SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamt

RSHA, atau Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Pusat Keamanan Utama Reich[2][3] atau Pusat Utama Keamanan Reich[4] atau Pusat Kepala Keamanan Reich[5]) adalah sebuah organisasi subordinat dari Heinrich Himmler dalam kapasitas gandanya sebagai Chef der Deutschen Polizei (Ketua Polisi Jerman) dan Reichsführer-SS. Organisasi tersebut digunakan untuk melawan seluruh "musuh-musuh Reich" di dalam dan di luar perbatasan Jerman Nazi.

RSHA
Reichssicherheitshauptamt
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg
Bendera SS. RSHA adalah sebuah pusat utama cabang dari SS.
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R98683, Reinhard Heydrich.jpg
Reinhard Heydrich, ketua RSHA, sebagai seorang SS-Gruppenführer pada Agustus 1940
Tentang lembaga
Dibentuk27 September 1939
Nomenklatur sebelumnya
Dibubarkan8 Mei 1945
JenisPolisi rahasia
Wilayah hukumBendera Nazi Jerman Jerman
Wilayah pendudukan Nazi di Eropa
Kantor pusatPrinz-Albrecht-Straße, Berlin
Pegawai50,648 sekitar Februari 1944[1]
Menteri
Pejabat eksekutif
Lembaga indukKementerian Dalam Negeri (secara nominal)
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Allgemeine SS
Lembaga bawahan

PembentukanSunting

RSHA dibuat oleh Reichsführer-SS Himmler pada 27 September 1939.

Lihat pulaSunting

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Robert Gellately. The Gestapo and German Society. Diakses tanggal 2 June 2009. 
  2. ^ McNab, Chris. The SS: 1923–1945, p. 41.
  3. ^ Le Tissier 2010, hlm. 179.
  4. ^ "Nuremberg Trial Proceedings, Vol 20, Day 194". Diakses tanggal 3 January 2009. 
  5. ^ Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich at War, p. 919.

Daftar pustakaSunting

  • Benz, Wolfgang. A Concise History of the Third Reich. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007.
  • Bracher, Karl D. The German Dictatorship: The Origins, Structure, and Effects of National Socialism. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970.
  • Broszat, Martin. The Hitler State: The Foundation and Development of the Internal Structure of the Third Reich. Harlow: Longmans, 1981
  • Burleigh, Michael. The Third Reich: A New History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.
  • Dülffer, Jost. Nazi Germany 1933-1945: Faith and Annihilation. London: Bloomsbury, 2009.
  • Evans, Richard J. The Coming of the Third Reich. New York: Penguin, 2005.
  • Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin, 2006.
  • Evans, Richard J. The Third Reich at War. New York: Penguin, 2010.
  • Fischer, Klaus. Nazi Germany: A New History. New York: Continuum, 1995.
  • Gregor, Neil, ed. Nazism. (Oxford Readers). New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Hildebrand, Klaus. The Third Reich. London & New York: Routledge, 1986.
  • Hilberg, Raul (2003). The Destruction of the European Jews, Third Edition, Yale Univ. Press, 1961.
  • Höhne, Heinz:
    • Der Orden unter dem Totenkopf: Die Geschichte der SS. (original).
    • The Order of the Death's Head: The Story of Hitler's SS. (Engl. edition of the above).
  • Leitz, Christian, ed. The Third Reich: The Essential Readings. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.
  • Longerich, Peter (2011). Heinrich Himmler: A Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-959232-6. 
  • Le Tissier, Tony (2010) [1999]. Race for the Reichstag: The 1945 Battle for Berlin. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-84884-230-4. 
  • Lumsden, Robin (2002). A Collector's Guide To: The Allgemeine – SS, Ian Allan Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-7110-2905-9.
  • Mazower, Mark. Hitler’s Empire: How the Nazis Ruled Europe. New York: Penguin, 2009.
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945, Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5.
  • Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression (1946). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Reitlinger, Gerald. The SS: Alibi of a Nation, 1922-1945. New York: Da Capo Press, 1989.
  • Rich, Norman. Hitler's War Aims: Ideology, the Nazi State, and the Course of Expansion. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1992.
  • Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Ballantine Books, 1988, [1961].
  • Speer, Albert. Inside the Third Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.
  • Wildt, Michael (2002). Generation of the Unbound: The Leadership Corps of the Reich Security Main Office, Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, (Engl., in original German, Hamburg: 2002). ISBN 965-308-162-4.
  • Wildt, Michael (2010). An Uncompromising Generation: The Nazi Leadership of the Reich Security Main Office. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Williams, Max (2001) (2003). Reinhard Heydrich: The Biography: Volumes 1 and 2, Ulric Publishing. ISBN 0-9537577-5-7 and ISBN 0-9537577-6-5.
  • Williamson, David G. The Third Reich. 3rd edition. London: Longman Publishers, 2002.

Pranala luarSunting

Templat:Organisasi SS Templat:Einsatzgruppen