Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay

ahli biologi asal Kekaisaran Rusia

Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay (bahasa Rusia: Никола́й Никола́евич Миклу́хо-Макла́й;[1] 17 [K.J.: 5] Juli 1846 – 14 [K.J.: 2] April 1888) adalah seorang penjelajah, etnologis, antropolog dan biologis asal Rusia.[2][3] Ia dikenal sebagai salah satu ilmuwan terawal yang bermukim dan mengkaji suku-suku bangsa di Papua yang tak pernah melihat orang Eropa.[4]

Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay
Photograph of Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay
Lahir(1846-07-17)17 Juli 1846
Rozhdestvenskoe, Kegubernuran Novgorod, Kekaisaran Rusia
Meninggal14 April 1888(1888-04-14) (umur 41)
St Petersburg, Kekaisaran Rusia
Tempat tinggalKekaisaran Rusia, Australia, Papua dan lain-lain
KebangsaanKekaisaran Rusia
AlmamaterUniversitas Heidelberg, Universitas Leipzig, Universitas Jena
Dikenal ataskarya antropologi di Papua dan Pasifik
Karier ilmiah
BidangEtnologi, Antropologi, Biologi
TerinspirasiErnst Haeckel
Singkatan penulis (botani)Mikl.-Maclay
Singkatan penulis (zoologi)Miklucho-Maclay

Catatan dan referensiSunting

  1. ^ English variations of his name include: Nicolai Nicolaevich de Miklouho-Maclay 1, 2, Baron de Miklouho-Maklai which he used in letter writing, and others. In scientific literature, especially where he discovered sponge species, his surname is cited as Miklucho-Maclay.
  2. ^ A Noble Cause: the Life and Work of Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay (1846-1888) Sydney University Museums-The University of Sydney
  3. ^ "History of immigration from Ukraine". Museum Victoria Australia. Diakses tanggal 3 January 2017. 
  4. ^ Webster, E. M. (1984). The Moon Man: A Biography of Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay. University of California Press, Berkeley. 421 pages. ISBN 0-520-05435-0

Referensi umumSunting

  • Greenop, F. S. (1944) Who Travels Alone, K.G. Murray Publishing Company, Sydney
  • Ogloblin, A. K. (1998) 'Commemorating N. N. Miklukho-Maclay (Recent Russian publications)', in Perspectives on the Bird's Head of Irian Jaya, Indonesia: Proceedings of the Conference, pages.487–502. 1998. ISBN 90-420-0644-7. Partial view on Google Books.

Pranala luarSunting

  1. ^ "Author Query for 'Mikl.-Maclay'". International Plant Names Index.