Islam menurut negara

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Islam menurut negara

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Pengikut agama Islam merupakan kelompok keagamaan terbesar kedua di dunia. Menurut sebuah penelitian pada tahun 2019, Islam memiliki 2,2 miliar penganut, yang membentuk sekitar 18% populasi dunia.[1] Sebagian besar Muslim adalah salah satu dari dua jenis: Sunni (80-90%, sekitar 1,8 miliar orang) [2] atau Syiah (10-20%, sekitar 170-340 juta orang).[3] Islam adalah agama yang dominan di Asia Tengah, Timur Tengah, Afrika Utara, Sahel [4][5][6][7] dan beberapa bagian lain di Asia.[8]

Persentase populasi Muslim dunia (Pew Research Center tahun 2014).

Sekitar 31% dari semua Muslim berasal dari Asia Selatan (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan dan India).[9][10] Sub-benua India secara keseluruhan, oleh karena itu, menjadi tuan rumah populasi Muslim terbesar di dunia, [11] Di wilayah ini, bagaimanapun, Muslim berada di urutan kedua dalam jumlah Hindu, karena Muslim adalah mayoritas di Pakistan dan Bangladesh, tapi bukan India.

Negara dengan populasi Muslim terbesar adalah Indonesia di Asia Tenggara, yang memiliki host sendiri 13% dari jumlah Muslim dunia.[12] Bersama-sama, orang-orang Muslim di negara-negara kepulauan Melayu (yang mencakup Brunei, Singapura, Malaysia, Indonesia, Filipina dan Timor Lorosa'e) merupakan populasi Muslim terbesar kedua atau ketiga di dunia. Di sini Muslim adalah mayoritas di setiap negara selain Filipina dan Timor Timur.

Berbagai negara Hamito-Semit (termasuk Arab, Berber), Turki, dan Iran di wilayah Timur Tengah-Afrika Utara (MENA) yang lebih besar, [13] di mana Islam adalah agama yang dominan di semua negara selain Israel, [5] host 23% Muslim dunia

Sekitar 15% Muslim tinggal di Afrika Sub-Sahara,[14][6][15] dan komunitas Muslim yang cukup besar juga ditemukan di Amerika, Kaukasus, China, Eropa, Tanduk Afrika, Daratan Asia Tenggara, Filipina, Rusia dan Swahili pantai.

Eropa Barat menjadi tuan rumah komunitas imigran Muslim yang besar dimana Islam adalah agama terbesar kedua setelah agama Kristen, di mana ia mewakili 6% dari total populasi atau 24 juta orang.[16] Komunitas pengubah dan imigran ditemukan di hampir setiap bagian dunia.

