Mohammed Abdullah Hassan

Sayid Mohamed Abdullah Hassan (bahasa Somali: Sayid Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan; (1868 – 1920) adalah seorang pemimpin agama dan patriotik Somali. Ia mendirikan gerakan Dervish di Khaatumo yang berjuang dalam perang 20 tahun melawan Inggris, Italia dan Etiopia.

Sayyid Muhammad `Abd Allāh al-Hasan
Sayid Maxamed Cabdille Xasan
محمّد عبد اللّه حسن
Sayyid Mohammed Abdullah Hassan.jpeg
Lahir1868
Buuhoodle, Somaliland
Meninggal21 Desember 1920 (usia 52)
Imi, Ogaden
Nama lainMAH[1]
Sayyid Mah[1]
Mad Mullah
Bapak bangsa Somali[2] Sayyid
Amir Somali
OrganisasiGerakan Dervish
Dikenal atasPemimpin gerakan Dervish

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ a b Abbink, GJ (2003). Dervishes,'moryaan'and freedom fighters: cycles of rebellion and the fragmentation of Somali society, 1900-2000. hlm. 38. formally declared by Sayyid Mohammed 'Abdulle Hassan (1864-1920), (abbreviated as MAH) 
  2. ^ Abdi, Abdi Abdulqadir Sheik. "Divine madness: Mohammed Abdulle Hassan (1856–1920)." (1993).

ReferensiSunting

  • Abdisalam Issa-Salwe, The Failure of The Daraawiish State, The Clash Between Somali Clanship and State System, paper presented at the 5th International Congress of Somali Studies, December 1993 [1]
  • Abdi Sheik Abdi, Divine Madness: Mohammed Abdulle Hassan (1856–1920), Zed Books Ltd., London, 1993
  • Battersby, Henry Francis Prevost. Richard Corfield of Somaliland (1914), ASIN: B000WFUQT8.
  • Jaamac Cumar Ciise, Taariikhdii Daraawiishta iyo Sayid Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan, (1895–1921), Wasaaradda Hiddaha iyo Tacliinta Sare, edited by Akadeemiyaha Dhaqanka, Mogadishu, 1976.
  • Jardine, Douglas J., The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, H. Jenkins, 1923.
  • McNeill, Malcolm, In Pursuit of the 'Mad' Mullah, 1902.
  • Said S. Samatar, Oral Poetry and Somali Nationalism: The Case of Sayyid Mahammad Abdille Hasan, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982 (analyzes Mahammad Abdille's poetry and assesses his nationalist and literary contributions to the Somali heritage)
  • Silberman, Leo. "The 'mad' Mullah: Hero Of Somali Nationalism." History Today (Aug 1960) 10#8 pp 523-534.
  • Skoulding, F.A. With 'Z' Unit in Somaliland, RAF Quarterly 2, no.3, (July 1931), pp. 387–396.
  • Swayne, H.G.C., Seventeen Trips through Somaliland and a visit to Abyssinia: With Supplementary preface on the 'Mad Mullah' risings, 1903.