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5.643 bita ditambahkan ,  4 tahun yang lalu
== Penyebaran ==
=== Penyebaran budak ===
[[Berkas:SlavePopulationUS1860.jpg|thumb|right|Persentase budak di setiap ''county'' di negara-negara bagian berbudak tahun 1860]]
{| border="1" cellpadding="6" cellspacing="0" style="float:left; margin:0 0 0 1em; background:#fff; border:1px #aaa solid; border-collapse:collapse; text-align:right; font-size:95%;"
|- style="text-align:center; background: #efefef; border-bottom:2px solid gray;"
! Sensus<br>Tahun !! # Budak !! # Berkulit<br> hitam bebas!! Total<br>berkulit hitam!! % Berkulit<br>hitam bebas!!Penduduk <br>total AS!! % Total<br>berkulit hitam
|-
| 1790 || 697.681 || 59.527 || 757.208 || 8% || 3.929.214 || 19%
|-
| 1800 || 893.602 || 108.435 || 1.002.037 || 11% || 5.308.483 || 19%
|-
| 1810 || 1.191.362 || 186.446 || 1.377.808 || 14% || 7.239.881 || 19%
|-
| 1820 || 1.538.022 || 233.634 || 1.771.656 || 13% || 9.638.453 || 18%
|-
| 1830 || 2.009.043 || 319.599 || 2.328.642 || 14% || 12.860.702 || 18%
|-
| 1840 || 2.487.355 || 386.293 || 2.873.648 || 13% || 17.063.353 || 17%
|-
| 1850 || 3.204.313 || 434.495 || 3.638.808 || 12% || 23.191.876 || 16%
|-
| 1860 || 3.953.760 || 488.070 || 4.441.830 || 11% || 31.443.321 || 14%
|-
| 1870 || 0 ||4.880.009|| 4.880.009 || 100% || 38.558.371 || 13%
|-
| colspan="7" style="text-align:center;"|Sumber:<ref>{{cite web |url=http://thomaslegioncherokee.tripod.com/distributionofslavesinunitedstateshistory.html |accessdate=13 Mei 2010 |title=Distribution of Slaves in US History}}</ref>
|}
{{-}}
 
[[Berkas:US-SlaveryPercentbyState1790-1860.svg|thumb|right|Perkembangan populasi budak di AS sebagai persentase dari penduduk total di setiap negara bagian, 1790–1860]]
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="text-align:right; margin:0 0 0 1em; background:#fff; border:1px #aaa solid; border-collapse:collapse; text-align:right; font-size:80%;"
|+ '''Populasi Total Budak di AS, 1790–1860, menurut negara bagian'''<ref>
{{cite web
|url=http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/php/newlong.php
|title=Populasi Total Budak di AS, 1790–1860, menurut negara bagian
|accessdate=28 Desember 2007}}
</ref>
|- style="text-align:center; background: #efefef; border-bottom:2px solid gray;"
! Sensus<br>Year !! 1790 !! 1800 !! 1810 !! 1820 !! 1830 !! 1840 !! 1850 !! 1860
|-
!align=left| All States || 694.207 || 887.612 || 1.130.781 || 1.529.012 || 1.987.428 || 2.482.798 || 3.200.600 || 3.950.546
|-
|align=left| Alabama || – || – || – || 47.449 || 117.549 || 253.532 || 342.844 || 435.080
|-
|align=left| Arkansas || – || – || – || – || 4.576 || 19.935 || 47.100 || 111.115
|-
|align=left| California || – || – || – || – || – || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| Connecticut || 2.648 || 951 || 310 || 97 || 25 || 54 || – || –
|-
|align=left| Delaware || 8.887 || 6.153 || 4.177 || 4.509 || 3.292 || 2.605 || 2.290 || 1.798
|-
|align=left| Florida || – || – || – || – || – || 25.717 || 39.310 || 61.745
|-
|align=left| Georgia || 29.264 || 59.699 || 105.218 || 149.656 || 217.531 || 280.944 || 381.682 || 462.198
|-
|align=left| Illinois || – || – || – || 917 || 747 || 331 || – || –
|-
|align=left| Indiana || – || – || – || 190 || 3 || 3 || – || –
|-
|align=left| Iowa || – || – || – || – || – || 16 || – || –
|-
|align=left| Kansas || – || – || – || – || – || – || – || 2
|-
|align=left| Kentucky || 12.430 || 40.343 || 80.561 || 126.732 || 165.213 || 182.258 || 210.981 || 225.483
|-
|align=left| Louisiana || – || – || – || 69.064 || 109.588 || 168.452 || 244.809 || 331.726
|-
|align=left| Maine || – || – || – || – || 2 || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| Maryland || 103.036 || 105.635 || 111.502 || 107.398 || 102.994 || 89.737 || 90.368 || 87.189
|-
|align=left| Massachusetts || – || – || – || – || 1 || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| Michigan || – || – || – || – || 32 || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| Minnesota || – || – || – || – || – || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| Mississippi || – || – || – || 32.814 || 65.659 || 195.211 || 309.878 || 436.631
|-
|align=left| Missouri || – || – || – || 10.222 || 25.096 || 58.240 || 87.422 || 114.931
|-
|align=left| Nebraska || – || – || – || – || – || – || – || 15
|-
|align=left| Nevada || – || – || – || – || – || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| New Hampshire || 157 || 8 || – || – || 3 || 1 || – || –
|-
|align=left| New Jersey || 11.423 || 12.422 || 10.851 || 7.557 || 2.254 || 674 || 236 || 18
|-
|align=left| New York || 21.193 || 20.613 || 15.017 || 10.088 || 75 || 4 || – || –
|-
|align=left| North Carolina || 100.783 || 133.296 || 168.824 || 205.017 || 245.601 || 245.817 || 288.548 || 331.059
|-
|align=left| Ohio || – || – || – || – || 6 || 3 || – || –
|-
|align=left| Oregon || – || – || – || – || – || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| Pennsylvania || 3.707 || 1.706 || 795 || 211 || 403 || 64 || – || –
|-
|align=left| Rhode Island || 958 || 380 || 108 || 48 || 17 || 5 || – || –
|-
|align=left| South Carolina || 107.094 || 146.151 || 196.365 || 251.783 || 315.401 || 327.038 || 384.984 || 402.406
|-
|align=left| Tennessee || – || 13.584 || 44.535 || 80.107 || 141.603 || 183.059 || 239.459 || 275.719
|-
|align=left| Texas || – || – || – || – || – || – || 58.161 || 182.566
|-
|align=left| Vermont || – || – || – || – || – || – || – || –
|-
|align=left| Virginia || 292.627 || 346.671 || 392.518 || 425.153 || 469.757 || 449.087 || 472.528 || 490.865
|-
|align=left| Wisconsin || – || – || – || – || – || 11 || 4 || –
|}
 
=== Penyebaran pemilik budak ===