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Benua Amerika

Salah satu benua terbesar di dunia

Benua Amerika adalah sebuah benua di dunia yang merujuk kepada wilayah daratan di antara Samudra Pasifik dan Samudra Atlantik. Benua Amerika adalah benua terbesar ke 2 di dunia setelah Benua Asia .Luas wilayahnya ± 42.292.000 Km². Benua ini umumnya dibagi menjadi 3 yaitu Amerika Utara, Amerika Tengah, dan Amerika Selatan. Istilah ini juga merujuk kepada wilayah Karibia, pulau-pulau sekitar Laut Karibia, dan Greenland (namun bukan Islandia).Wilayah Amerika Tengah merupakan daratan sempit memanjang yang menghubungkan antara Amerika Utara dan Amerika Selatan. Secara astronomis, Benua Amerika terletak antara 72° LU - 59° LS dan 36° BB - 163° BB. Secara geografis, letak Benua Amerika sebelah Barat berbatasan dengan Samudera Pasifik dan Laut Bering, sebelah timur berbatasan dengan Samudera Atlantik dan Laut Karibia, sebelah utara berbatasan dengan Laut Es dan Selat Davis, dan sebelah selatan berbatasan dengan Laut Kutub Selatan. Nama Amerika diambil dari nama pertama orang Eropa yang menjelajahi benua ini yaitu "Amerigo Vespucci."

Benua Amerika
Americas (orthographic projection).svg
Luas 42.549.000 km2 (16.428.000 mi2)
Penduduk 954.000.000 (perkiraan Juli 2013) [1]
Demonim American,[2] New Worlder,[3] and Pan-American[4] are used (see usage)
Negara 35
Bahasa Spanyol
Inggris
Portgis
Perancis
Quechua
Haitian Creole
Guaraní
Aymara
Nahuatl
Belanda
dan lain-lain
Zona waktu UTC-10 to UTC
Kota besar
Peta wilayah benua Amerika.

