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Philip Henry Sheridan (lahir 6 Maret 1831 – meninggal 5 Agustus 1888 pada umur 57 tahun)[2] adalah seorang perwira United States Army dan jenderal Union dalam Perang Saudara Amerika. Kariernya dikenal karena kenaikan cepatnya menjadi mayjen dan hubungan dekatnya dengan Kepala jenderal Ulysses S. Grant, yang mentransfer Sheridan dari komando divisi infanteri di Teater Barat ke Korps Kavaleri Tentara Potomac di Teater Timur.

Philip Henry Sheridan
Philip Sheridan 1-restored.jpg
Sheridan pada 1860an
Julukan"Little Phil"
"Fightin' Phil"
Lahir(1831-03-06)6 Maret 1831
Albany, New York[N 1][1]
Meninggal5 Agustus 1888(1888-08-05) (umur 57)
Nonquitt, Massachusetts
DikebumikanArlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia
PengabdianAmerika Serikat
Union
Dinas/cabangUnited States Army
Union Army
Lama dinas1853–1888
PangkatUS Army General insignia (1866).svg General of the Army
KomandoCavalry Corps
Army of the Shenandoah
Middle Military Division
Department of the Missouri
Perang/pertempuranPerang Saudara Amerika Perang Indian
Tanda tanganPhilip Henry Sheridan signature.svg

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Sheridan mengklaim Albany adalah tempat lahirnya.

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama birthplace
  2. ^ Morris, pp. 10–11, states "on or about March 6" and that Sheridan himself claimed various dates and birthplaces on different occasions in his life.

Daftar pustakaSunting

  • Atkinson, Rick. Where Valor Rests: Arlington National Cemetery. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 2007. ISBN 978-1-4262-0089-2.
  • Bigler, Philip. In Honored Glory: Arlington National Cemetery, The Final Post. 2nd ed. Arlington, VA: Vandermere Press, 1994. ISBN 0-918339-68-5.
  • Cozzens, Peter. This Terrible Sound: The Battle of Chickamauga. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992. ISBN 0-252-02236-X.
  • Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Fredriksen, John C. "Philip Henry Sheridan." In Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History, edited by David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000. ISBN 0-393-04758-X.
  • Hess, Earl J. Civil War Campaign in the West. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8078-2042-3.
  • Hutton, Paul Andrew. Phil Sheridan and His Army. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985. ISBN 0-8032-7227-8.
  • Lockley, Fred. "Reminiscences of Mrs. Frank Collins, nee Martha Elizabeth Gilliam." The Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society XVII (March 1916-December 1916), Portland, Oregon, The Ivy Press, 1916: 367–69.
  • Macdonald, James S., Jr. The Founding of Yellowstone into Law and into Fact at www.yellowstone-online.com.
  • Mieder, Wolfgang. "'The Only Good Indian Is a Dead Indian': History and Meaning of a Proverbial Stereotype." The Journal of American Folklore 106 (1993):38–60.
  • Morris, Roy, Jr. Sheridan: The Life and Wars of General Phil Sheridan. New York: Crown Publishing, 1992. ISBN 0-517-58070-5.
  • Noe, Kenneth W. Perryville: This Grand Havoc of Battle. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8131-2209-0.
  • O'Connor, Richard. Sheridan. New York: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1953. ISBN 0-8317-2440-4.
  • Rhea, Gordon C. To the North Anna River: Grant and Lee, May 13–25, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8071-2535-0.
  • Sheridan, Philip H. Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan. 2 vols. New York: Charles L. Webster & Co., 1888. ISBN 1-58218-185-3.
  • U.S. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
  • Underwood, Tom R., ed. Thoroughbred Racing & Breeding: The Story of the Sport and Background of the Horse Industry New York: Kessinger, 2004. ISBN 978-1-4191-6070-7. First published 1945 by Coward-McCann, Inc.
  • Wittenberg, Eric J. Little Phil: A Reassessment of the Civil War Leadership of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2002. ISBN 1-57488-548-0.

Bacaan tambahanSunting

BiografiSunting

  • Davies, Eugene. General Sheridan. New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1895. OCLC 557475145.
  • Forsyth, George A. Thrilling Days in Army Life. New York and London, Harper & Bros., 1900. OCLC 166607232.
  • Suppiger, Joseph E. "Sheridan, The Life of a General." Lincoln Herald (Sept 1984), 86#3 pp. 157–70 on prewar; 87#1 pp. 18–26 on 1862–63; 87#2 pp. 49–57, on 1863–64.
  • Wheelan, Joseph. Terrible Swift Sword: The Life of General Philip H. Sheridan. New York: Da Capo Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-306-82027-4.

Perang SaudaraSunting

Pasca-perangSunting

  • Dawson, Joseph G. III. "General Phil Sheridan and Military Reconstruction in Louisiana," Civil War History 24#2 (June 1978): 133–51.
  • Richter, William L. "General Phil Sheridan, The Historians, and Reconstruction, Civil War History 33#2 (June 1987): 131–54.
  • Taylor, Morris F. "The Carr–Penrose Expedition: General Sheridan's Winter Campaign, 1868–1869." Chronicles of Oklahoma 51#2 (June 1973): 159–76.

Pranala luarSunting