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Salama Moussa (1887–1958) (Ar: سلامه موسى) berasal dari keluarga Koptik yang kaya di kota Zagazig di delta Sungai Nil.[1] Salama Musa adalah seorang jurnalis, penulis, pendukung sekularisme, dan perintis sosialisme Arab. Ia menulis dan menerjemahkan 45 buku; tulisan-tulisannya masih mempengaruhi pikiran bangsa Arab. Salama Musa berkampanye melawan agama tradisional dan mendorong masyarakat Mesir mengikuti budaya Eropa.[2]

Salama Moussa
Salama mousa.jpg
Lahir1887
Zagazig, Mesir
Meninggal1958
Cairo, Mesir (71 tahun)
PekerjaanJurnalis
KebangsaanMesir
Karya terkenalMan at the Top of Evolution

KaryaSunting

  • Divine Thoughts and Their Origin (1912)
  • Treatise about Socialism (1913)
  • The Most Well-known Love Affairs in History (1925, direvisi dan ganti nama menjadi "Love in History" pada 1949)
  • Reading Matters on Elections (1926)
  • Dreams of a Philosopher (1926)
  • Freedom of Thought and Its Representatives (1927)
  • Secrets of the Inner Life (1927, direvisi 1948)
  • History of Art and the Most Well-known Pieces of Work (1927)
  • Today and Tomorrow (1928)
  • Descent and Development of Mankind (1928, direvisi 19523)
  • Stories (1939)
  • About Life and Culture (1930, direvisi dan ganti judul tahun 1956: Culture and Life)
  • Our Duties and the Tasks of Foreign Countries (1931)
  • Gandhi and the Indian Revolution (1934)
  • Renaissance in Europe (1935, direvisi 1962 dan ganti judul menjadi "What Is Renaissance")
  • Egypt, a Place Where Civilization Began (1935, diperpanjang 1948)
  • The World in 30 Years (1936)
  • Modern English Culture (1936, diperpanjang 1956)
  • Our Life as from 50 (1944, diperpanjang 1956)
  • Freedom of Thought in Egypt (1945)
  • Eloquence and the Arabic Language (1945, diperpanjang 1953 dan lagi setelah kematiannya; 1964)
  • My and Your Intellect (1947, diperpanjang 1953)
  • The Years of Salama Moussa’s Apprenticeship (1947, setelah kematiannya; 1958)
  • The True Path of the Young People (1949)
  • Psychological Attempts (1953, berganti judul menjadi Attempts tahun 1963)
  • These are My Mentors (1953, setelah kematiannya; 1965)
  • The Book of Revolutions (1955)
  • Psychological Studies (1956)
  • The Woman Is not the Plaything of the Man (1956)
  • George Bernhard Shaw (1957, setelah kematiannya; 1977)
  • Attempts of the Young People (setelah kematiannya; 1959)
  • Forbidden writings (psetelah kematiannya; 1959)
  • Mankind is the Pride of Creation (setelah kematiannya; 1961)

Catatan kakiSunting

  1. ^ Goldschmidt Jr., A. Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. 2000 Ed. Pg 139
  2. ^ Meisami, S. Julie, Starkey, Paul. Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, Volume 2. Routledge, New York, NY 1998 pp. 554-555

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