Daftar isi

Negara dan TeritoriSunting

Negara/teritori Luas wilayah
(km²)[5]
Penduduk
[note 1]
Pop.
density
(per km²)
Bahasa (official in bold) Ibukota PDB (GDP (Nominal))
USD in 2014[1][6]
PDB (PPP)
USD in 2014[1][7]
  Anguilla (United Kingdom) 700191000000000000091 700413452000000000013.452 70031648000000000001.648 English The Valley 7008175400000000000$175.400.000
  Antigua and Barbuda 7002442000000000000442 700486295000000000086.295 70031991000000000001.991 Creole,[8] English St. John's 7009160500000000000$1.605.000.000
  Argentina 70062766890000000002.766.890 700742669500000000042.669.500 7002143000000000000143 Spanish Buenos Aires 7011540197000000000$540.197.000.000 7011947573000000000$947.573.000.000
  Aruba (Netherlands) 7002180000000000000180 7005101484000000000101.484 70035944000000000005.944 Papiamentu, Spanish,[9] Dutch Oranjestad 7009251600000000000$2.516.000.000
  Bahamas, The 700413943000000000013.943 7005351461000000000351.461 7002245000000000000245 Creole,[10] English Nassau 7010112400000000000$11.240.000.000
  Barbados 7002430000000000000430 7005285000000000000285.000 70035953000000000005.953 Bajan,[11] English Bridgetown 7009716900000000000$7.169.000.000
  Belize 700422966000000000022.966 7005349728000000000349.728 7002134000000000000134 Spanish, Kriol, English[12] Belmopan 7009304800000000000$3.048.000.000
  Bermuda (United Kingdom) 700154000000000000054 700464237000000000064.237 700412037000000000012.037 English Hamilton 7009560000000000000$5.600.000.000
  Bolivia 70061098580000000001.098.580 700710027254000000010.027.254 700184000000000000084 Spanish and 36 indigenous languages La Paz and Sucre [13] 7010341760000000000$34.176.000.000 7010699630000000000$69.963.000.000
  Bonaire (Netherlands) 7002294000000000000294 700412093000000000012.093 7002411000000000000411 Papiamentu, Spanish, Dutch[14] Kralendijk
  Brazil 70068514877000000008.514.877 7008203106000000000203.106.000 7002236000000000000236 Portuguese Brasília 7012234611800000000$2.346.118.000.000 7012326386600000000$3.263.866.000.000
  British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 7002151000000000000151 700429537000000000029.537 70031523000000000001.523 English Road Town 7008500000000000000$500.000.000
  Canada 70069984670000000009.984.670 700735427524000000035.427.524 700134000000000000034 English, French Ottawa 7012178665500000000$1.786.655.000.000 7012156692500000000$1.566.925.000.000
  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 7002264000000000000264 700455456000000000055.456 70032121000000000002.121 English George Town 7009225000000000000$2.250.000.000
  Chile[15] 7005756950000000000756.950 700717773000000000017.773.000 700122000000000000022 Spanish Santiago 7011258062000000000$258.062.000.000 7011396923000000000$396.923.000.000
Templat:Country data Clipperton Island (France) 70006000000000000006[16] 50000000000000000000[17] 500000000000000000000 Uninhabited  — 5000000000000000000$0
  Colombia 70061138910000000001.138.910 700747757000000000047.757.000 700140000000000000040 Spanish Bogotá 7011377740000000000$377.740.000.000 7011638357000000000$638.357.000.000
  Costa Rica 700451100000000000051.100 70064667096000000004.667.096 7002896000000000000896 Spanish San José 7010495530000000000$49.553.000.000 7010709740000000000$70.974.000.000
  Cuba 7005109886000000000109.886 700711167325000000011.167.325 70031020000000000001.020 Spanish Havana 7010771500000000000$77.150.000.000 7011234193000000000$234.193.000.000
  Curaçao (Netherlands) 7002444000000000000444 7005150563000000000150.563 70033171000000000003.171 Papiamentu, Dutch[14] Willemstad 7009283800000000000$2.838.000.000
  Dominica 7002751000000000000751 700471293000000000071.293 7002892000000000000892 French Patois, English[18] Roseau 7009101800000000000$1.018.000.000
  Dominican Republic 700448671000000000048.671 700710378267000000010.378.267 70032073000000000002.073 Spanish Santo Domingo 7010639690000000000$63.969.000.000 7011138007000000000$138.007.000.000
  Ecuador 7005283560000000000283.560 700715819400000000015.819.400 7002538000000000000538 Spanish, Quechua[19] Quito 7011100543000000000$100.543.000.000 7011180493000000000$180.493.000.000
  El Salvador 700421041000000000021.041 70066401240000000006.401.240 70032930000000000002.930 Spanish San Salvador 7010252200000000000$25.220.000.000 7010509440000000000$50.944.000.000
  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)[20] 700412173000000000012.173 70033000000000000003.000 7001260000000000000026 English Stanley 7008164500000000000$164.500.000
  French Guiana (France) 700491000000000000091.000 7005237549000000000237.549 700127000000000000027 French Cayenne
  Greenland (Denmark) 70062166086000000002.166.086 700456483000000000056.483 70012600000000000000.026 Greenlandic, Danish Nuuk (Godthåb) 7009213300000000000$2.133.000.000
  Grenada 7002344000000000000344 7005103328000000000103.328 70033023000000000003.023 English St. George's 7009146700000000000$1.467.000.000
  Guadeloupe (France) 70031628000000000001.628 7005405739000000000405.739 70032467000000000002.467 French Basse-Terre
  Guatemala 7005108889000000000108.889 700715806675000000015.806.675 70031288000000000001.288 Spanish, Garifuna and 23 Mayan languages Guatemala City 7010587280000000000$58.728.000.000 7011119375000000000$119.375.000.000
