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Sicherheitsdienst (bahasa Inggris: Pelayanan Keamanan), nama lengkap Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS, atau SD, adalah badan intelijensi dari SS dan Partai Nazi di Jerman Nazi. Organisasi tersebut adalah organisasi intelijensi Partai Nazi pertama yang didirikan dan dijadikan sebagai organisasi bersaudara dari Gestapo. Antara 1933 dan 1939, SD dijadikan sebagai pusat SS independen, setelah organisasi tersebut dipindahkan ke Pusat Keamanan Utama Reich (Reichssicherheitshauptamt, atau RSHA), sebagai salah satu dari tujuh departemen/pusat-nya.[2]

SD
Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS
SDInsig.png
SD sleeve insignia.
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg
SD adalah sebuah cabang dari SS.
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-380-0069-37, Polen, Verhaftung von Juden, SD-Männer.jpg
Personel SD di Polandia
Tentang lembaga
Dibentuk1932
Lembaga pendahulu
  • Ic-Dienst 1931
Dibubarkan8 Mei 1945
JenisPelayanan Intelijensi
Wilayah hukum Jerman Nazi
Eropa yang diduduki
MarkasPrinz-Albrecht-Straße, Berlin
Karyawan6,482 sekitar Februari 1944[1]
Menteri
Pejabat eksekutif
Lembaga indukFlag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Allgemeine SS
RSHA

Setelah kekalahan Jerman pada Perang Dunia II, SD dideklarasikan sebagai sebuah organisasi kejahatan di Pengadilan Nuremberg, bersama dengan Reich Security Main Office yang dipimpin oleh Reinhard Heydrich (termasuk Gestapo) baik secara individual dan sebagai cabang dari SS dalam kolektif.[3] Pengganti Heydrich, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, dikenai hukuman mati karena kejahatan perang di Pengadilan Nuremberg dan digantung pada 1946.[4]

Daftar isi

SejarahSunting

SD adalah salah satu organisasi keamanan tertua dari SS dan pertama kali dibentuk pada 1931 dengan nama Ic-Dienst

 
Paspor Jerman yang dikeluarkan oleh SD di Norwegia, Maret 1945.

OrganisasiSunting

Pada 1933, organisasi tersebut dikenal sebagai SS SD-Amt dan pada 1934, menjadi organisasi keamanan resmi di Partai Nazi.

Lihat pulaSunting

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Robert Gellately. The Gestapo and German Society. Diakses tanggal 2009-06-02. 
  2. ^ McNab, Chris. The SS: 1923–1945, p. 41.
  3. ^ Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression (1946), pp. 91-102.
  4. ^ Weale (2012). Army of Evil: A History of the SS, pp. 410-411.

ReferensiSunting

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Templat:Organisasi SS Templat:Einsatzgruppen