Menurut NegaraSunting

Negara/Wilayah Jumlah Muslim Persentase (%) dari total penduduk Persentase (%) dari total populasi muslim dunia
  Afganistan 36.047.100 99.8 1.8
  Albania 2,879,172 82.8[17] 0.1
  Aljazair 44,400,000 98.2[18]–99[19] 2.7
  American Samoa 400 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Andorra 766 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Angola 109,000 0.4 < 0.1
  Anguilla 79 0.3 < 0.1
  Antigua and Barbuda 378 0.6 < 0.1
  Argentina 400.000 - 784.000 0.9-2.5 < 0.1
  Armenia 40,049 1 < 0.1
  Aruba 1,146 0.4 < 0.1
  Australia 704,291[20] 2.6[20] < 0.1
  Austria 709,876[21] 9 [21] < 0.1
  Azerbaijan 11,034,793 99.8 0.5
  Bahamas 1,351 0.1 0.4
  Bahrain 1,426,888[22] 84.1[22] < 0.1
  Bangladesh 157,326,000 90.3[23] 9.2
  Barbados 5,243 2.6 < 0.1
  Belarus 2,831 0.04 < 0.1
  Belgium 930,054 9.2[24] < 0.1
  Belize 3,974 1.1 < 0.1
  Benin 3,858,212 30.3 0.1
  Bermuda 809 2 < 0.1
  Bhutan ≤ 7,242[25] 0.8[25] < 0.1
  Bolivia 16,346 0.12 < 0.1
  Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,834,076 55[26] 0.1
  Botswana 98,388 3.8 < 0.1
  Brazil 35.000-204.000 0.02%-0.1% < 0.1
  British Virgdi Islands 481 1.2 < 0.1
  Brunei 348,753 70.9[27] < 0.1
  Bulgaria 777,000[28] 12.8% < 0.1
  Burkina Faso 14,961,660 66[29] 0.6
  Burma (Myanmar) 10,345,496 18.7[30] 0.1
  Burundi 1,315,367 9.2 < 0.1
  Cambodia 846,000 4.8 < 0.1
  Cameroon 7,180,000 27.3[31] 0.2
  Canada 3,138,397[32] 8.9[33]-3.2[32] 0.1
  Cape Verde 35,000 2[19] < 0.1
  Cayman Islands 103 0.2 < 0.1
  Central African Republic 729,943 15[34][35] < 0.1
  Chad 10,630,779 60.8[19] 0.4
  Chile 10,322[36] 0.05(over 15+ pop.)[36] < 0.1
  China 20,095,870 - 50.000.000[37]-[38] 1.5%-3% 3
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands 1,192[39] 86[39] < 0.1
  Colombia 100,000 to 113,000[40] 0.3 < 0.1
  Comoros 1,015,190 99 < 0.1
  Congo 12,105,256 13.5[19] 0.1
  Cook Islands 704 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Costa Rica 1,189 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Croatia 85,200 2[24] < 0.1
  Cuba 22,697 0.2 < 0.1
  Cyprus 720,624 49.1 < 0.1
  Czech Republic 16,500 < 0.16 < 0.1
  Denmark 362,758 6.1[24] < 0.1
  Djibouti 1,028,967 97.0 0.1
  Dominica 728 0.2 < 0.1
  Dominican Republic 3,094 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Ecuador 3,621 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Egypt 104,492,333 95.6[41] 4.9
  El Salvador 108,800 2.1 <0.1
  Equatorial Guinea 70,242 4.1 < 0.1
  Eritrea 4,263,112 61.2[42]-48[43]/50 0.1
  Estonia 3,877 0.3 < 0.1
  Ethiopia 42,232,666[44] 38.2 16
  Faroe Islands 7,100 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Falkland Islands 29 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Federated States of Micronesia 322 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Fiji 160,000 16 <0.1
  Finland 77,539 1.2 <0.1
  France 8,122,614 12[24] 0.3
  French Guiana 2,732 0.9 <0.1
  French Polynesia 3,132 1.1 <0.1
  Gabon 284,000 13.2 <0.1
  Gambia 2,297,896 95.7 0.1
  Georgia 1,164,074 29 <0.1
  Germany 5,900,000[45]-5,928,865[46] 7[45] - 7.1[46] 0.2
  Ghana 5,392,104 18.3[19] 0.2
  Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 <0.1
  Greece 1,243,790 11[24] <0.1
  Greenland < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
  Grenada 717 0.3 <0.1
  Guadeloupe 2,723 0.6 <0.1
  Guam 677 <0.1 <0.1
  Guatemala 1,382 <0.1 <0.1
  Guinea 12,066,214 86.3 0.5
  Guinea Bissau 1,053,545 51[47] <0.1
  Guyana 109,000 13.5 <0.1
