Karl Abraham

dokter asal Jerman

Karl Abraham (bahasa Jerman: [ˈaːbʁaham]; lahir di Bremen, Kekaisaran Jerman, 3 Mei 1877 – meninggal di Berlin, Republik Weimar, 25 Desember 1925 pada umur 48 tahun) adalah seorang psikoanalis Jerman berpengaruh, dan kolaborator Sigmund Freud, yang menyebutnya 'murid terbaiknya'.[1][2]

Karl Abraham
Karl Abraham.jpg
Lahir3 Mei 1877
Bremen, Kekaisaran Jerman
Meninggal[[{{{3}}} Parameter salah (harus 1 — 12)]] [[25 December 1925 ]] (umur Kesalahan ekspresi: Kata "december" tidak dikenal.) (aged 48)
Berlin, Republik Weimar
KebangsaanJerman
Karier ilmiah
BidangPsikiatri

KehidupanSunting

Abraham lahir di Bremen, Jerman. Orangtuanya adalah Nathan Abraham, seorang guru agama Yahudi (1842 – 1915) dan istrinya (sekaligus sepupunya) Ida (1847 – 1929).[3] Kajiannya dalam kedokteran membolehkannya untuk mengambil sebuah posisi di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Burghölzli Swiss , dimana Eugen Bleuler berpraktek. Setting rumah sakit tersebut awalnya memperkenalkannya kepada psikoanalisis Carl Gustav Jung.

Karya dan publikasiSunting

  • Normentafel zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Huhnes (with Prof. Keibel). (1900) Normentafeln zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Wirbeltiere, Heft 2. Jena.
  • Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Wellensittichs. (inaugural dissertation.) (1901) Anatomische Blätter (Anatomical Institute, Freiburg), Heft LVI/LVII. (Wiesbaden, I. F. Bergmann.)
  • Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Delirium tremens der Morphinisten. (1902) C., Jahrg. XXV, June, S. 369–80.
  • ber Versuche mit 'Veronal' bei Erregungszuständen der Paralytiker. (1904) C., Jahrg.
  • Abraham, K.(1907). On the significance of Sexual Trauma in Childhood for the Symptomatology of Dementia Praecox. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K.(1909). Dreams and Myths : A study in folk-Psychology. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K.(1911). Giovanni Segantini : A Psycho-analytical Study. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K. (1912). Amenhotep IV. Psycho-analytical Contributions Towards the understanding of his Personality and of the Monotheistic Cult of Aton. . In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K. (1920). The Cultural Significance of Psycho-analysis. In Hilda, C., Abraham, M.D.(Ed) (1955). Clinical Papers and Essays on Psycho-Analysis. London : The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis.
  • Abraham, K (1921). Contributions to the theory of the anal character. In Stein, D.J, Stone, M. H. (Ed) (1997). Essential papers on obsessive-compulsive disorders. New York: New York University Press.
  • Abraham, K The influence of oral erotism on character-formation. In Perzow, S. M., Kets de Vries, M.F.R. (Ed) (1991). Handbook of character studies: Psychoanalytic explorations. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.
  • Abraham, K. A short study of the development of the libido. In Frankiel, R.V. (Ed) (1994). Essential papers on object loss, New York: New York University Press.

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". London: Freud Museum. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 26 June 2007. Diakses tanggal 7 November 2018. 
  2. ^ Bush, Lawrence (25 December 2014). "December 25: Freud's Best Pupil". Jewish Currents. Diakses tanggal 7 November 2018. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 18 July 2011. Diakses tanggal 25 December 2010. 

ReferensiSunting

  • May, Ulrike (2007), "[Remarks on the Introduction to Karl Abraham's collected works (1969-71)]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 20 (39), hlm. 145–52, PMID 17992845 
  • Kuhn, P (2000), "A scandal in Salzburg or Freud's surreptitious role in the 1908 Abraham-Jung dispute.", The International journal of psycho-analysis (dipublikasikan tanggal Aug 2000), 81 (4), hlm. 705–31, PMID 11028235 
  • Sklarew, B (1999), "Freud and film: encounters in the Weltgeist.", Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 47 (4), hlm. 1238–47, PMID 10650559 
  • Machtlinger, V (1997), "[Karl Abraham and Giovanni Segantini]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10 (20), hlm. 81–97, PMID 11625348 
  • Decke, B (1997), "[Karl Abraham: family, childhood and youth in Bremen]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10 (20), hlm. 7–60, PMID 11625347 
  • Cremerius, J (1997), "[Karl Abraham, Freud's scapegoat and, guide to understanding the truth]", Luzifer-Amor : Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10 (20), hlm. 64–80, PMID 11625346 
  • Good, M I (1995), "Karl Abraham, Sigmund Freud, and the fate of the seduction theory.", Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 43 (4), hlm. 1137–67, doi:10.1177/000306519504300409, PMID 8926328 
  • Shengold, L (1972), "A parapraxis of Freud's in relation to Karl Abraham.", The American imago; a psychoanalytic journal for the arts and sciences, 29 (2), hlm. 123–59, PMID 4562662 

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Freud, S. (1917). Mourning and Melancholia. Standard Edition, 14, 305-307.
  • May-Tolzmann, U. (1997). The Discovery of the Bad Mother: Abraham’s contribution to the theory of Depression. Luzifer-Amor: Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 10(20), 98-131.
  • Selected Papers on Psycho-Analysis, Publisher: Karnac Books; 1997, ISBN 0-9501647-7-1

Pranala luarSunting