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Orang Tionghoa di Papua Nugini

Orang Tionghoa di Papua Nugini membentuk sebuah komunitas yang sangat beragam. Hingga 2008, hanya sekitar 1,000 "Tionghoa lama"—orang keturunan kelahiran imigran akhir abad ke-19 dan awal abad ke-20—yang masih berada di negara tersebut karena sebagian besar telah berpindah ke Australia.[5] Namun, jumlah mereka meningkat secara siginfikan dengan kedatangan komunitas Tionghoa perantauan baru dari Asia Tenggara dan juga Tiongkok daratan.[6] Terdapat juga beberapa migran dari Republik Tiongkok di Taiwan.[7]

Orang Tionghoa di Papua Nugini
巴布亞新幾內亞華人
巴布亚新几内亚华人
Total populasi
5,000–20,000[1][2]
Bahasa
Tok Pisin dan Inggris; Kanton (beberapa orang yang berusia tua);[3] Mandarin (beberapa imigran baru)[4]
Agama
Kristen,[2] minoritas Buddha[4]
Kelompok etnis terkait
Tionghoa Australia

Tokoh terkenalSunting

ReferensiSunting

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Nelson 2007, hlm. 8
  2. ^ a b Chin 2008, hlm. 118
  3. ^ Wu 2005, hlm. 710
  4. ^ a b Ichikawa 2006, hlm. 120
  5. ^ Chin 2008, hlm. 124
  6. ^ Chin 2008, hlm. 119
  7. ^ Nelson 2007, hlm. 7
  8. ^ a b c Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Nelson 2007 p=3
  9. ^ Cahill 2006
  10. ^ Johns, Eric (2004-11-05), "Helping the Aussies", Post-Courier, Papua New Guinea, diakses tanggal 2009-02-13 
  11. ^ "Chinese in PNG feel brunt of Gaming machine crackdown", Radio New Zealand International, 2004-10-18, diakses tanggal 2009-02-12 

SumberSunting

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Cahill, Peter (1996), "Chinese in Rabaul, 1921–1942: normal practices or containing the yellow peril", Journal of Pacific History, 31: 72–91, doi:10.1080/00223349608572807 
  • Inglis, Christine (1972), "Chinese", dalam Ryan, Peter, Encyclopaedia of Papua and New Guinea, Carlton: Melbourne University Press, hlm. 170–74, ISBN 978-0-522-84025-4 
  • Inglis, Christine (1975), "Particularism in the economic organization of the Chinese in Papua New Guinea", Anthropological Forum, 4 (1): 69–76, doi:10.1080/00664677.1975.9967294 
  • Inglis, Christine (1978), Social Structure and Patterns of Economic Action: The Chinese in Papua New Guinea, Ph.D. dissertation, London School of Economics 
  • Inglis, Christine (1991), "Women and trade: a Chinese example from Papua New Guinea", dalam Baker, Hugh D.R.; Feuchtwang, Stephan, An old state in new settings: studies in the social anthropology of China: in memory of Maurice Freedman, Occasional Papers (8), United Kingdom: Anthropological Society of Oxford, hlm. 44–69, ISBN 978-1-870047-40-1 
  • Willson, Margaret (1987), "A History of the Chinese Business Community in Papua New Guinea", Research in Melanesia, 11-12: 26–33 
  • Willson, Margaret (1989), "The Trader's Voice: PNG-born Chinese Business and the 1987 Elections", dalam Oliver, M., Eleksin: The 1987 National Election in Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby: University of Papua New Guinea, hlm. 99–108, ISBN 978-9980-84-041-7 
  • Wu, David Y. H. (1974), "To Kill Three Birds with One Stone:the Rotating Credit Associations of the Papua New Guinea Chinese", American Ethnologist, 1 (3): 565–584, doi:10.1525/ae.1974.1.3.02a00110 
  • Wu, David Y. H. (1975), "Overseas Chinese Entrepreneurship and Kinship Transformation: an Example from Papua New Guinea", Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnology, Taipei: Academia Sinica, 39: 85–105 
  • Wu, David Y. H. (1977), "Ethnicity and Adaptation: Overseas Chinese Entrepreneurship in Papua New Guinea", Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science, 5 (1–2): 85–95, doi:10.1163/080382477X00074 
  • Wu, David Y. H. (1977), "Chinese as An Intrusive Language", dalam Wurm, S. A., Language, Culture, Society, and the Modern World, Fascicle 2, New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study, 3, Canberra: Australian National University, hlm. 1047–1055, ISBN 978-0-85883-159-9 
  • Wu, David Y. H. (1978), "The Chinese in New Guinea: The Adaptation of an Immigrant Population", dalam Watson-Gegeo, Karen Ann; Seaton, S. Lee, Adaptation and Symbolism: Essays on Social Organization, Honolulu: University Press of Hawai’i, hlm. 101–124 
  • Wu, David Y. H. (1982), The Chinese in Papua New Guinea, 1890–1990, Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, ISBN 978-962-201-255-4 
  • Wu, David Yen-ho (1998), "The Chinese in Papua New Guinea: Diaspora Culture of the late 20th Century", dalam Wang, Ling-chi; Wang, Gungwu, The Chinese Diaspora: Selected Essays, II, Singapore: Times Academic Press, hlm. 206–216