Ludwig Alsdorf), hrsg. von Klaus Bruhn und Albrecht Wezler, Wiesbaden 1981, 199-250 
  • Vetter, Tilmann (1988), The Ideas and Meditative Practices of Early Buddhism, BRILL 
  • Wynne, Alexander (2007), The Origin of Buddhist Meditation, Routledge 

Pranala luarSunting