  Guyana 7005214999000000000214.999 7005784894000000000784.894 700135000000000000035 English Georgetown 7009625600000000000$6.256.000.000
  Haiti 700427750000000000027.750 700710745665000000010.745.665 70033615000000000003.615 Creole, French Port-au-Prince 7010131500000000000$13.150.000.000
  Honduras 7005112492000000000112.492 70068555072000000008.555.072 7002664000000000000664 Spanish Tegucigalpa 7010193850000000000$19.385.000.000 7010364870000000000$36.487.000.000
  Jamaica 700410991000000000010.991 70062717991000000002.717.991 70032474000000000002.474 Patois, English Kingston 7010256200000000000$25.620.000.000
  Martinique (France) 70031128000000000001.128 7005392291000000000392.291 70033526000000000003.526 Patois,[21] French Fort-de-France
  Mexico 70061964375000000001.964.375 7008119713203000000119.713.203 7002571000000000000571 Spanish, 68 indigenous languages Mexico City 7012128272000000000$1.282.720.000.000 7012212525700000000$2.125.257.000.000
  Montserrat (United Kingdom) 7002102000000000000102 70034922000000000004.922 7002588000000000000588 Creole English, English[22] Plymouth; Brades[23] 7007437800000000000$43.780.000
Templat:Country data Navassa Island (United States) 70005000000000000005[16] 50000000000000000000[17] 500000000000000000000 Uninhabited  — 5000000000000000000$0
  Nicaragua 7005130373000000000130.373 70066071045000000006.071.045 7002441000000000000441 Spanish Managua 7010271000000000000$27.100.000.000
  Panama 700475417000000000075.417 70063405813000000003.405.813 7002458000000000000458 Spanish Panama City 7010462130000000000$46.213.000.000 7010808110000000000$80.811.000.000
  Paraguay 7005406750000000000406.750 70066783374000000006.783.374 7002156000000000000156 Guaraní, Spanish Asunción 7010309850000000000$30.985.000.000 7010582800000000000$58.280.000.000
  Peru 70061285220000000001.285.220 700730814175000000030.814.175 700122000000000000022 Spanish, Quechua, Aymara Lima 7011202903000000000$202.903.000.000 7011371347000000000$371.347.000.000
  Puerto Rico (United States) 70038870000000000008.870 70063615086000000003.615.086 70034489000000000004.489 Spanish, English San Juan 7011103135000000000$103.135.000.000 7011125630000000000$125.630.000.000
  Saba (Netherlands) 700113000000000000013 70031537000000000001.537[24] 70031182000000000001.182 English, Dutch The Bottom
  Saint Barthélemy (France) 700121000000000000021[16] 70038938000000000008.938[17] 70033547000000000003.547 French Gustavia
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 7002261000000000000261 700455000000000000055.000 70031992000000000001.992 English Basseterre 7008946300000000000$946.300.000
  Saint Lucia 7002539000000000000539 7005180000000000000180.000 70033191000000000003.191 English, French Creole Castries 7009223300000000000$2.233.000.000
  Saint Martin (France) 700154000000000000054[16] 700436979000000000036.979 70035522000000000005.522 French Marigot 7008561500000000000$561.500.000
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 7002242000000000000242 70036081000000000006.081 7002248000000000000248 French Saint-Pierre 7008215300000000000$215.300.000
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7002389000000000000389 7005109000000000000109.000 70032802000000000002.802 English Kingstown 7009131200000000000$1.312.000.000
  Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) 700121000000000000021 70032739000000000002.739[24] 70031304000000000001.304 Dutch, English Oranjestad
  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 700134000000000000034 700437429000000000037.429 700411767000000000011.767 English, Spanish, Dutch Philipsburg 7008798300000000000$798.300.000
  South Georgia and
South Sandwich Islands
(UK)
[25]
70033093000000000003.093 700120000000000000020 7000100000000000000001 English Grytviken
  Suriname 7005163270000000000163.270 7005534189000000000534.189 70003000000000000003 Dutch and others[26] Paramaribo 7009687400000000000$6.874.000.000
  Trinidad and Tobago 70035130000000000005.130 70061328019000000001.328.019 70032610000000000002.610 English Port of Spain 7010244340000000000$24.434.000.000 7010408320000000000$40.832.000.000
  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 7002948000000000000948 700431458000000000031.458 7002348000000000000348 Creole English, English[27] Cockburn Town 7008632000000000000$632.000.000
  United States[note 2] 70069629091000000009.629.091 7008320206000000000320.206.000 7002342000000000000342 English, Spanish Washington, D.C. 7013174190000000000$17.419.000.000.000 7013174190000000000$17.419.000.000.000
  U.S. Virgin Islands (United States) 7002347000000000000347 7005106405000000000106.405 70033170000000000003.170 English, Spanish Charlotte Amalie
  Uruguay 7005176220000000000176.220 70063286314000000003.286.314 7002194000000000000194 Spanish Montevideo 7010574710000000000$57.471.000.000 7010714140000000000$71.414.000.000
  Venezuela 7005916445000000000916.445 700730206307000000030.206.307 7002302000000000000302 Spanish and 40 indigenous languages Caracas 7011509964000000000$509.964.000.000 7011538932000000000$538.932.000.000
Total 700742320985000000042.320.985 7008973186925000000973.186.925 7002219000000000000219 7013248640000000000$24.864.000.000.000

