Bandar Udara Internasional Schiphol

bandar udara di Belanda

Bandar Udara Schiphol Amsterdam (IATA: AMSICAO: EHAM), dikenal informasi sebagai Bandar Udara Schiphol (bahasa Belanda: Luchthaven Schiphol, diucapkan [ˌlʏxtɦaːvə(n) ˈsxɪp(ɦ)ɔl]),[a] adalah bandara utama di Belanda yang terletak di selatan Amsterdam, persisnya di gemeente Haarlemmermeer. Schiphol adalah salah satu dari bandara-bandara di Eropa yang bersaing menjadi pintu masuk utama ke benua tersebut bersama Bandara London Heathrow di London, Britania Raya; Bandara Internasional Frankfurt di Frankfurt am Main, Jerman; dan Bandara Internasional Charles de Gaulle di Paris (Roissy), Prancis. Pada 2004, Schiphol meraih urutan keempat di Eropa untuk jumlah penumpang sebesar 42.541.000 orang, setelah bandara-bandara tersebut.

Bandar Udara Schiphol Amsterdam

Koninklijke Luchthaven Schiphol
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol logo (2018–present).svg
PH-PBA (29097500693).jpg
Informasi
JenisPublik
Pemilik/PengelolaRoyal Schiphol Group
MelayaniAmsterdam
LokasiHaarlemmermeer, Belanda
Maskapai penghubung
Maskapai utama
Ketinggian dpl mdpl
Koordinat52°18′29″N 004°45′51″E / 52.30806°N 4.76417°E / 52.30806; 4.76417Koordinat: 52°18′29″N 004°45′51″E / 52.30806°N 4.76417°E / 52.30806; 4.76417
Situs webwww.schiphol.nl
Peta
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Landasan pacu
Arah Panjang Permukaan
m kaki
18R/36L 'Polderbaan' 3.800 12.467 Aspal
06/24 'Kaagbaan' 3.500 11.483 Aspal
09/27 'Buitenveldertbaan' 3.453 11.329 Aspal
18L/36R 'Aalsmeerbaan' 3.400 11.155 Aspal
18C/36C 'Zwanenburgbaan' 3.300 10.827 Aspal
04/22 'Oostbaan' 2.014 6.608 Aspal
Statistik (2020)
Penumpang20,884,044
Pergerakan pesawat227,304
Kargo (ton)1,441,521
Dampak ekonomi (2016)$27.3 miliyar[1]
Landasan area2,787 ha[2]
Sebuah pesawat sedang lepas landas di Bandara Schiphol.

Schiphol dibangun sebagai sebuah terminal besar yang kemudian dibagi menjadi tiga bagian, yang terakhir selesai pada 1994. Rencana untuk ekspansi selanjutnya juga sudah muncul. Bandara ini memiliki lima landas pacu utama dan sebuah lagi untuk penerbangan lain. Landas pacu "kelima", yang sebenarnya keenam, selesai pada 2003 dan rencana untuk landasan ketujuh sudah ada.

Bandara Schiphol merupakan pusat operasi KLM, Martinair, dan Transavia. Karena padatnya lalu lintas dan biaya yang tinggi, beberapa maskapai pindah ke bandara lain yang lebih kecil seperti di Groningen, Rotterdam, Eindhoven dan Maastricht.

