Raymond Chandler

Raymond Thornton Chandler (23 Juli 1888 – 26 Maret 1959) adalah seorang novelis dan penulis naskah Amerika-Inggris. Pada 1932, dalam usia empat puluh empat tahun, Chandler menjadi penulis fiksi detektif setelah kehilangan pekerjaannya sebagai eksekutif perusahaan minyak pada masa Depresi Besar.

Raymond Chandler
Man with slicked-back black hair facing left, smoking a pipe
Chandler ca. 1943
LahirRaymond Thornton Chandler
(1888-07-23)23 Juli 1888
Chicago, Illinois, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal26 Maret 1959(1959-03-26) (umur 70)
La Jolla, California, Amerika Serikat
MakamMount Hope Cemetery, San Diego, Amerika Serikat
PekerjaanNovelis
KebangsaanAmerika Serikat (1888–1907, 1956–1959)
Britania Raya (1907–1959)
Periode1933–1959
Pasangan
Cissy Pascal
(m. 1924; wafat 1954)

ReferensiSunting

SumberSunting

  • Chandler, Raymond (1950). Trouble is My Business. Vintage Books, 1988.
  • Chandler, Raymond (1962). Gardiner, Dorothy; Walker, Kathrine Sorley, ed. Raymond Chandler Speaking. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-520-20835-3. 
  • Chandler, Raymond, (1969). Foreword by Powell, Lawrence Clark. The Raymond Chandler Omnibus, Borzoi Books.
  • Day, Barry, (2015). "The World of Raymond Chandler: In His Own Words". Vintage Books.
  • Hiney, Tom (1997). Raymond Chandler: A Biography. Grove Press.
  • Pronzini, Bill; Jack Adrian (eds). (1995). Hard-Boiled, An Anthology of American Crime Stories, Oxford University Press.

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Bruccoli, Matthew J., ed. (1973). Chandler Before Marlowe: Raymond Chandler's Early Prose and Poetry, 1908–1912. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press.
  • Chandler, Raymond (1976). The Blue Dahlia (screenplay). Carbondale and Edwardsville, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press.
  • Chandler, Raymond (1985). Raymond Chandler's Unknown Thriller (unfilmed screenplay for Playback). New York: The Mysterious Press.
  • Dorothy Gardiner and Katherine Sorley Walker, eds. (1962), Raymond Chandler Speaking. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Freeman, Judith (2007). The Long Embrace: Raymond Chandler and the Woman He Loved. N.Y.: Pantheon. ISBN 978-0-375-42351-2.
  • Gross, Miriam (1977). The World of Raymond Chandler. New York: A & W Publishers.
  • Hiney, Tom (1999). Raymond Chandler. New York: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3637-0.
  • Hiney, Tom and MacShane, Frank, eds. (2000). The Raymond Chandler Papers: Selected Letters and Nonfiction, 1909–1959. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.
  • Howe, Alexander N. "The Detective and the Analyst: Truth, Knowledge, and Psychoanalysis in the Hard-Boiled Fiction of Raymond Chandler." Clues: A Journal of Detection 24.4 (Summer 2006): 15–29.
  • Howe, Alexander N. (2008). "It Didn't Mean Anything: A Psychoanalytic Reading of American Detective Fiction". North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-3454-6.
  • Joshi, S. T. (2019). "Raymond Chandler: Mean Streets" in Varieties of Crime Fiction (Wildside Press) ISBN 978-1-4794-4546-2.
  • MacShane, Frank (1976). The Life of Raymond Chandler. New York: E.P. Dutton.
  • MacShane, Frank (1976). The Notebooks of Raymond Chandler & English Summer: A Gothic Romance. New York: The Ecco Press.
  • MacShane, Frank, ed. (1981). Selected Letters of Raymond Chandler. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Moss, Robert (2002.) "Raymond Chandler: A Literary Reference" New York: Carrol & Graf.
  • Swirski, Peter (2005). "Raymond Chandler's Aesthetics of Irony" in From Lowbrow to Nobrow. Montreal, London: McGill-Queen's University. ISBN 978-0-7735-3019-5.
  • Ward, Elizabeth and Alain Silver (1987). Raymond Chandler's Los Angeles. Woodstock, N.Y.: Overlook Press. ISBN 0-87951-351-9.
  • Williams, Tom (2014). A Mysterious Something in the Light: The Life of Raymond Chandler . New York: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1613736784.

Pranala luarSunting

Templat:Chandler