Lihat pulaSunting

Bacaan lanjutanSunting

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ a b c "The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. 2013. Diakses tanggal September 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama OEDAMERICAN
  3. ^ "New Worlder". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
  4. ^ "Pan-American – definition of Pan-American by The Free Dictionary". TheFreeDictionary.com. Diakses tanggal September 8, 2014. 
  5. ^ Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2008. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  6. ^ http://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/GDP.pdf
  7. ^ http://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/GDP_PPP.pdf
  8. ^ Kras, Sara Louise (2008). Antigua and Barbuda. Marshall Cavendish. hlm. 95. ISBN 0-7614-2570-5. 
  9. ^ "Aruba Census 2010 Languages spoken in the household". Central Bureau of Statistics. [pranala nonaktif]
  10. ^ Lewis, Paul M. (2009). "Languages of Bahamas". Dallas: Ethnologue. 
  11. ^ Paul M. Lewis, ed. (2009). "Languages of Barbados". Dallas: Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 
  12. ^ "Belize 2000 Housing and Population Census". Belize Central Statistical Office. 2000. Diakses tanggal June 24, 2011. [pranala nonaktif]
  13. ^ La Paz is the administrative capital of Bolivia; Sucre is the judicial seat.
  14. ^ a b "Households by the most spoken language in the household Population and Housing Census 2001". Central Bureau of Statistics. [pranala nonaktif]
  15. ^ Includes Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean, a Chilean territory frequently reckoned in Oceania. Santiago is the administrative capital of Chile; Valparaíso is the site of legislative meetings.
  16. ^ a b c d Land area figures taken from "The World Factbook: 2010 edition". Government of the United States, Central Intelligence Agency. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c These population estimates are for 2010, and are taken from "The World Factbook: 2010 edition". Government of the United States, Central Intelligence Agency. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  18. ^ Paul M. Lewis; M. Paul, ed. (2009). "Languages of Dominica". Dallas: Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Diakses tanggal August 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ Levinson, David (1998). Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Greenwood Publishing Group. hlm. 347. ISBN 1-57356-019-7. 
  20. ^ Claimed by Argentina.
  21. ^ Paul M. Lewis, ed. (2009). "Languages of Martinique". Dallas: Ethnologue. 
  22. ^ Paul M. Lewis, ed. (2009). "Languages of Montserrat". Dallas: Ethnologue. 
  23. ^ Due to ongoing activity of the Soufriere Hills volcano beginning in July 1995, much of Plymouth was destroyed and government offices were relocated to Brades. Plymouth remains the de jure capital.
  24. ^ a b Population estimates are taken from the Central Bureau of Statistics Netherlands Antilles. "Statistical information: Population". Government of the Netherlands Antilles. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-07-06. Diakses tanggal October 14, 2010. 
  25. ^ Claimed by Argentina; the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean are commonly associated with Antarctica (due to proximity) and have no permanent population, only hosting a periodic contingent of about 100 researchers and visitors.
  26. ^ Lewis, Paul (2009). "Languages of Suriname". Dallas, Texas: Ethnologue. 
  27. ^ Lewis, M. Paul (2009). "Languages of Turks and Caicos Islands". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas: SIL International. [pranala nonaktif]

Pranala luarSunting

Koordinat: 19°00′LU 96°00′BT / 19°LU 96°BB / 19.000; -96.000


Kesalahan pengutipan: Ditemukan tag <ref> untuk kelompok bernama "note", tapi tidak ditemukan tag <references group="note"/> yang berkaitan, atau </ref> penutup tidak ada