MaskapaiSunting

MaskapaiTujuan
Aegean AirlinesAthens
Aer LingusCork, Dublin
AeroflotMoscow-Sheremetyevo
AeroméxicoMexico City
Air Arabia MarocFez, Nador, Tangier
Air AstanaAtyrau
Air CairoCharter Musiman: Hurghada
Air CanadaToronto-Pearson
Air EuropaMadrid
Air FranceNantes, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rennes, Strasbourg
Musiman: Marseille
Air MaltaMalta
Air SerbiaBelgrade
Air TransatMusiman: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson
American AirlinesPhiladelphia
Musiman: Dallas/Fort Worth
AnadoluJetIstanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
ArkiaTel Aviv
AtlasGlobalIstanbul
Austrian AirlinesVienna
Blue AirBucharest, Cluj-Napoca
British AirwaysLondon-City, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow
Bulgaria AirSofia
Cathay PacificHong Kong
China AirlinesTaipei-Taoyuan
China Southern AirlinesBeijing-Daxing, Guangzhou
Corendon AirlinesMusiman: Heraklion
Corendon Dutch AirlinesAntalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Musiman: Alghero, Alicante, Banjul, Bodrum, Burgas, Catania, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha, Ercan, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, İzmir, Kos, Málaga, Mytilene, Natal, Ohrid, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Sal, Trapani, Zakynthos
Croatia AirlinesZagreb
Czech AirlinesPrague
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Orlando, Portland (OR), Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
easyJetAlicante, Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast-International, Bergamo, Berlin, Bristol, Budapest, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Faro, Fuereteventura, Geneva, Glasgow, Gran Canaria, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Málaga, Manchester, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Tel Aviv, Venice, Vienna
Musiman: Birmingham, Catania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Hurghada, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Lanzarote, Marrakech, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sharm El Sheikh, Split, Tenerife-South, Verona, Zadar
EgyptAirCairo
El AlTel Aviv
EmiratesDubai-International
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi
EurowingsHamburg, Stuttgart
EVA AirBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan
FinnairHelsinki
FlyOneMusiman: Chișinău
Garuda IndonesiaJakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Georgian AirwaysTbilisi
Iberia ExpressMadrid
IcelandairReykjavik-Keflavík
Iran AirTehran-Imam Khomeini
ITA AirwaysMilan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino
Jet2.comBirmingham, Leeds/Bradford
Kenya AirwaysNairobi-Jomo Kenyatta
KLMAalborg, Aberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Ålesund, Alicante, Aruba, Athens, Atlanta, Austin, Bahrain, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Belfast-City, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bologna, Bonaire, Bordeaux, Boston, Bremen, Bristol, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Calgary, Cape Town, Cardiff, Cartagena, Catania, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Cork, Curaçao, Dammam, Dar Es Salaam, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dresden, Dubai-International, Dublin, Durham/Teesside, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Edmonton, Entebbe, Florence, Fortaleza, Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Geneva, Genoa, Glasgow, Gothenburg, Graz, Guayaquil, Hamburg, Hangzhou, Hanover, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Humberside, Inverness, Istanbul, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kraków, Kristiansand, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Kyiv-Boryspil, Lagos, Las Vegas, Leeds/Bradford, Lima, Linköping, Lisbon, London-City, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Manila, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montpellier, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Nantes, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, New York-JFK, Nice, Norwich, Nuremberg, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo, Panama City-Tocumen, Paramaribo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Poznań, Prague, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, Sandefjord, San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, St. Maarten, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Taipei-Taoyuan, Teesside, Tel Aviv, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Trondheim, Turin, Valencia, Vancouver, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Windhoek-Hosea Kutako, Wrocław, Xiamen, Zagreb, Zanzibar, Zürich
Musiman: Barbados, Cancún, Dubrovnik, Havana, Ibiza, Liberia (CR), Palma de Mallorca, Port of Spain, Salt Lake City, San José (CR), Split, Verona
Korean AirSeoul-Incheon
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw-Chopin
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air ShuttleCopenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm-Arlanda
Onur AirAntalya
Pegasus AirlinesAntalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Musiman: Bodrum, İzmir, Kayseri, Konya
PLAYReykjavik-Keflavik
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Red Wings AirlinesSaint Petersburg
Royal Air MarocCasablanca, Nador, Tangier
Musiman: Al Hoceima, Oujda
Royal JordanianAmman-Queen Alia
RyanairDublin, Málaga
SaudiaJeddah
Musiman: Riyadh
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm-Arlanda
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
Sun d'OrMusiman: Tel Aviv
SunExpressIzmir
Musiman: Ankara, Antalya, Kayseri, Konya
Surinam AirwaysParamaribo
Swiss International Air LinesZürich
TAP Air PortugalLisbon, Porto
TAROMBucharest
TransaviaAgadir, Alicante, Almería, Amman-Queen Alia, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Casablanca, Catania, Dubai-International, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Katowice, Lanzarote, La Palma, Larnaca, Lisbon, Ljubljana, Málaga, Marrakesh, Naples, Nice, Paris-Orly, Pisa, Porto, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Riga, Salzburg, Seville, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki, Valencia
Musiman: Ajaccio, Antalya, Bodrum, Chambéry, Chania, Chios, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Eilat, Girona, İzmir, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Ponta Delgada, Preveza, Rhodes, Sal, Samos, Santorini, Varna, Verona, Zakynthos
Charter Musiman: Akuryeri, Ivalo, Kittilä, Kuusamo, Rovaniemi, Skellefteå
TUI fly BelgiumMusiman: Pristina, Tirana
TUI fly NetherlandsAlicante, Aruba, Banjul, Boa Vista, Bonaire, Cancún, Curaçao, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Holguín, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Montego Bay, Paramaribo, Praia, Punta Cana, Sal, São Vicente, Tenerife-South, Varadero
Musiman: Antalya, Bodrum, Burgas, Catania, Corfu, Dakar-Diass, Dalaman, Djebra, Enfidha, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Ivalo, İzmir, Karpathos, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kittilä, Kos, La Palma, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Mytilene, Ohrid, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Preveza, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Samos, Skiathos, Terceira, Thessaloniki, Zakynthos, Zanzibar
TunisairTunis
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
Musiman: Adana, Ankara, Elazig, İzmir, Kayseri, Konya, Trabzon
Ukraine International AirlinesKyiv-Boryspil
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, Washington-Dulles
Musiman: San Francisco
Ural AirlinesMoscow-Zhukovsky
VuelingAlicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Florence, Lisbon, Málaga, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Santiago de Compostela, Valencia
Musiman: Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
WestJetMusiman: Calgary
Xiamen AirlinesXiamen

