Accademia del Cimento

Accademia del Cimento (Akademi Eksperimen), sebuah perhimpunan saintifik awal, didirikan di Firenze pada 1657 oleh murid-murid Galileo, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli dan Vincenzo Viviani dan berdiri selama sekitar satu dekade kemudian. Pembentukan Akademi tersebut didanai oleh Pangeran Leopoldo dan Adipati Agung Ferdinando II de' Medici. Kegiatan-kegiatan perhimpunan tersebut meliputi:[1]

  • Eksperimenasi (hampir setiap hal, pada periode awal ilmu pengetahuan ini)
  • Menyusun spekulasi
  • Membuat peralatan laboratorium
  • Standar ukuran
  • Motto – Provando e riprovando Coba dan coba lagi
  • Sebuah publikasi ’Saggi di naturali esperienze fatte nell'Academia del Cimento sotto la protezione del Serenissimo Principe Leopoldo di Toscan e descritte dal segretario di essa Accademia pertama kali diterbitkan pada 1666, kemudian diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Latin pada 1731. Buku tersebut menjadi paduan laboratorium standar pada abad ke-18.

Catatan kakiSunting

  1. ^ Bruno, pp. 17–18.

ReferensiSunting

  • Baldwin, Martha (Sep 1995). Isis. 86 (3): 394–418. doi:10.1086/357237. 
  • Boschiero, Luciano (2007). Experiment and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century Tuscany: The History of the Accademia del Cimento. Springer. ISBN 0-85115-594-4. 
  • Bruno, Leonard, C. (1989). The Landmarks of Science. The Collections of the Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8160-2137-6. 
  • Feingold, Mordechai (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 
  • Henry, John (2008). The Scientific Revolution and the Origins of Modern Science, 3d Edition. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-230-57438-6. 
  • Hunter, Michael (1995). Science and the Shape of Orthodoxy: Intellectual Change in Late Seventeenth-Century Britain. Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-594-4. 
  • Iliffe, Rob (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 
  • Meli, Domenico Bertoloni (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 
  • Middleton, W.E. Knowles (1971). The Experimenters: A Study of The Accademia del Cimento. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press. ISBN 0-8018-1250-X. 
  • Ornstein, Martha (1913). The rôle of scientific societies in the seventeenth century. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. 
  • Strano, Giorgio (2009). Marco Beretta, ed. The Accademia del Cimento and its European context. Watson Publishing. ISBN 0-88135-387-6. 

Pranala luarSunting

  • Online guide to Accademia del Cimento records, at The Bancroft Library
  • [1] Notes on the history of Accademia del Cimento from the Scholarly Societies Project, University of Waterloo Libraries—includes information about the Academy's publications.
  • [2] Stanford University discussion of the Republic of Letters
  • [3] Entire correspondence of the Cimento Academicians at the National Library in Florence