  Haiti 3,162 <0.1 <0.1
  Honduras 12,618 0.1 <0.1
  Hong Kong 243,000[48] 3.2 <0.1
  Hungary 11,704[49] 0.6 <0.1
  Iceland 1,494[50] 0.4[50] <0.1
  India 224,000,000 15.6[51] 9.6
  Indonesia 242,847,000 88.2[52] 13
  Iran 83,530,214 99.7 4.6
  Iraq 41,555,734 98.2 1.9
  Ireland 85,803 1.2[24] <0.1
  Isle of Man 256 0.2 <0.1
  Israel 2,321,137 26.3 0.1
  Italy 2,434,674 4[24] 0.1
  Ivory Coast 11,470,166 43.3[53][54][55] 0.5
  Jamaica 6,054 0.2 <0.1
  Japan 397,000 0.3 <0.1
  Jordan 9,570,414 95.7 0.4
  Kazakhstan 13,957,497 72 (official census)[56] 0.5
  Kenya 5,824,443 10.8[57] 0.2
  Kiribati 107 <0.1 <0.1
  Kosovo 2,067,659[58] 97.1 0.1
  Kuwait 3,816,047 86.7[59] 0.2
  Kyrgyzstan 7,044,412 91 0.3
  Laos 378,023 6 <0.1
  Latvia 6,373 0.3 <0.1
  Lebanon 4,830,503 69 0.2
  Lesotho 8,000 0.32 <0.1
  Liberia 1,007,000 26 <0.1
  Libya 6,642,947 98.6 0.4
  Liechtenstein 2,176 5 <0.1
  Lithuania 6,130 0.2 <0.1
  Luxembourg 11,000 2.3 <0.1
  Macau 7,844 1.1 <0.1
  Macedonia 990,000 41.25[60] <0.1
  Madagascar 3,116,787 11[61] <0.1
  Malawi 3,375,504 16.8 0.1
  Malaysia 24,541,892 67 1.1
  Maldives 514,143 100 <0.1
  Mali 19,731,663 96.8[19] 0.8
  Malta 18,355 3.6 <0.1
  Marshall Islands 82 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Martinique 1,310 0.3 < 0.1
  Mauritania 5,008,334 100[62] 0.2
  Mauritius 257,313 19.2[63] < 0.1
  Mayotte 301,150 99 < 0.1
  Mexico 263,210[64] - 111,000[18] 0.2 < 0.1
  Moldova 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
  Monaco 234 0.5 < 0.1
  Mongolia 419,745 13 < 0.1
  Montenegro 196,940[65] 32.2%[65] < 0.1
  Montserrat 78 0.1 < 0.1
  Morocco 37,184,708 99.9[66] 2.0
  Mozambique 8,232,873 24.6 0.3
  Namibia 36,013 1.2 < 0.1
  Nauru 13 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Nepal 1,785,893 5.8 0.1
  Netherlands 1,200,000/1,270,539 5[67] - 9[24] 0.1
  Netherlands Antilles 13,508 6 < 0.1
  New Caledonia 31,050 10.6 < 0.1
  New Zealand 100,019 1.96 < 0.1
  Nicaragua 1,553 <0.1 < 0.1
  Niger 24,905,801 99.4[68] 1.0
  Nigeria 111,952,690 52[69]-52[70] 4.7
  Niue 11 < 0.1 < 0.1
  North Korea 29,000 1 < 0.1
  Northern Mariana Islands 300 0.7 < 0.1
  Norway 182,545[71] 3.4 < 0.1
  Oman 4,823,611 88%[72] 0.2
  Pakistan 220,893,858 98.3 11.0
  Palau 2,837 15 < 0.1
  Palestinian Territories 6,032,003 96.2 0.3
  Panama 235,531 5.4 < 0.1
  Papua New Guinea 271,357 3 < 0.1
  Paraguay 1,458 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Peru < 1,855 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Philippines 17,769,642[73][74] 14.1[73] 0.7
  Poland 35,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Portugal 83,914 0.8 < 0.1
  Puerto Rico 5,391 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Qatar 2,266,439 72 0.1
  Republic of Congo 801,754 16 < 0.1
  Reunion 42,998 5 < 0.1
  Romania 100,222 0.5 < 0.1
  Russia 51,393,558ref name="ArenaAtlas"/> - 52,000,000[75] 33.9[76] - 34[77] 1.0
  Rwanda 820,055 6.2[78] < 0.1
  St. Helena 31 < 0.1 < 0.1
  St. Kitts and Nevis 184 0.3 < 0.1
  St. Lucia 350 0.1 < 0.1
  St. Pierre and Miquelon < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1,944 1.7 < 0.1
  Samoa 31 < 0.1 < 0.1
  San Marino 277 < 0.1 < 0.1
  São Tomé and Príncipe 8,255 4.1 < 0.1
  Saudi Arabia 35,059,311 100 1.6
  Senegal 16,677,525 96.2 0.8
  Serbia 339,365 4.9 < 0.1
  Seychelles 2,269 2.3 < 0.1
  Sierra Leone 6,775,736 81.2 0.3
  Singapore 1,578,867 18.8[79] < 0.1
  Slovakia 16,184 0.2[24] < 0.1
  Slovenia 73,568 3.6[24] < 0.1
  Solomon Islands 274,748 13.4 < 0.1
