Basilios (atau Basilius) Bessarion (Yunani: Βασίλειος Βησσαρίων; lahir 2 Januari 1403 – meninggal 18 November 1472 pada umur 69 tahun), seorang kardinal uskup Katolik dan Patriark Latin Konstantinopel tituler, adalah salah satu cendekiawan Yunani yang berkontribusi terhadap kebangkitan besar kesuastraan pada abad ke-15. Ia dididik oleh Gemistus Pletho dalam filsafat Neoplatonik.[1] Ia juga disebut sebagai Johannes Bessarion atau Giovanni Bessarione.

Basilius Bessarion

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ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ George Gemistos Plethon, the Last of the Hellenes,, by CM Woodhouse, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1986, pp32-33
Atribusi

SumberSunting

  •   Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Johannes Bessarion". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  (not fully exploited)
  • Francis A. Burkle-Young, "The election of Pope Calixtus III (1455)" Bessarion an early candidate, opposed by the French.
  • Geanakoplos, Deno John. Greek Scholars in Venice: Studies in the Dissemination of Greek Learning from Byzantium to the West (Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard, 1962).
  • Gill, Joseph. The Council of Florence (Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press, 1959).
  • Harris, Jonathan. Greek Emigres in the West (Camberley : Porphyrogenitus, 1995).
  • Henderson, Duane. "Bessarion, Cardinalis Nicenus. A cardinalitial vita between ideal conceptions and institutional structures," Claudia Märtl; Christian Kaiser; Thomas Ricklin, ed. (2013). "Inter graecos latinissimus, inter latinos graecissimus": Bessarion zwischen den Kulturen. Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-031621-6. , 79-122.
  • Keller, A. "A Byzantine admirer of 'western' progress: Cardinal Bessarion", in, Cambridge Historical Journal, 11 (1953[-]5), 343–8.
  • Kraye, Jill, ed. (28 August 1997). "Chapter 12". Cambridge Translations of Renaissance Philosophical Texts: Moral and Political Philosophy. Volume 1. Cambridge UK/New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-42604-6. 
  • Labowsky, Carlota. Bessarion's Library and the Biblioteca Marciana (Rome : Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 1979).
  • Legrand, Émile. Bibliographie Hellenique (Paris : E. Leroux (E. Guilmoto), 1885–1906). volume 1.
  • Märtl, Claudia; Christian Kaiser; Thomas Ricklin, ed. (2013). "Inter graecos latinissimus, inter latinos graecissimus": Bessarion zwischen den Kulturen. Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-031621-6. 
  • Mohler, Ludwig Kardinal Bessarion als Theologe, Humanist und Staatsmann (Aalen : Scientia Verlag ; Paderborn : F. Schöningh, 1923–42), 3 volumes.
  • Monfasani, John. Byzantine Scholars in Renaissance Italy: Cardinal Bessarion and other Émigrés (Aldershot, UK : Variorum, 1995).
  • Setton, K.M. "The Byzantine background to the Italian Renaissance", in, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 100 (1956), 1–76.
  • Vast, Henri. Le Cardinal Bessarion (Paris : Hachette, 1878), see also (Geneva : Slatkine, 1977).
  • Wilson, Nigel Guy. From Byzantium to Italy. Greek Studies in the Italian Renaissance (London : Duckworth, 1992).

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