William Pitt yang Muda

William Pitt yang Muda (lahir 28 Mei 1759 – meninggal 23 Januari 1806 pada umur 46 tahun) adalah politisi asal Britania Raya pada akhir abad ke-18 dan awal abad ke-19. Ia menjadi Perdana Menteri Britania Raya termuda pada tahun 1783 di usia 24 tahun. Ia meninggalkan jabatan ini pada tahun 1801, tetapi kembali menjadi perdana menteri pada tahun 1804 sampai dengan kematiannya pada tahun 1806.

The Right Honourable

William Pitt
OlderPittThe Younger.jpg
Perdana Menteri Britania Raya
Masa jabatan
10 Mei 1804 – 23 Januari 1806
Penguasa monarkiGeorge III
PendahuluThe Viscount Sidmouth
PenggantiThe Lord Grenville
Perdana Menteri Britania Raya
Masa jabatan
19 Desember 1783 – 14 Maret 1801
Penguasa monarkiGeorge III
PendahuluThe Duke of Portland
PenggantiThe Viscount Sidmouth
(Sebagai Perdana Menteri Kerajaan Serikat)
Kanselor Exchequer
Masa jabatan
10 Mei 1804 – 23 Januari 1806
Penguasa monarkiGeorge III
PendahuluHenry Addington
PenggantiLord Henry Petty
Masa jabatan
19 December 1783 – 14 March 1801
Penguasa monarkiGeorge III
PendahuluLord John Cavendish
PenggantiHenry Addington
Masa jabatan
10 July 1782 – 31 March 1783
Penguasa monarkiGeorge III
PendahuluLord John Cavendish
PenggantiLord John Cavendish
Informasi pribadi
Lahir(1759-05-28)28 Mei 1759
Hayes, Kent
Meninggal dunia23 Januari 1806(1806-01-23) (umur 46)
KebangsaanBritania Raya
Partai politikTory (scholar consensus)[1]
Independent Whig (self description)[2]
Alma materPembroke College, Cambridge
Tanda tanganCursive signature in ink


  1. ^ "William Pitt the Younger". Britannia.com. Diakses tanggal 2010-04-23. 
  2. ^ Hague 2005, p.582


  • "Oh, my country! How I leave my country." (Attributed last words, from: Stanhope's Life of the Rt Hon. William Pitt (1862), vol. iv, p. 391)
  • "My country! Oh, my country!" (Attributed last words, from: G. Rose Diary 23 January 1806)
  • "I think I could eat one of Bellamy's veal pies." (alternative attributed last words)[1]
  • "...the foulest and most atrocious deed." (in reference to the execution of King Louis XVI of France)[2]
  • “Roll up that map: it will not be wanted these ten years.” (referring to a map of Europe, after hearing of Napoleon's victory at Austerlitz)

Bacaan lebih lanjutSunting

  • Black, Jeremy. British Foreign Policy in an Age of Revolutions, 1783–93 (1994)
  • Cooper, William. "William Pitt, Taxation, and the Needs of War," Journal of British Studies Vol. 22, No. 1 (Autumn, 1982), pp. 94–103 in JSTOR
  • Derry, J. Politics in the Age of Fox, Pitt and Liverpool: Continuity and Transformation (1990)
  • Duffy, Michael (2000). The Younger Pitt (Profiles In Power). Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-05279-6. 
  • Ehrman, J. P. W., and Anthony Smith. "Pitt, William (1759–1806)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (2004); online 2009; accessed 12 Sept 2011
  • Ehrman, John (1969–1996). The Younger Pitt (3 volumes). Constable & Co. 
  • Jarrett, Derek (1974). Pitt the Younger. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ASIN B002AMOXYK. 
  • Mori, Jennifer. "William Pitt the Younger" in R. Eccleshall and G. Walker, eds., Biographical Dictionary of British Prime Ministers (Routledge, 1998), pp. 85–94
  • Mori, Jennifer. "The political theory of William Pitt the Younger," History, April 1998, Vol. 83 Issue 270, pp 234–48
  • Reilly, Robin (1978). Pitt the Younger 1759–1806. Cassell Publishers. ASIN B001OOYKNE. 
  • Richards, Gerda C. "The Creations of Peers Recommended by the Younger Pitt," American Historical Review Vol. 34, No. 1 (Oct., 1928), pp. 47–54 in JSTOR
  • Sack, James J. From Jacobite to Conservative: Reaction and Orthodoxy in Britain c.1760–1832 (Cambridge University Press, 1993), does not see Pitt as a Tory
  • Sack, James J. The Grenvillites, 1801–29: Party Politics and Factionalism in the Age of Pitt and Liverpool (U. of Illinois Press, 1979)
  • Wilkinson, D. "The Pitt-Portland Coalition of 1794 and the Origins of the 'Tory' party" History 83 (1998), pp. 249–64

Sumber utamaSunting

  • Pitt, William. The speeches of the Right Honourable William Pitt, in the House of commons (1817) edisi daring

Pranala luarSunting

  1. ^ Johnson, Paul (2001-01-27). "Famous last words do not always ring true. or do they?". The Spectator. Diakses tanggal 2010-04-23. 
  2. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama 10downingstreet