Konversi satuan temperatur

(Dialihkan dari Rumus konversi suhu)

Ini adalah kumpulan formula konversi suhu dan perbandingan di antara delapan skala suhu yang berbeda, beberapa di antaranya telah lama usang.

RingkasanSunting

Perbandingan skala suhu
Kelvin Celsius Fahrenheit Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer
Nol mutlak 0.00 −273.15 −459.67 0.00 559.73 −90.14 −218.52 −135.90
Suhu permukaan terendah yang tercatat di Bumi[1] 184 −89.2[1] −128.6[1] 331 284 −29 −71 −39
Campuran es / garam Fahrenheit 255.37 −17.78 0.00 459.67 176.67 −5.87 −14.22 −1.83
Es mencair (pada tekanan standar) 273.15 0.00 32.00 491.67 150.00 0.00 0.00 7.50
Tiga titik air 273.16 0.01 32.018 491.688 149.985 0.0033 0.008 7.50525
Suhu permukaan rata-rata di Bumi 288 15 59 519 128 5 12 15
Rata-rata suhu tubuh manusia* 310 37 98 558 95 12 29 27
Suhu permukaan tertinggi yang terekam di Bumi[2] 331 58[2] 136.4[2] 596 63 19 46 38
Air mendidih (pada tekanan standar) 373.1339 99.9839 211.97102[3] 671.64102[3] 0.00 33.00 80.00 60.00
Titanium meleleh 1941 1668 3034 3494 −2352 550 1334 883
Permukaan Matahari 5800 5500 9900 10400 −8100 1800 4400 2900

* Suhu tubuh manusia normal adalah 36,8 °C ±0,7 °C, atau 98,2 °F ±1,3 °F. Nilai yang biasa diberikan (98,6 °F) hanyalah konversi tepat standar Jerman abad kesembilan belas dari 37 °C. Karena tidak mencantumkan rentang yang dapat diterima, maka dapat dikatakan memiliki kelebihan presisi (tidak valid).[4]

Beberapa angka dalam tabel ini telah dibulatkan.

Representasi grafisSunting

0 K / 0 °R (−273.15 °C)0 °F (−17.78 °C)150 °D32 °F7.5 °Rø0 °C / 0 °Ré / 0 °N212 °F100 °C80 °Ré60 °Rø33 °N0 °DBerkas:Comparison of temperature scales blank.svg 
Rankine (°R)
Kelvin (K)
Fahrenheit (°F)
Celsius (°C)
Réaumur (°Ré)
Rømer (°Rø)
Newton (°N)
Delisle (°D)
Nol mutlak Suhu permukaan terendah yang tercatat di Bumi[1] Campuran es / air / garam Fahrenheit Titik lebur es (pada tekanan standar) Suhu permukaan rata-rata di Bumi (15 °C) Rata-rata suhu tubuh manusia (37 °C) Suhu permukaan tertinggi yang direkam di Bumi[2] Titik didih air (pada tekanan standar)  

Dari kelvinSunting

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
Celsius °C = K − 273,15
Fahrenheit °F = K × 1,8 − 459,67
Rankine °Ra = K × 1,8
Delisle °De = (373,15 − K) × 1,5
Newton °N = (K − 273,15) × 33/100
Réaumur °Ré = (K − 273,15) × 0,8
Rømer °Rø = (K − 273,15) × 21/40 + 7,5

Dari CelsiusSunting

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °C + 273,15
Fahrenheit °F = °C × 1,8 + 32
Rankine °Ra = 1,8 × (°C + 491,67)
Delisle °De = (100 − °C) × 1,5
Newton °N = °C × 33/100
Réaumur °Ré = °C × 0,8
Rømer °Rø = °C × 21/40 + 7,5

Dari FahrenheitSunting

Skala yang dinginkan Formula
Kelvin K = (°F + 459,67) / 1,8
Celsius °C = (°F − 32) / 1,8
Rankine °Ra = °F + 459,67
Delisle °De = (212 − °F) × 5/6
Newton °N = (°F − 32) × 11/60
Réaumur °Ré = (°F − 32) x 0,44
Rømer °Rø = (°F − 32) × 7/24 + 7,5

Dari RankineSunting

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °Ra / 1,8
Celsius °C = °Ra / 1,8 + 273,15
Fahrenheit °F = °Ra - 459,67
Delisle °De = (671,67 − °Ra) × 5/6
Newton °N = (°Ra − 491,67) × 11/60
Réaumur °Ré = (°Ra / 1,8 + 273,15) × 0,8
Rømer °Rø = (°Ra − 491,67) × 7/24 + 7,5

