Orang Swiss

warga negara atau penduduk Swiss
(Dialihkan dari Bangsa Swiss)

Bangsa Swiss (Jerman: die Schweizer, Prancis: les Suisses, bahasa Italia: gli Svizzeri, bahasa Romansh: ils Svizzers) merupakan warganegara Swiss[a] atau orang-orang keturunan Swiss.

Jumlah warganegara Swiss meningkat dari 1,7 juta pada tahun 1815 hingga 7 juta pada tahun 2016. Lebih dari 1,5 juta warganegara Swiss memegang kewarganegaraan ganda.[1] Sekitar 11% warganegara tinggal di luar negeri (0,8 juta, 0,6 juta memegang kewarganegaraan ganda). Sekitar 60% tinggal di luar negeri di Uni Eropa (0,46 juta). Kelompok keturunan bangsa dan warganegara Swiss terbanyak di luar Eropa ditemukan di Amerika dan Kanada.

Galeria sunting

Lihat pula sunting

Catatan sunting

  1. ^ The term is sometimes extended to include the descendants of Swiss emigrant, see e.g. "Swiss". New Oxford American Dictionary.  Conversely, being born in Switzerland does not give an individual Swiss citizenship automatically (there are three levels of alien citizens status in Switzerland), so that there are numerous second generation legal aliens who are technically "natives of Switzerland" without being considered Swiss.

Referensi sunting

  1. ^ 916k out of 5,293k of permanent residents of Switzerland aged 15 and over ("Ständige Wohnbevölkerung ab 15 Jahren nach doppelter Staatszugehörigkeit (2016)" (dalam bahasa Jerman). Diakses tanggal 20 April 2018. ) plus 570k out of 775k Bangsa Swiss di luar negeri ("Auslandschweizerstatistik 2016" (PDF) (dalam bahasa Jerman). Diakses tanggal 20 April 2018. ).
  2. ^ Swiss Review, Secretariat for the Swiss Abroad (2010), p. 13.

Bibliografi sunting

  • Walter Sorell, The Swiss: A cultural panorama of Switzerland. Bobbs-Merrill, 1972.
  • Heinrich Zschokke, Des Schweizerlands Geschichten für das Schweizervolk, J. J. Mäcken, 1823. Internet Archive, trans. as The History of Switzerland, for the Swiss People by Francis George Shaw, 1855. Google Books
  • Frank Webb, Switzerland of the Swiss, Scribners, 1910. Archive.org
  • Paul Bilton, The Xenophobe's Guide to the Swiss, Oval Projects Ltd, 1999. Internet Archive
  • Leo Schelbert, Swiss Migration to America: The Swiss Mennonites, Ayer Publishing, 1980.
  • John Paul Von Grueningen, The Swiss In The United States: A Compilation Prepared for the Swiss-American Historical Society as the Second Volume of Its Publications, Swiss-American Historical Society, 1940, reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 2005, ISBN 978-0-8063-5265-7.
  • Henry Demarest Lloyd, John Atkinson Hobson, The Swiss democracy: The Study of a Sovereign People, T. F. Unwin, 1908.
  • J. Christopher Herold, The Swiss without Halos, Greenwood Press, 1979.
  • Julie Hartley-Moore, The Song of Gryon: Political Ritual, Local Identity, and the Consolidation of Nationalism in Multiethnic Switzerland, Journal of American Folklore 120.476 (2007) 204–229.
  • Arnold Henry Moore Lunn, The Swiss and their Mountains: A Study of the Influence of Mountains on Man, Rand McNally, 1963.
  • Hans Kohn, Nationalism and Liberty: The Swiss Example. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1956.
  • Marcello Sorce Keller, “Transplanting multiculturalism: Swiss musical traditions reconfigured in multicultural Victoria”, in Joel Crotti and Kay Dreyfus (Guest Editors), Victorian Historical Journal, LXXVIII(2007), no. 2, pp. 187–205; later appeared in Bulletin - Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Musikethnologie und Gesellschaft für die Volksmusik in der Schweiz, October 2008, pp. 53–63.