Bahasa Arab Sudan

dialek bahasa Arab

Bahasa Arab Sudan ialah varietas bahasa Arab yang dituturkan di seluruh Sudan dan di wilayah-wilayah Eritrea. Beberapa suku di Sudan masih memiliki aksen yang sama dengan yang ada di Arab Saudi.

Bahasa Arab Sudan
Dituturkan di
WilayahDaerah Anseba, Daerah Gash-Barka, Sudan
Penutur bahasa
31,9 juta  (2015)e22
Afroasiatik
Abjad Arab
Kode bahasa
ISO 639-3apd
Glottologsuda1236[1]
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SejarahSunting

Pada tahun 1889, Jurnal Institut Antropologi Kerajaan Pulau Britania Raya menyatakan bahwa bahasa Arab yang dituturkan di Sudan ialah "bahasa Arab yang murni tetapi arkais". Pelafalan huruf-huruf tertentu dalam bahasa ini seperti Hijazi, dan bukan bahasa Mesir, seperti g menjadi pelafalan untuk huruf Arab Qāf dan J menjadi pelafalan untuk Jim.[2]

Lihat jugaSunting

RujukanSunting

  •   Artikel ini memuat teks dari Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 17, oleh Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, JSTOR (Organization), publikasi dari tahun 1888, sekarang berada pada domain umum di Amerika Serikat.
  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, ed. (2019). "Sudanese Arabic". Glottolog 4.1. Jena, Jerman: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, JSTOR (Organization) (1888). Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 17. The Institute. hlm. 11. Diakses tanggal 2011-05-08. 
  • Arlette Roth, 1969–1972, Lexique des parlers arabes tchado-soudanais. An Arabic-English-French lexicon of dialects spoken in the Chad-Sudan area compiled by Arlette Roth-Laly, Paris: Editions du Centre Nationale de la recherche scientifique.

Bahasa InggrisSunting

  • Victoria Bernal, 1991, Cultivating Workers, Peasants and Capitalism in a Sudanese Village, New York: Columbia University Press, see glossary of Sudanese Arabic words pp 203–206.
  • James Dickins. 2008. Online Arabic/English Dictionary of Sudanese Arabic, and English/Arabic Dictionary of Sudanese Arabic available at http://www.leeds.ac.uk/arts/profile/40000/479/james_dickins.
  • James Dickins. 2007a. Sudanese Arabic: Phonematics and Syllable Structure. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • James Dickins. 2007b. Khartoum Arabic. In The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (Vol. 2) (K. Versteegh et al. eds.). Leiden: Brill. pp. 559–571, available at http://www.languages.salford.ac.uk/staff/KhartoumArabicArticleDickins.pdf
  • James Dickins, 2006. The Verb Base in Central Urban Sudanese Arabic. In Grammar as a Window onto Arabic Humanism: A Collection of Articles in Honour of Michael G. Carter (L. Edzard and Janet Watson, eds.). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. pp. 155–195.
  • Elizabeth M. Bergman, 2004. Spoken Sudanese Arabic, Grammar, Dialogues and Glossary, Springfield, VA, Dunwoody Press.
  • Abdel-Hadi Mohammed Omer, 1984, Arabic in the Sudanese setting: A Sociolinguistic study (Language Planning, Diglossia, Standardisation), Unpublished dissertation, Indiana University (available on Proquest).
  • Andrew and Janet Persson with Ahmad Hussein, 1979, Sudanese Colloquial Arabic for beginners, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Horsleys Green, High Wycombe, United Kingdom: This book is a good introduction to Sudanese colloquial Arabic as spoken in Khartoum. Text is in both Arabic and Latin scripts, making it accessible to those that do not read Arabic but want basic conversational skills.
  • Alan S. Kaye, 1976, Chadian and Sudanese Arabic in the light of comparative Arabic dialectology, Mouton: The Hague, ISBN 90-279-3324-3.
  • El Rashid Abubakr, 1970, The noun phrase in the spoken Arabic of Sudan, Unpublished dissertation, University of London, UK.
  • J. Spenser Trimmingham, 1946, Sudan Colloquial Arabic, London, Oxford University Press, G. Cumberlege.
  • Vincent Llewllyn Grifiths & Abdel Rahman Ali Taha, 1936, Sudan courtesy customs; a foreigner's guide to polite phrases in common use among sophisticated Arabic speaking population of Northern Sudan, Khartoum, published by the Sudan Government.
  • S. Hillelson, 1935, Sudan Arabic texts, Cambridge, UK: The University Press.

Bahasa PrancisSunting

  • Michel Baumer, 1968, Les noms vernaculaires soudanais utiles à l'écologiste, Unpublished dissertation, Université de Montpelier, France.

Bahasa JermanSunting

  • Randolph Galla, 1997, Kauderwelsch, Sudanesisch-Arabisch Wort für Wort, Reise Know How-Verlag, Bielefeld, 1. Auflage, ISBN 3-89416-302-X
  • Stefan Reichmuth, 1983, Der arabische Dialekt der Šukriyya in Ostsudan, Hildesheim, New York: G. Olms (originally authors thesis, Freie Universität, Berlin), ISBN 3-487-07457-5.

Bahasa ArabSunting

  • عون الشريف قاسم (ʿAwn al-Sharīf Qāsim), 1972, قاموس اللهجة العامية في السودان (A Dictionary of the Vernacular Dialect in the Sudan), الخرطوم: الدار السودانية للكتاب (Khartoum: Sudanese Publishers).

Pranala luarSunting