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John Chester Brooks Morris (lahir 16 Februari 1901 – meninggal 11 September 1970 pada umur 69 tahun) adalah aktor panggung, film, radio, dan televisi berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat. Dia telah bermain di beberapa film prestisius di awal kariernya, dan dinominasikan di ajang penghargaan Academy Award. Chester Morris adalah aktor yang paling dikenang yang pernah berperan sebagai Boston Blackie, seorang penjahat yang menjadi detektif, dalam a criminal-turned-detective, dalam serial film Blackie dasawarsa 1940-an.

Chester Morris
Chester Morris in Corsair.jpg
in Corsair (1931)
LahirJohn Chester Brooks Morris
(1901-02-16)16 Februari 1901
New York City, New York, U.S.
Meninggal11 September 1970(1970-09-11) (umur 69)
New Hope, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Sebab meninggalBarbiturate overdose
PekerjaanActor
Tahun aktif1917–1970
Suami/istri
  • Suzanne Kilbourne
    (married 1926–1940)
  • Lillian Kenton Barker
    (married 1940–1970)
Anak3
Orang tuaWilliam Morris
Etta Hawkins

Kehidupan awalSunting

 
Morris and Mae Marsh in The Beloved Traitor (1918)

Chester Morris yang memiliki nama asli John Chester Brooks Morris lahir di New York City, salah satu putera dari empat bersaudara dari aktor Teater Broadway William Morris dan komedian panggung Etta Hawkins.[1] Morris keluar dari sekolah dan mengawali kariernya di Teater Broadway pada usia 15 tahun, bermain dalam karya Lionel Barrymore berjudul The Copperhead.[2] Dia mengawali debutnya di ranah perfilman melalui film bisu bergenre drama komedi An Amateur Orphan (1917).[3]

Setelah tampil di beberapa prouksi Broadway awal dasawarsa 1920-an, Morris bergabung dengan orangtuanya, saudara perempuannya, dan dua saudara laki-lakinya, Gordon dan Adrian (yang juga menjadi aktof film), dalam sirkuit vaudeville.[4] Keluarga ini bermain dalam sebuah sketsa komedi berjudul "The Horrors of Home". Morris pentas keliling bersama keluarganya selama dua tahun sebelum kembali ke Broadway dengan menerima peran dalam naskah The Home Towners (1926) dan Yellow (1927). Selagi tampil dalam pertunjukan tahun 1927 berjudul Crime, Morris di ditemukan oleh agen pemandu bakat dan menandatangani kontrak untuk bermain film.[1]

Sebagai aktor teaterSunting

Morris (second from right) received an Oscar nomination for his performance as a gangster in Alibi (1929)
Morris and Wallace Beery in The Big House (1930)
Date Title Role Notes
February 18 – June 1918 Copperhead, TheThe Copperhead Carter, SamSam Carter Shubert Theatre, New York City[5]
September 22 – October 1918 Thunder Disbrow, SamSam Disbrow Criterion Theatre, New York City[5]
December 12, 1921 – April 1922 Mountain Man, TheThe Mountain Man Carey Maxine Elliott Theatre, New York City[5]
September 22 – October 1922 Exciters, TheThe Exciters Dalrymple, LexingtonLexington Dalrymple Times Square Theater, New York City[5]
January 23 – February 1923 Extra King, WallaceWallace King Longacre Theatre, New York City[5]
August 23 – October 1926 Home Towners, TheThe Home Towners Calhoon, WalyWaly Calhoon Hudson Theatre, New York City[5]
September 21, 1926 – January 1927 Yellow Parker, ValVal Parker National Theatre, New York City[5]
February 22 – August 1927 Crime Morse, RockyRocky Morse Eltinge 42nd Street Theatre, New York City[5]
February 20 – May 1928 Whispering Friends Sheeler, AlAl Sheeler Hudson Theatre, New York City[5]
September 26 – October 1928 Fast Life Palmer, ChesterChester Palmer Ambassador Theatre, New York City[5]
September 5 – October 23, 1954 Fifth Season, TheThe Fifth Season Goodwin, JohnnyJohnny Goodwin Cort Theatre, New York City
Touring to Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Chicago[6][7]
February 27 – July 19, 1958 Blue Denim Bartley, MajorMajor Bartley Playhouse Theatre, New York City[5]
November 17, 1960 – May 20, 1961 Advise and Consent Munson, BobBob Munson Cort Theatre, New York City[5]
September 7, 1965 – May 21, 1966 Subject Was Roses, TheThe Subject Was Roses Cleary, JohnJohn Cleary Helen Hayes Theatre, Henry Miller's Theatre and Belasco Theatre, New York City[5]

