Daftar gempa bumi di Ekuador

Daftar gempa bumi di Ekuador adalah daftar gempa bumi terkenal yang telah mempengaruhi Ekuador dalam sejarah yang tercatat.

Daftar gempa bumi terkenalSunting

Tanggal Waktu‡ Tempat Lintang Bujur Korban Magnitude Comments Sources
4 February 1797 12:30 Riobamba

see Gempa bumi Riobamba 1797

-1.6 -78.6 6,000-40,000 8.3 ML [1]
15 August 1868 19:30 Provinsi Carchi
0.81 -77.72 8.0 Ms [2]
16 August 1868 06:30 Ibarra
0.31 -78.18 40,000+ 7.7 Ms
31 January 1906 15:36 Esmeraldas


1.0 -81.5 ~1,000 8.8 Mw Triggered a large tsunami that caused at least 500 casualties on the coast of Colombia [3]
14 May 1942 21:13 Pedernales -0.1 -79.9 N/A 7.8 ML [4]
5 August 1949 19:08 Ambato

see Gempa bumi Ambato 1949

-1.5 -78.2 5,050 6.8 ML [5]
19 January 1958 09:09 Esmeraldas


-1.5 -79.5 11 7.6 Ms [6]
12 December 1979 02:59 Tumaco

see Gempa bumi Tumaco 1979

-1.5 -79.5 300-600 8.2 Ms Offshore quake generated tsunami, disaster split between Ecuador and Colombia coasts.
6 March 1987 01:54 & 04:10 Provinsi Napo

see Gempa bumi Ekuador 1987

0.09 -77.37 ~300 6.1 & 6.9 Ms [7]
4 August 1998 13:59 Bahia de Caraquez, Manabi
-.593 -80.393 3 7.2 Mw [8]
12 August 2010 11:54:16 145 km timur Riobamba -1.260 -77.312 7.1 Mw Intermediate focus earthquake (211 km) within the Nazca Plate, a result of normal faulting, causing slight damage over a wide area [9][10]
16 April 2016 18:58 Gempa bumi Ekuador 2016 0.371 -79.940 676 7.8 Mw 20.6 km depth; shallow thrust fault. Severe economic damage, more than 27,000 people were injured. [11][12]

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Diakses tanggal 20 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Giesecke, A.; Capera A.A.G.; Leschiutta I.; Migliorini E.; Valverde L.R. (2004). "The CERESIS earthquake catalogue and database of the Andean Region: background, characteristics and examples of use" (PDF). Annals of Geophysics. 47 (2/3): 421–435. Diakses tanggal 22 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Mendoza, C.; Dewey J.W. (1984). "Seismicity associated with the great Colombia-Ecuador earthquakes of 1942, 1958, and 1979: Implications for barrier models of earthquake rupture". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 74 (2): 577–593. Diakses tanggal 2010-03-07. 
  4. ^ "M7.8 - Ecuador". 
  5. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Diakses tanggal 22 August 2010. 
  6. ^ Paula Dunbar. "Significant Earthquake". 
  7. ^ "Officials Fear Quake Killed 300 in Ecuador". LA Times. Reuters. Diakses tanggal 18 April 2016. 
  8. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Diakses tanggal 22 February 2011. 
  9. ^ USGS (20 August 2010). "Magnitude 7.1 - ECUADOR 12 August 2010 11:54:16 UTC". Diakses tanggal 24 August 2010. 
  10. ^ USGS (20 August 2010). "2010 August 12 11:54:16 UTC Earthquake Details". Diakses tanggal 22 August 2010. 
  11. ^ USGS (16 April 2016). "M7.8 - 27km SSE of Muisne, Ecuador". Diakses tanggal 16 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "Rescue goes slowly in Ecuador after 7.8 quake; death toll tops 400, expected to rise further". 18 April 2016. Diakses tanggal 18 April 2016.