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Abdurrahman Al-Ghafiqi

panglima muslim
Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi (kanan) digambarkan dalam Bataille de Poitiers en Octobre 732 karya Charles de Steuben menghadapi Charles Martel (berkuda) di Pertempuran Tours.

Abdurrahman Al-Ghafiqi (Arab: عبد الرحمن بن عبد الله الغافقي, translit. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Ghāfiqī‎; wafat 732), juga dikenal sebagai Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, dan Abd el-Rahman, adalah seorang panglima Umayyad dari Muslim Andalusia. Ia gagal memimpin pertempuran melawan pasukan Charles Martel dalam Pertempuran Tours paa 10 Oktober 732 Masehi.[1]

CatatanSunting

ReferensiSunting

  • Creasy Edward S., Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World From Marathon to Waterloo
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Arabs, Franks, and the Battle of Tours, 732
  • Watson, William E., "The Battle of Tours-Poitiers Revisited", Providence: Studies in Western Civilization, 2 (1993)

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • The New Century Book of Facts, King-Richardson Company, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1911
  • "Early Andalusian Politics", by Richard Greydanus
  • Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, (New York, 1974), 6:16.
  • Richard Hooker, "Civil War and the Umayyads"
  • Tours, Poiters, from "Leaders and Battles Database" online.
  • Robert W. Martin, "The Battle of Tours is still felt today", from about.com
  • Santosuosso, Anthony, Barbarians, Marauders, and Infidels ISBN 0-8133-9153-9
  • Bennett, Bradsbury, Devries, Dickie and Jestice, Fighting Techniques of the Medieval World
  • Reagan, Geoffry, The Guinness Book of Decisive Battles, Canopy Books, NY (1992) ISBN 1-55859-431-0