Lê Thánh Tông

Lê Thánh Tông (25 Agustus 1442 – 3 Maret 1497), nama pribadi Lê Hạo, nama kuil Thánh Tông, nama kehormatan Tư Thành, adalah kaisar Đại Việt dari 1460 sampai 1497, penguasa kelima dari Wangsa Lê dan merupakan salah satu penguasa terbesar dalam sejarah Vietnam. Ia meraih kekuasaan melalui kudeta melawan saudara keduanya Lê Nghi Dân pada 1460. Masa pemerintahannya dikenal karena reformasi administratif,militer, pendidikan dan fiskal, dan revolusi kebudayaan yang menggantikan aristokrasi tradisional lama dengan generasi cendekiawan sastra. Eranya disebut sebagai masa kemakmuran Hồng Đức.

Lê Thánh Tông
黎聖宗
Kaisar Đại Việt
Lê Thánh Tông.jpg
Kaisar Dinasti Le ke-5
Berkuasa26 Juni 1460 – 3 Maret 1497 (36 tahun, 250 hari)
PendahuluLê Nghi Dân
PenerusLê Hiến Tông
LahirLê Tư Thành ()
(1442-08-25)25 Agustus 1442
Wafat3 Maret 1497(1497-03-03) (umur 54)
Pemakaman
Makam Chiêu, Lam Kinh [vi], Đại Việt
DinastiWangsa Lê
Nama lengkap
Lê Tư Thành (黎思誠)
Nama dan tanggal periode
Quang Thuận (光順): 1460–1469
Hồng Đức (洪德): 1470–1497
Nama anumerta
Sùng Thiên Quảng Vận Cao Minh Quang Chính Chí Đức Đại Công Thánh Văn Thần Vũ Đạt Hiếu Thuần Hoàng đế
(崇天廣運高明光正至德大功聖文神武達孝淳皇帝)
Nama kuil
Thánh Tông (聖宗)
AyahLê Thái Tông
IbuNgô Thị Ngọc Dao
PasanganNguyễn Thị Huyên
Anak
  • Putra Mahkota Lê Tranh
  • Pangeran Lê Tân
  • Pangeran Le Tung
  • Pangeran Lê Tranh
  • Pangeran Lê Cảo
  • Pangeran Lê Thông
  • Pangeran Lê Táo
  • Pangeran Lê Tương
  • Putri Lê Thanh Toại
  • Pangeran Lê Chiêu
  • Pangeran Lê Cảnh
  • Pangeran Lê Thoan
  • Pangeran Lê Kinh
  • Pangeran Lê Kiện
  • Putri Lê Oánh Ngọc
  • Putri Lê Minh Kính
  • Putri Lê Triệt San
  • Putri Lê Bính Hiểu
  • Putri Lê Lan Khuê
  • Putri Lê Bảo Huyền
  • Putri Lê Lệ Khanh
  • Putri Lê Lan Đường
  • Putri Lê Cẩm Thương
  • Putri Lê Mỹ Thuần
Nama pribadi
Bahasa Vietnam Lê Hạo
Hán-Nôm
Nama kuil
Alfabet Vietnam Lê Thánh Tông
Hán-Nôm

