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Debat mengenai pengeboman Hiroshima dan Nagasaki

Awan jamur Fat Man muncul dari peledakan nuklir pada saat serangan di Nagasaki

Debat mengenai pengeboman Hiroshima dan Nagasaki terkait dengan kontroversi ethika, legal dan militer atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki yang dilakukan oleh Amerika Serikat pada tanggal 6 Agustus dan 9 Agustus 1945 demi mengakhiri Perang Dunia Kedua (1939–45). Di satu sisi dianggap sudah tepat karena terbukti membuat Jepang menyerah, namun di sisi yang lain dianggap tidak tepat karena banyaknya korban sipil yang berjatuhan.

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Catatan
Daftar pustaka
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Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Allen, Thomas B. and Polmar, Norman (1995). Code-Name Downfall: The Secret Plan to Invade Japan And Why Truman Dropped the Bomb. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80406-9. 
Concludes the bombings were justified.
Weighs whether the bombings were justified or necessary, concludes they were not.
  • Bernstein, Barton J. (Editor) (1976). The Atomic Bomb: The Critical Issues. Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-09192-8. 
Weighs whether the bombings were justified or necessary.
"The thing had to be done", but "Circumstances are heavy with misgiving."
Explains the conflicts and debates within the Japanese government from the onset of World War II until surrender. Concludes the bombings were justified.
  • Feis, Herbert (1961). Japan Subdued: The Atomic Bomb and the End of the War in the Pacific. Princeton University Press. 
Concludes that the bombs were not only necessary, but legally and morally acceptable (1966 reprint).
Major work, concludes that the bombs were morally reprehensible, but influential on the surrender and understandable given the circumstances.
Exceedingly Orthodox article, defends the bomb but not a serious academic work.
Philosophical/moral discussion concerning the Allied strategy of area bombing in World War II, including the use of atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Concludes that the atomic bombings were unnecessary. Challenges the view that that the atomic bombings were necessary to end the Pacific War and save lives.
Argues the bombs were not the deciding factor in ending the war. The Russian entrance into the Pacific war was the primary cause for Japan's surrender.
Here he sharpens his earlier view that the Russian entrance into the Pacific war was the primary cause for Japan's surrender.
  • Maddox, Robert James (1995). Weapons for Victory: The Hiroshima Decision. University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0-8262-1562-9. 
Author is a diplomatic historian who favors Truman's decision to drop the atomic bombs.
  • Newman, Robert P. (1995). Truman and the Hiroshima Cult. Michigan State University Press. ISBN 0-87013-403-5. 
An analysis critical of postwar opposition to the atom bombings.
  • Nobile, Philip (Editor) (1995). Judgement at the Smithsonian. Marlowe and Company. ISBN 1-56924-841-9. 
Covers the controversy over the content of the 1995 Smithsonian Institution exhibition associated with the display of the Enola Gay; includes complete text of the planned (and canceled) exhibition.
  • Takaki, Ronald (1995). Hiroshima: Why America Dropped the Atomic Bomb. Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-83124-7. 

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