FilmografiSunting

Poster for Alibi (1929)
Poster for Public Hero No. 1 (1931)
Poster for The Gay Bride (1934)
Chester Morris, Lucille Ball, Casey Johnson and Kent Taylor in Five Came Back (1939)
Year Title Role Notes
1917 Amateur Orphan, AnAn Amateur Orphan Dick [8]
1918 Beloved Traitor, TheThe Beloved Traitor Dan [8]
1923 Loyal Lives O'Hara, TomTom O'Hara [8]
1925 Road to Yesterday, TheThe Road to Yesterday Extra at party [8]
1929 Alibi Williams, ChickChick Williams Nominee, Academy Award for Best Actor[8][9]
1929 Fast Life Palmer, PaulPaul Palmer [8]
1929 Woman Trap Malone, RayRay Malone [8]
1929 Show of Shows, TheThe Show of Shows Cast member [8]
1930 Second Choice Warren, DonDon Warren [8]
1930 Playing Around Solomon, NickeyNickey Solomon [8]
1930 She Couldn't Say No Casey, JerryJerry Casey [8]
1930 Case of Sergeant Grischa, TheThe Case of Sergeant Grischa Paprotkin, Sgt. GrischaSgt. Grischa Paprotkin [8]
1930 Divorcee, TheThe Divorcee Ted [8]
1930 Big House, TheThe Big House Morgan, JohnJohn Morgan [8]
1930 Bat Whispers, TheThe Bat Whispers Anderson, DetectiveDetective Anderson [8]
1931 Corsair Hawkes, JohnJohn Hawkes [8]
1932 Cock of the Air Craig, Lieutenant RogerLieutenant Roger Craig [8]
1932 Miracle Man, TheThe Miracle Man Madison, also known as Doc, JohnJohn Madison, also known as Doc [8]
1932 Sinners in the Sun Martin, JimmieJimmie Martin [8]
1932 Red-Headed Woman Legendre, Jr., BillBill Legendre, Jr. [8]
1933 Blondie Johnson Jones, DannyDanny Jones [8]
1933 Infernal Machine Holden, RobertRobert Holden [8]
1933 Tomorrow at Seven Broderick, NeilNeil Broderick [8]
1933 Golden Harvest Martin, ChrisChris Martin [8]
1934 Gift of Gab Himself [8]
1934 Gay Bride, TheThe Gay Bride Office Boy, also known as Jimmie Burnham [8]
1934 Society Doctor Morgan, Dr. BillDr. Bill Morgan [8]
1935 Public Hero No. 1 Crane, JeffJeff Crane [8]
1935 Pursuit Mitchell [8]
1936 Three Godfathers Bob [8]
1936 Moonlight Murder Farrell, SteveSteve Farrell [8]
1936 Frankie and Johnnie Drew, JohnnieJohnnie Drew [8]
1937 I Promise to Pay Lang, EddieEddie Lang [8]
1937 Flight From Glory Smith [8]
1937 Sunday Night at the Trocadero Himself Short subject
1938 Law of the Underworld Fillmore, GeneGene Fillmore [8]
1938 Sky Giant Stockton, KenKen Stockton [8]
1938 Smashing the Rackets Conway, JimJim Conway [8]
1939 Pacific Liner Craig, DocDoc Craig [8]
1939 Blind Alley Wilson, HalHal Wilson [8]
1939 Five Came Back Brooks, BillBill Brooks [8]
1939 Thunder Afloat Blake, "Rocky""Rocky" Blake [8]
1940 Marines Fly High, TheThe Marines Fly High Malone, Lt.Lt. Malone [8]
1941 Meet Boston Blackie Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1941 No Hands on the Clock Campbell, HumphreyHumphrey Campbell [8]
1941 Confessions of Boston Blackie Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1942 Alias Boston Blackie Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1942 I Live on Danger Morrell, JeffJeff Morrell [8]
1942 Boston Blackie Goes Hollywood Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1942 Wrecking Crew Mason, DukeDuke Mason [8]
1943 Tornado Ramsey, PetePete Ramsey [8]
1943 After Midnight with Boston Blackie Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1943 Aerial Gunner Pattis, FoxyFoxy Pattis [8]
1943 Chance of a Lifetime, TheThe Chance of a Lifetime Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1944 Gambler's Choice Hadley, RossRoss Hadley [8]
1944 Secret Command Gallagher, JeffJeff Gallagher [8]
1944 One Mysterious Night Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1944 Double Exposure Burke, LarryLarry Burke [8]
1945 Boston Blackie Booked on Suspicion Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1945 Boston Blackie's Rendezvous Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1946 Close Call for Boston Blackie, AA Close Call for Boston Blackie Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1946 Phantom Thief, TheThe Phantom Thief Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1946 Boston Blackie and the Law Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1947 Blind Spot Andrews, JeffreyJeffrey Andrews [8]
1948 Trapped by Boston Blackie Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1949 Boston Blackie's Chinese Venture Blackie, BostonBoston Blackie [8]
1955 Unchained Scudder, Warden Kenyon J.Warden Kenyon J. Scudder [8]
1956 She-Creature, TheThe She-Creature Lombardi, Dr. CarloDr. Carlo Lombardi [8]
1970 Great White Hope, TheThe Great White Hope Weaver, PopPop Weaver [8]