ReferensiSunting

KutipanSunting

SumberSunting

  • The first part of this history is based on the doctoral thesis of John K. Whitmore "The Development of the Le Government in Fifteenth Century Vietnam" (Cornell University, 1968). The thesis is mostly concerned with the structure and make-up of the Le government from 1427 to 1471.
  • The second part is based in part on the Library of Congress Country studies for Vietnam
  • Aung-Thwin, Michael Arthur; Hall, Kenneth (2011). New Perspectives on the History and Historiography of Southeast Asia. Taylor & Francis. 
  • Baldanza, Kathlene (2016). Ming China and Vietnam: Negotiating Borders in Early Modern Asia. Cambridge University Press. 
  • Bridgman, Elijah Coleman (1840). Chronology of Tonkinese Kings. Harvard University. hlm. 205–212. ISBN 978-1-377-64408-0. 
  • Buttinger, Joseph (1967). Vietnam: a Dragon Embattled: Vietnam at war. Praeger. 
  • Coedès, George (2015), The Making of South East Asia (RLE Modern East and South East Asia), Taylor & Francis 
  • Hall, Kenneth (1999), "Economic History of Early Southeast Asia", dalam Tarling, Nicholas, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: Volume 1, From Early Times to c.1800, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 
  • ——— (2011). A History of Early Southeast Asia: Maritime Trade and Societal Development, 100–1500. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-0-742-56762-7. 
  • Kiernan, Ben (2019). Việt Nam: a history from earliest time to the present. Oxford University Press. 
  • Lary, Diana (2007). Diana Lary, ed. The Chinese State at the Borders (edisi ke-illustrated). UBC Press. ISBN 978-0774813334. 
  • Li, Tana (2018). Nguyen Cochinchina: Southern Vietnam in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Cornell University Press. 
  • Lieberman, Victor (2003). Strange Parallels: Integration of the Mainland Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800-1830, Vol 1. Cambridge University Press. 
  • Maspero, Georges (2002). The Champa Kingdom. White Lotus Co., Ltd. ISBN 978-9-747-53499-3. 
  • Miksic, John Norman; Yian, Goh Geok (2016). Ancient Southeast Asia. Routledge. 
  • SarDesai, D. R. (1988). Vietnam, Trials and Tribulations of a Nation. Long Beach Publications. 
  • Simms, Sanda (2013). The Kingdoms of Laos: Six Hundred Years of History. Taylor & Francis. 
  • Smith, R.B.; Williams, B. (2014). Pre-Communist Indochina. Taylor & Francis. 
  • Sun, Laichen (2006), "Chinese Gunpowder Technology and Đại Việt, ca. 1390–1497", dalam Reid, Anthony; Tran, Nhung Tuyet, Viet Nam: Borderless Histories, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, hlm. 72–120, ISBN 978-1-316-44504-4 
  • Taylor, Keith Weller (1983). The Birth of the Vietnam. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-07417-0. 
  • ——— (1999), "The early kingdoms", dalam Tarling, Nicholas, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: Volume 1, From Early Times to c.1800, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 
  • ——— (2012), "Vietnamese Confucian Narratives", dalam Elman, Benjamin A.; Duncan, John B.; Ooms, Herman, Rethinking Confucianism: Past and Present in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, Los Angeles: UCLA Asian Pacific Monograph Series, hlm. 337–369 
  • ——— (2013). A History of the Vietnamese. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-87586-8. 
  • Tsai, Shih-shan Henry (1996). The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. SUNY Presss. ISBN 0-791-42687-4. 
  • Loke, Alexander; Chen-Wishart, Mindy; Vogenauer, Stefan, ed. (2018). Formation and Third Party Beneficiaries. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-192-53564-1. 
  • Yi, Insun (2006), "Lê Văn Hưu and Ngô Sĩ Liên: A Comparison of Their Perception of Vietnamese History", dalam Reid, Anthony; Tran, Nhung Tuyet, Viet Nam: Borderless Histories, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, hlm. 45–71 
  • Wade, Geoff (2005), Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, diakses tanggal 6 November 2012 
  • ———; Sun, Laichen (2010). Southeast Asia in the Fifteenth Century: The China Factor. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 978-9971-69-448-7. 
  • Wang, Gungwu (1998), "Ming foreign relations: Southeast Asia", dalam Twitchett, Denis Crispin; Fairbank, John K., The Cambridge History of China: Volume 8, The Ming Dynasty, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, hlm. 301–332, ISBN 0-521-24333-5 
  • Whitmore, John K. (1970a). "Vietnamese Historical Sources: For the Reign of Le Thanh-tong (1460-1497)". The Journal of Asian Studies. 29: 373–394 – via JSTOR. 
  • ——— (1970b). Vietnamese Adaptations of Chinese Government Structure in the Fifteeth Century. Southeast Asia Studies, Yale University. 
  • ——— (1984). "Social Organization and Confucian Thought in Vietnam". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 15: 296–306 – via JSTOR. 
  • ——— (1992). "The Tao-Đàn Group: Poetry, Cosmology, and the State in the Hồng-Đức Period (1470-1497)". Crossroads: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 7: 55–70 – via JSTOR. 
  • ——— (2004). "The Two Great Campaigns of the Hong-Duc Era (1470–97) in Dai Viet". South East Asia Research. 12: 119–136 – via JSTOR. 
  • ——— (2011), "Vân Đồn, the "Mạc Gap" and the End of Jiaozhi Ocean system: Trade and state of Đại Việt, Circa 1450-1550", dalam Li, Tana; Anderson, James A.; Cooke, Nola, The Tongking Gulf Through History, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, hlm. 101–116 
  • ——— (2016), "The Emergence of the state of Vietnam", dalam Peterson, Willard J., The Cambridge History of China: Volume 9, The Ch'ing Dynasty to 1800, Part 2, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, hlm. 197–233 
  • Woodside, Alexander (2009). Lost Modernities: China, Vietnam, Korea, and the Hazards of World History. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-67404-534-3. 

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Maybon, Charles B.; Russier, Henri (1921), Lectures Sur L'histoire D'Annam: Depuis L'avènement Des Lê Suivies de Notions Élémentaires D'administration, Impr. d'Extrême-Orient 
Didahului oleh:
Lê Nghi Dân
Kaisar Đại Việt
(memerintah dari 1460 sampai 1497)

1442–1497
Diteruskan oleh:
Lê Hiến Tông