Dari DelisleSunting

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = 373,15 − °De × 2/3
Celsius °C = 100 − °De × 2/3
Fahrenheit °F = 212 − °De × 1,2
Rankine °Ra = 671,67 − °De × 1,2
Newton °N = 33 − °De × 0,22
Réaumur °Ré = 80 − °De × 8/15
Rømer °Rø = 60 − °De × 0,35

Dari NewtonSunting

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °N × 100/33 + 273,15
Celsius °C = °N × 100/33
Fahrenheit °F = °N x 60/11 + 32
Rankine °Ra = °N × 60/11 + 491,67
Delisle °De = (33 − °N) × 50/11
Réaumur °Ré = °N × 80/33
Rømer °Rø = °N × 35/22 + 7,5

Dari RéaumurSunting

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = °Ré / 0,8 + 273,15
Celsius °C = °Ré / 0,8
Fahrenheit °F = °Ré × 2,25 + 32
Rankine °Ra = °Ré × 2,25 + 491,67
Delisle °De = (80 − °Ré) × 1,875
Newton °N = °Ré × 33/80
Rømer °Rø = °Ré × 21/32 + 7,5

Dari RømerSunting

Skala yang diinginkan Formula
kelvin K = (°Rø − 7,5) × 40/21 + 273.15
Celsius °C = (°Rø − 7,5) × 40/21
Fahrenheit °F = (°Rø − 7,5) × 24/7 + 32
Rankine °Ra = (°Rø − 7,5) × 24/7 + 491,67
Delisle °De = (60 − °Rø) × 20/7
Newton °N = (°Rø − 7,5) × 22/35
Réaumur °Ré = (°Rø − 7,5) × 32/21

