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Union Army atau Federal Army adalah pasukan darat yang bertarung untuk Union pada masa Perang Saudara Amerika dari 1861 sampai 1865. Ini meliputi tentara reguler permanen Amerika Serikat, yang dipadukan dengan sejumlah besar unit temporer yang terdiri dari para sukarelawan dan wajib militer. Union Army bertarung dan mengalahkan Confederate Army pada masa perang tersebut. Sekitar dua juta dan mungkin dua setengah juta orang bertugas dalam Union Army; hampir seluruhnya (lebih dari 94%) adalah sukarelawan.[1] Sekitar 360,000 prajurit Union tewas dari seluruh sebab; 280,000 luka-luka dan 200,000 ditangkap.

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Albert Burton Moore, Conscription and Conflict in the Confederacy (1924).

ReferensiSunting

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Bledsoe, Andrew S. Citizen-Officers: The Union and Confederate Volunteer Junior Officer Corps in the American Civil War (LSU, 2015). xx, 322 pp. PhD dissertation version
  • Canfield, Daniel T. "Opportunity Lost: Combined Operations and the Development of Union Military Strategy, April 1861-April 1862." Journal of Military History 79.3 (2015).
  • Kahn, Matthew E., and Dora L. Costa. "Cowards and Heroes: Group Loyalty in the American Civil War." Quarterly journal of economics 2 (2003): 519-548. online version
  • Nevins, Allan. The War for the Union. Vol. 1, The Improvised War 1861–1862. The War for the Union. Vol. 2, War Becomes Revolution 1862–1863. Vol. 3, The Organized War 1863–1864. Vol. 4, The Organized War to Victory 1864–1865. (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1960-71. ISBN 1-56852-299-1.)
  • Prokopowicz, Gerald J. All for the Regiment: the Army of the Ohio, 1861-1862 (UNC Press, 2014). online
  • Shannon, Fred A. The Organization and Administration of the Union Army 1861–1865. 2 vols. Gloucester, MA: P. Smith, 1965. OCLC 428886. First published 1928 by A.H. Clark Co.
  • Welcher, Frank J. The Union Army, 1861–1865 Organization and Operations. Vol. 1, The Eastern Theater. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. ISBN 0-253-36453-1; . The Union Army, 1861–1865 Organization and Operations. Vol. 2, The Western Theater. (1993). ISBN 0-253-36454-X.

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