KargoSunting

MaskapaiTujuan
Air China Cargo Chongqing, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Zaragoza
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Atlanta, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Leipzig/Halle, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Oslo, Yekaterinburg, Zaragoza
Atlas Air Chicago-O'Hare, Miami, Seoul-Incheon
Avianca Cargo Miami, Zaragoza
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Delhi, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Copenhagen, Ningbo, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Xi'an, Zaragoza
China Southern Airlines Cargo Guangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong
DHL Aviation East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle, London-Heathrow, Madrid
Emirates SkyCargo Aguadilla, Chicago O'Hare, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Houston-Intercontinental, Madrid, Oslo, Zaragoza
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta
FedEx Express Oslo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Garuda Cargo Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Kalitta Air New York-JFK
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon, Stockholm-Arlanda
LATAM Cargo Chile Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Miami, Santiago de Chile
Martinair Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Guatemala City, Harare, Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo, Lima, Miami, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Quito, Santiago de Chile
MASkargo Dubai-Al Maktoum, Kuala Lumpur
MNG Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, London-Luton
Nippon Cargo Airlines Milan-Malpensa, Tokyo-Narita
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Saudia Cargo Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Singapore Airlines Cargo Bangalore, Chennai, Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo, London-Heathrow, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Singapore
Suparna Airlines Nanjing
Turkish Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk

Lihat pulaSunting

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ "Amsterdam airport – Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 29 October 2013. Diakses tanggal 7 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama landArea
  3. ^ "CBS StatLine – Luchtvaart; maandcijfers Nederlandse luchthavens van nationaal belang". Diakses tanggal 26 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Traffic review 2020". Schiphol. 
  5. ^ EHAM – Amsterdam / Schiphol. AIP from AIS the Netherlands, effective 11 Ags 2022
  6. ^ "Year in review - 2017". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2021-12-11 – via www.youtube.com. 

Pranala luarSunting


Kesalahan pengutipan: Ditemukan tag <ref> untuk kelompok bernama "lower-alpha", tapi tidak ditemukan tag <references group="lower-alpha"/> yang berkaitan