The Fens

The Fens, juga dikenal sebagai Fenlands, adalah dataran pantai di timur Inggris. Dulunya merupakan wilayah paya yang secara bertahap dikeringkan selama berabad-abad, telah berubah menjadi ladang. Membentang terutama di sekitar muara The Wash, Provinsi di Inggris, Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire dan Norfolk.[2]

Peta Inggris timur, menunjukkan posisi the Fens[1]

Selama abad pertengahan, sifat daerah yang terisolasi menyebabkan pendirian beberapa rumah keagamaan, termasuk biara-biara Ely, Thorney, Crowland, Ramsey dan Peterborough yang dikenal sebagai Lima Fen.[3][4]


  1. ^ After Lindley, Keith (1982). Fenland riots and the English revolution . Heinemann Educational Books. ISBN 978-0-435-32535-0. 
  2. ^ It is debated whether this area includes the fen areas of north Lincolnshire, such as the Isle of Axholme. Some scholars, such as Keith Lindley, include the Isle of Axholme as part of the Fenland, as it has the same kind of environment and a similar environmental and social history. But it is not contiguous with the rest of the East Anglian Fenland, nor was its drainage ever jointly organised with that of any of the main Fenland drainage areas. It is generally designated as a separate area.
  3. ^ Wise, John; Noble, W. Mackreth (1882). Ramsey Abbey: Its Rise and Fall. Huntingdon: Ellis & Cooper. ISBN 0-904701-10-7. 
  4. ^ Christian, Anne Hait (1984). The Search for Holmes, Robson, Hind, Steele and Graham Families of Cumberland and Northumberland, England. La Jolla, CA: Search. hlm. 7. ISBN 0-9613723-0-3. 

Bacaan selanjutnyaSunting

  • Dugdale, William (1662). History of Imbanking and Drayning of Divers Fens and. Marshes. London. 
  • Wells, Samuel A. (1830). A history of the drainage of the Great Level of the Fens called Bedford Level. 2. Fleet Street, London: R.Pheney.  archived online: Volume 1, Volume 2
  • Templat:Wheeler1896
  • Page, William; Proby, Granville; Inskip Ladds, S., ed. (1936). A History of the County of Huntingdon. Victoria County History. 3. hlm. 249–290: "The Middle Level of the Fens and its reclamation". Diakses tanggal 30 December 2010. 
  • Bevis, Trevor (1990). A pocket guide to The Fenland. Trevor Bevis. 
  • Hewitt, Peter (2000). FENLAND: A Landscape made by Man. Wisbech Society. 
  • Sly, Rex (2003). From Punt to Plough: A history of the Fens. The History Press. 
  • Ash, Eric (2017). The Draining of the Fens. Johns Hopkins University Press. Diakses tanggal 2017-03-15. 
  • Pryor, Francis (2019). The Fens: Discovering England's Ancient Depths. Head of Zeus Ltd. 
  • Boyce, James (2020). Imperial Mud: The Fight for the Fens. Icon Books. 

Pranala luarSunting

Koordinat: 52°29′18″N 0°13′52″W / 52.48838°N 0.23118°W / 52.48838; -0.23118