Operasi Babylift

Operasi Babylift adalah nama yang diberikan kepada evakuasi massal anak-anak dari Vietnam Selatan ke Amerika Serikat dan negara lainnya (yang meliputi Australia, Prancis, Jerman Barat, dan Kanada) pada akhir Perang Vietnam, pada 3–26 April 1975. Pada penerbangan Amerika terakhir dari Vietnam Selatan, lebih dari 3.300 bayi dan anak-anak dievakuasi, meskipun jumlah yang sebenarnya dilaporkan secara beragam.[1][2][3][4] Bersama dengan Operasi New Life, lebih dari 110.000 pengungsi dievakuasi dari Vietnam Selatan pada akhir Perang Vietnam. Ribuan anak diangkut dari Vietnam dan diadopsi oleh keluarga-keluarga di seluruh penjuru dunia.

Sebuah penerbangan Babylift datang ke San Francisco, 5 April 1975

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Martin, Allison, The Legacy of Operation Babylift, Adoption Today journal, Volume 2, Number 4 March 2000. "On April 3rd, a combination of private and military transport planes began to fly more children out of Vietnam as part of the operation. Numbers vary, but it appears that at least 2,000 children were flown to the United States and approximately 1,300 children were flown to Canada, Europe and Australia."
  2. ^ "People & Events: Operation Babylift (1975)", PBS, American Experience. "During the final days of the Vietnam War, the U.S. government began boarding Vietnamese children onto military transport planes bound for adoption by American, Canadian, European and Australian families. Over the next several weeks, Operation Babylift brought more than 3300 children out of Vietnam."
  3. ^ Operation Babylift, PBS, Precious Cargo documentary. "At least 2,700 children were flown to the United States and approximately 1,300 children were flown to Canada, Europe and Australia. Service organizations such as Holt International Children's Services, Friends of Children of Viet Nam and Catholic Relief Service coordinated the flights."
  4. ^ United States Agency for International Development, Operation Babylift Report (Emergency Movement of Vietnamese and Cambodian Orphans for Intercountry Adoption, April - June 1975) Diarsipkan 2008-12-06 di Wayback Machine., Washington, DC, pp. 1-2, 5, 6, 9-10, 11-12, 13-14. "Orphans Processed: Information obtained from the adoption agencies or processing centers indicates that a total of 2,547 orphans were processed under Operation Babylift. Of this total, 602 went on to other countries, leaving a total of 1,945 in the United States."

Bacaan tambahanSunting

Rujukan mediaSunting

  • Operation Babylift: The Lost Children of Vietnam is a documentary released in 2009 about the adoptees and volunteers as they examine their lives and the effects of this historic mission on their lives nearly 35 years later.
  • Daughter from Đà Nẵng is a 2002 documentary film about an Amerasian woman who returns to visit her biological family in Đà Nẵng, Vietnam after 22 years of separation and living in the United States, having been taken out of Vietnam as a child in Operation Babylift.
  • Precious Cargo - a 2001 documentary film on Operation Babylift and the return of eight adoptees twenty five years later
  • "Operation Babylift: The case of the disappearing orphans," by Helen Jacobus. Cover story of the New Statesman (London), May 11, 1984. pages 8–10; and follow-up story, "Mother Courage of Vietnam finds son in UK," by Jane Thomas, New Statesman, July 20, 1984, page 4.

Pranala luarSunting

Koordinat: 10°50′38″N 106°42′07″E / 10.8439°N 106.702°E / 10.8439; 106.702