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Perang Kemerdekaan Spanyol adalah perang yang terjadi antara persekutuan Spanyol, Britania Raya dan Portugal melawan Prancis di semenanjung Iberia selama Perang Napoleon. Perang ini dimulai ketika Prancis menduduki Portugal pada 1807 dan Spanyol pada 1808 dan terus terjadi sampai Perang Koalisi Keenam menaklukan Napoleon tahun 1814.

Perang Kemerdekaan Spanyol
Bagian dari Perang Napoleon
El dos de mayo de 1808 en Madrid.jpg
The Second of May, 1808: The Charge of the Mamelukes, oleh Francisco Goya (1814)
Tanggal2 Mei 1808 (kadang-kadang 27 Oktober 1807[1]) – 17 April 1814[2]
LokasiSemenanjung Iberia
Hasil Kemenangan Sekutu; Perjanjian Fontainebleau
Pihak terlibat
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Spanyol
 Britania Raya
Flag of Portugal (1707).svg Portugal
Bendera Prancis Kekaisaran Prancis Pertama
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Britania Raya Arthur Wellesley
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Joaquín Blake y Joyes
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Francisco Castaños
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg Gregorio de la Cuesta
Bendera Britania Raya John Moore
Bendera Prancis Napoleon I
Bendera Prancis Joseph Bonaparte
Bendera Prancis Jean de Dieu Soult
Bendera Prancis André Masséna
Bendera Prancis Louis Gabriel Suchet
Bendera Prancis Joseph Mortier

Daftar isi

ReferensiSunting

  • Chandler, David G. The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. ISBN 0-02-523660-1
  • Gates, David. The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. Da Capo Press 2001. ISBN 0-306-81083-2
  • Glover, Michael. The Peninsular War 1807-1814. Penguin Books 2003. ISBN 0-14-139041-7
  • Henriques, Mendo. Salamanca. Lisbon, 2002. ISBN 972-8563-80-9
  • Napier, William. The War in the Peninsula (6 vols), London: John Murray (Vol 1), and private (Vols 2-6), 1828-40.
  • Oman, Charles. The History of the Peninsular War (7 vols), Oxford, 1903-30.
  • Sunderland, Mark. The Fatal Hill: The Allied Campaign under Beresford in Southern Spain in 1811. Thompson Publishing, London 2002. *ISBN 0-9522930-7-2 (Long Review)
  • Urban, Mark. Rifles: Six years with Wellington's legendary sharpshooters Pub Faber & Faber, 2003. *ISBN 0-571-21681-1
  • Urban, Mark. The Man who Broke Napoleon's Codes. Faber and Faber Ltd, London 2001. ISBN 0-571-20513-5,

Daftar pustakaSunting

  • Esdaile, Charles J. Fighting Napoleon Yale University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-300-10112-0.
  • Esdaile, Charles J. The Peninsular War: A New History Allen Lane, 2002, ISBN 0-14-027370-0.
  • Esdaile, Charles J. The Spanish Army in the Peninsular War Manchester University Press, 1988, ISBN 0-7190-2538-9.
  • Fletcher, Ian Peninsular War; Aspects of the Struggle for the Iberian Peninsula Spellmount Publishers, 2003, ISBN 1-873376-82-0.
  • Fletcher, Ian (ed.) The Campaigns of Wellington, (3 vols), Vol 1. The Peninsular War 1808–1811; Vol. 2. The Peninsular War 1812–1814, The Folio Society, 2007.
  • Goya, Francisco The Disasters of War Dover Publications, 1967, ISBN 0-486-21872-4.
  • Griffith, Paddy A History of the Peninsular War: Modern Studies of the War in Spain and Portugal, 1808-14 v. 9 Greenhill Books, 1999, ISBN 1-85367-348-X.
  • Lovett, Gabriel H. Napoleon and the Birth of Modern Spain New York UP, 1965, ISBN 0-8147-0267-8.
  • Suchet, Marshal Duke D'Albufera Memoirs of the War in Spain Pete Kautz, 2007, 2 volumes: ISBN 1-85818-477-0 & ISBN 1-85818-476-2.

Pranala luarSunting

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Glover, p. 45. Some accounts mark the Franco-Spanish invasion of Portugal as the beginning of the war.
  2. ^ Glover, p. 335. Denotes the date of the general armistice between France and the Sixth Coalition.