  Somalia 20,044,289 99.9[80][81][82][83] 0.6
  South Africa 1,239,008[84] 2 < 0.1
  South Korea 440,000 0.85 < 0.1
  South Sudan 959,428 7% <0.1
  Spain 2,000,000 4.25[85] 0.1
  Sri Lanka 3,241,745[86] 13.2[86] 0.1
  Sudan 42,959,118 96.3[87] 1.9
  Suriname 157,577 26.2[88] < 0.1
  Swaziland 129,230 10[89] < 0.1
  Sweden 982,787[90] 9.7[90] < 0.1
  Switzerland 545,786[91] 7[91] < 0.1
  Syria 17,338,577 95%[92] 1.0
  Taiwan 401,302[93] 1.8[94] < 0.1
  Tajikistan 11,503,573 98.6%[95][96] 0.4
  Tanzania 23,216,038 36[97] 0.8
  Thailand 5,356,137 7.6 0.2
  Timor-Leste 83,833 6 < 0.1
  Togo 1,475,641 17[98] 0.1
  Tokelau 12 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Tonga 1,071 1 < 0.1
  Trinidad and Tobago 204.201 14.3 < 0.1
  Tunisia 12,491,596 99.8 0.6
  Turkey 84,416,284 99 4.6
  Turkmenistan 6,387,555 94.8 0.3
  Turks and Caicos Islands 904 3 < 0.1
  Tuvalu 18 0.1 < 0.1
  Uganda 7,324,093 14.6 0.3
  Ukraine 1,682,224[99] 4.1 < 0.1
  United Arab Emirates 7,825,840 78.3%[100] 0.2
  United Kingdom 3,410,208 5[24] 0.2
  United States 3,714,192 1.12 0.2
Templat:Country data United States Virgdi Islands U.S. Virgdi Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
  Uruguay 681 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Uzbekistan 36,098,263 99 1.7
  Vanuatu 805 0.3 < 0.1
  Vatican City 0 0 0
  Venezuela 109,706 0.38 < 0.1
  Vietnam 206,910[101] 0.18 < 0.1
  Wallis and Futuna 10 < 0.1 < 0.1
  Western Sahara 626,357 99.9 < 0.1
  Yemen 37,000,000 99.9 1.5
  Zambia 206,000 1[19] 1.1
  Zimbabwe 488,656 3[19] 3
Asia Tengah 190,353,442[102] 80.0 3.0
Asia Selatan 652,944,814[103] 31.4[104][105] 30.6[106][107]
Asia Tenggara &Oceania 369,861,476[108][109] 12.0 15.0
Timur Tengah - Afrika Utara 446,986,337[110] 91.2 22.9
Afrika Sub-Sahara 539,991,071 29.6 15.0
Eropa 47,070,120 6.0 2.7
Amerika 9,644,601 0.6 0.3
Total Dunia 2,256,851,861[111] 27.7 100.0

Lihat pulaSunting

Organisasi Konferensi Islam

CatatanSunting

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  2. ^
  3. ^ See
    • "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Diakses tanggal 25 August 2010. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide. 
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Diakses tanggal 24 September 2013. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population. 
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Diakses tanggal 5 December 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide... 
    • "Religions". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Diakses tanggal 25 August 2010. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide... 
    • Iran, Israel and the United States "The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population; the other 10-20 percent is Shia." (reference: CIA)
    • Sue Hellett; U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran "Let me review, while Shia Islam makes up only 10-20 percent of the world's Muslim population, Iraq has a Shia majority (between 60-80 percent), but had a Sunni controlled government under Saddam Hussein and cronies from 1958-2003... (If you like government figures, see the CIA World Factbook.)"
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  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
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  14. ^ (Miller 2009)
  15. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
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