Giulia Grisi

Giulia Grisi[1] (22 Mei 181129 November 1869)[2] merupakan seorang penyanyi opera Italia. Dia sering tampil di Eropa, Amerika Serikat dan Amerika Selatan dan merupakan salah satu penyanyi sopran terkemuka pada abad ke-19.[3][4]

Giulia Grisi
Makam Giulia Grisi

Suami keduanya adalah Giovanni Matteo De Candia (juga dikenal dengan nama samaran "Mario"), keturunan keluarga bangsawan Kerajaan Sardinia. Dia dimakamkan di Pemakaman Père Lachaise, Paris. Makamnya ditandai "Juliette de Candia", ditata dengan nama belakangnya setelah menikah.

ReferensiSunting

Catatan

  1. ^ National Portrait Gallery | Giulia Grisi | https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/person/mp52371
  2. ^ "Grisi, Giulia" by Elizabeth Forbes, Grove Music Online; 28 Juli is occasionally reported as her birthday; that date is the birthday of her sister Giuditta.
  3. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. ?
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia and The New Grove Dictionary of Opera contain some errors about the tenor "Mario". See also: Beale 1890; De Candia and Hird 1910; Engel 1886, pp. 332 and 336–337; and Floris and Serra 1986.

Sumber

  • Beale, Thomas Willert (1890), The Light of Other Days, London: Richard Bentley and Son
  • Chisholm, Hugh (ed.) (1911), Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh edition). Cambridge University Press
  • De Candia, Cecilia Pearse; Frank Hird (1910), The Romance of a Great Singer. A Memoir of Mario, London: Smith and Elder & Co.
  • Engel, Louis (1886), From Mozart to Mario, London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1886, pp. 332 and 336–337;
  • Floris, Francesco; Sergio Serra (1986), Storia della nobiltà in Sardegna, Cagliari, Ed, della Torre .
  • Kendall-Davies, Barbara (2003), The Life and Work of Pauline Viardot Garcia: The years of fame, 1836–1863, ed. Cambridge Scholars Press.

Pranala luarSunting