Sebagai aktor televisiSunting

Year Title Role Notes
1951 Starlight Theatre Ed Kennedy Episode: "Act of God Nonwithstanding"
1952 Schlitz Playhouse of Stars The Dansker Episode: "Billy Budd"
1952 Lux Video Theatre Lefty Episode: "Welcome Home, Lefty"
1953 Omnibus The Battler Segment: "The Battler"
1955 Appointment with Adventure Lt. Kizer Episode: "Time Bomb"
1957 The Red Skelton Hour Tony Episode: "Clem's Fish Market"
1957 Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre Frank Simmons Episode: "Black Is for Grief"
1957 Playhouse 90 Warden Episode: "Child of Trouble"
1958 Pursuit Mood Episode: "Tiger on a Bicycle"
1959 The United States Steel Hour Henry Vining Episode: "Whisper of Evil"
1960 The Play of the Week Swanson Episode: "Morni
1960 Diagnosis: Unknown Detective Lieutenant Ritter 3 episodes
1960 Rawhide Hugh Clements Episode: "Incident on the Road to Yesterday"
1961 Naked City Frank Manfred Episode: "Make-Believe Man"
1961 Checkmate Albert Dewitt Episode: " Portrait of a Man Running"
1961 Ben Casey Walter Tyson Episode: "An Expensive Glass of Water"
1962 Eleventh Hour Frankie Morrison Episode: "Along About Late in the Afternoon"
1964 Espionage Harry Kemp Episode: "Castles in Spain"
1964 East Side/West Side Walt McGill Episode: "The Name of the Game"
1964 Mr. Broadway Orin Kelsey Episode: "Don't Mention My Name in Sheboygan"
1965 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Major Whitman Episode: "The Fliers"
1967 Coronet Blue Dr. Michael Wilson Episode: "A Time to Be Born"
1968 Cimarron Strip George Deeker Episode: "Without Honor"
1969 Gentle Ben Elsmore Episode: "Busman's Holiday"

Penampilan di radioSunting

Year Program Notes
1944 Boston Blackie Star of NBC series broadcast June 23 – September 15[10]
1945 Old Gold Comedy Theatre Boy Meets Girl[11]
1952 Philip Morris Playhouse Each Dawn I Die[12]

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ a b "Veteran Actor Chester Morris, 69". The Palm Beach Post. Palm Beach, Florida. September 12, 1970. hlm. 6. 
  2. ^ "Movies' 'Boston Blackie,' Chester Morris, Dies". Reading Eagle. Reading, Pennsylvania. September 12, 1970. hlm. 13. 
  3. ^ (Blottner 2011, hlm. 51)
  4. ^ (Parish, Leonard 1976, hlm. 410)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Chester Morris". Internet Broadway Database. Diakses tanggal 2016-08-28. 
  6. ^ Francis, Bob (August 21, 1954). "Speaking of Legit". Billboard. Diakses tanggal 2016-08-28. 
  7. ^ Calta, Louis (September 29, 1954). "Tour is Planned by 'Fifth Season'". The New York Times. Diakses tanggal 2016-08-28. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp "Chester Morris". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Diakses tanggal 2016-08-28. 
  9. ^ "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Diakses tanggal 2016-08-28. 
  10. ^ Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. New York: Oxford University Press. hlm. 110. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. 
  11. ^ "Those Were The Days". Nostalgia Digest. 40 (1): 32–39. Winter 2014. 
  12. ^ Kirby, Walter (April 20, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. hlm. 46. Diakses tanggal May 9, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.   

SumberSunting

  • Blottner, Gene (2011). Columbia Pictures Movie Series, 1926-1955: The Harry Cohn Years. McFarland. ISBN 0-786-48672-4. 
  • Frasier, David K. (2002). Suicide in the Entertainment Industry: An Encyclopedia of 840 Twentieth Century Cases. McFarland. ISBN 0-786-41038-8. 
  • Morton, Lisa; Adamson, Kent (2009). Savage Detours: The Life and Work of Ann Savage. McFarland. ISBN 0-786-45706-6. 
  • Parish, James Robert; Leonard, William T. (1976). Hollywood Players: The Thirties. Arlington House. ISBN 0-870-00365-8. 
  • Rosen, Fred (2004). Cremation in America. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-615-92756-5. 
  • Young, William H.; Young, Nancy K. (2010). World War II and the Postwar Years in America: A Historical and Cultural Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 0-313-35652-1. 

Pranala luarSunting