PerbandinganSunting

Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer
500.00 932.00 773.15 1391.67 −600.00 165.00 400.00 270.00
490.00 914.00 763.15 1373.67 −585.00 161.70 392.00 264.75
480.00 896.00 753.15 1355.67 −570.00 158.40 384.00 259.50
470.00 878.00 743.15 1337.67 −555.00 155.10 376.00 254.25
460.00 860.00 733.15 1319.67 −540.00 151.80 368.00 249.00
450.00 842.00 723.15 1301.67 −525.00 148.50 360.00 243.75
440.00 824.00 713.15 1283.67 −510.00 145.20 352.00 238.50
430.00 806.00 703.15 1265.67 −495.00 141.90 344.00 233.25
420.00 788.00 693.15 1247.67 −480.00 138.60 336.00 228.00
410.00 770.00 683.15 1229.67 −465.00 135.30 328.00 222.75
400.00 752.00 673.15 1211.67 −450.00 132.00 320.00 217.50
390.00 734.00 663.15 1193.67 −435.00 128.70 312.00 212.25
380.00 716.00 653.15 1175.67 −420.00 125.40 304.00 207.00
370.00 698.00 643.15 1157.67 −405.00 122.10 296.00 201.75
360.00 680.00 633.15 1139.67 −390.00 118.80 288.00 196.50
350.00 662.00 623.15 1121.67 −375.00 115.50 280.00 191.25
340.00 644.00 613.15 1103.67 −360.00 112.20 272.00 186.00
330.00 626.00 603.15 1085.67 −345.00 108.90 264.00 180.75
320.00 608.00 593.15 1067.67 −330.00 105.60 256.00 175.50
310.00 590.00 583.15 1049.67 −315.00 102.30 248.00 170.25
300.00 572.00 573.15 1031.67 −300.00 99.00 240.00 165.00
290.00 554.00 563.15 1013.67 −285.00 95.70 232.00 159.75
280.00 536.00 553.15 995.67 −270.00 92.40 224.00 154.50
270.00 518.00 543.15 977.67 −255.00 89.10 216.00 149.25
260.00 500.00 533.15 959.67 −240.00 85.80 208.00 144.00
250.00 482.00 523.15 941.67 −225.00 82.50 200.00 138.75
240.00 464.00 513.15 923.67 −210.00 79.20 192.00 133.50
230.00 446.00 503.15 905.67 −195.00 75.90 184.00 128.25
220.00 428.00 493.15 887.67 −180.00 72.60 176.00 123.00
210.00 410.00 483.15 869.67 −165.00 69.30 168.00 117.75
200.00 392.00 473.15 851.67 −150.00 66.00 160.00 112.50
190.00 374.00 463.15 833.67 −135.00 62.70 152.00 107.25
180.00 356.00 453.15 815.67 −120.00 59.40 144.00 102.00
170.00 338.00 443.15 797.67 −105.00 56.10 136.00 96.75
160.00 320.00 433.15 779.67 −90.00 52.80 128.00 91.50
150.00 302.00 423.15 761.67 −75.00 49.50 120.00 86.25
140.00 284.00 413.15 743.67 −60.00 46.20 112.00 81.00
130.00 266.00 403.15 725.67 −45.00 42.90 104.00 75.75
120.00 248.00 393.15 707.67 −30.00 39.60 96.00 70.50
110.00 230.00 383.15 689.67 −15.00 36.30 88.00 65.25
100.00 212.00 373.15 671.67 0.00 33.00 80.00 60.00
90.00 194.00 363.15 653.67 15.00 29.70 72.00 54.75
80.00 176.00 353.15 635.67 30.00 26.40 64.00 49.50
70.00 158.00 343.15 617.67 45.00 23.10 56.00 44.25
60.00 140.00 333.15 599.67 60.00 19.80 48.00 39.00
50.00 122.00 323.15 581.67 75.00 16.50 40.00 33.75
40.00 104.00 313.15 563.67 90.00 13.20 32.00 28.50
30.00 86.00 303.15 545.67 105.00 9.90 24.00 23.25
20.00 68.00 293.15 527.67 120.00 6.60 16.00 18.00
10.00 50.00 283.15 509.67 135.00 3.30 8.00 12.75
0.00 32.00 273.15 491.67 150.00 0.00 0.00 7.50
−10.00 14.00 263.15 473.67 165.00 −3.30 −8.00 2.25
−20.00 −4.00 253.15 455.67 180.00 −6.60 −16.00 −3.00
−30.00 −22.00 243.15 437.67 195.00 −9.90 −24.00 −8.25
−40.00 −40.00 233.15 419.67 210.00 −13.20 −32.00 −13.50
−50.00 −58.00 223.15 401.67 225.00 −16.50 −40.00 −18.75
−60.00 −76.00 213.15 383.67 240.00 −19.80 −48.00 −24.00
−70.00 −94.00 203.15 365.67 255.00 −23.10 −56.00 −29.25
−80.00 −112.00 193.15 347.67 270.00 −26.40 −64.00 −34.50
−90.00 −130.00 183.15 329.67 285.00 −29.70 −72.00 −39.75
−100.00 −148.00 173.15 311.67 300.00 −33.00 −80.00 −45.00
−110.00 −166.00 163.15 293.67 315.00 −36.30 −88.00 −50.25
−120.00 −184.00 153.15 275.67 330.00 −39.60 −96.00 −55.50
−130.00 −202.00 143.15 257.67 345.00 −42.90 −104.00 −60.75
−140.00 −220.00 133.15 239.67 360.00 −46.20 −112.00 −66.00
−150.00 −238.00 123.15 221.67 375.00 −49.50 −120.00 −71.25
−160.00 −256.00 113.15 203.67 390.00 −52.80 −128.00 −76.50
−170.00 −274.00 103.15 185.67 405.00 −56.10 −136.00 −81.75
−180.00 −292.00 93.15 167.67 420.00 −59.40 −144.00 −87.00
−190.00 −310.00 83.15 149.67 435.00 −62.70 −152.00 −92.25
−200.00 −328.00 73.15 131.67 450.00 −66.00 −160.00 −97.50
−210.00 −346.00 63.15 113.67 465.00 −69.30 −168.00 −102.75
−220.00 −364.00 53.15 95.67 480.00 −72.60 −176.00 −108.00
−230.00 −382.00 43.15 77.67 495.00 −75.90 −184.00 −113.25
−240.00 −400.00 33.15 59.67 510.00 −79.20 −192.00 −118.50
−250.00 −418.00 23.15 41.67 525.00 −82.50 −200.00 −123.75
−260.00 −436.00 13.15 23.67 540.00 −85.80 −208.00 −129.00
−270.00 −454.00 3.15 5.67 555.00 −89.10 −216.00 −134.25
−273.15 −459.67 0.00 0.00 559.725 −90.1395 −218.52 −135.90375
Celsius Fahrenheit Kelvin Rankine Delisle Newton Réaumur Rømer

Tabel konversi antara unit suhu yang berbedaSunting

Templat:Timeline Temperature Conversion

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ a b c d The Coldest Inhabited Places on Earth; researchers of the Vostok Station recorded the coldest known temperature on Earth on July 21st 1983: −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F).
  2. ^ a b c d World: Highest Temperature Diarsipkan January 4, 2013, di Wayback Machine.; an Italian weather station in al 'Aziziyah (Libya) measured a temperature of 58 °C (136.4 °F) on September 13th 1922. "Although this record has gained general acceptance as the world's highest temperature recorded under standard conditions, the validity of the extreme has been questioned."
  3. ^ a b http://www.tampile.com/scales.php Tampile – Temperature Conversion Scales
  4. ^ "Temperature of a Healthy Human (Body Temperature)". Hypertextbook.com. Diakses tanggal 2018-06-07. 

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