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Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini (lahir 11 Februari 1380 – meninggal 30 Oktober 1459 pada umur 79 tahun),[2] yang lebih dikenal sebagai Poggio Bracciolini, adalah seorang cendekiawan Italia dan humanis awal. Ia bertanggung jawab atas penemuan dan pemulihan kembali sejumlah besar manuskrip Latin, kebanyakan teronggok dan terlupakan di perpustakaan-perpustakaan monastik Jerman, Swiss dan Prancis. Temuan paling menonjolnya adalah De rerum natura, satu-satunya karya yang masih ada buatan Lucretius.

Poggio Bracciolini
Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini - Imagines philologorum.jpg
Engravir Bracciolini[1]
LahirGian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini
11 Februari 1380
Terranuova, Arezzo, Toscana, Italia
Meninggal30 Oktober 1459(1459-10-30) (umur 79)
KebangsaanItalia
PekerjaanSekretaris Kepausan
Anak5 putra dan seorang putri

Daftar isi

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  • Poggii Florentini oratoris et philosophi Opera: collatione emendatorum exemplarium recognita, quorum elenchum versa haec pagina enumerabit, Heinrich Petri ed., (apud Henricum Petrum, Basel, 1538)
  • Poggius Bracciolini Opera Omnia, Riccardo Fubini ed., 4 vol. Series: Monumenta politica et philosophica rariora. (Series 2, 4–7; Torino, Bottega d'Erasmo, 1964-1969)
  • Epistolae, Tommaso Tonelli ed. (3 vol., 1832–61); Riccardo Fubini ed. (1982, re-edition of vol. III of Opera Omnia)
  • Poggio Bracciolini Lettere, Helen Harth ed., Latin and Italian, (3 vol., Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 1984-7)
  • The Facetiae, Bernhardt J. Hurwood transl. (Award Books, 1968)
  • Facetiae of Poggio and other medieval story-tellers, Edward Storer transl., (London: G. Routledge & Sons & New York: E.P. Dutton, 1928) Online version
  • Phyllis Walter Goodhart Gordon transl., Two Renaissance Book Hunters: The Letters of Poggius Bracciolini to Nicolaus De Niccolis (Columbia Un. Press, 1974, 1991)
  • Beda von Berchem transl., The infallibility of the Pope at the Council of Constance; the trial of Hus, his sentence and death at the stake, in two letters, (C. Granville, 1930) (The authenticity of this work is in debate since the earliest edition discovered was in German in the 1840s.)

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  1. ^ Following an old engraving; from Alfred Gudeman, Imagines philologorum: 160 bildnisse..., (Leipzig/Berlin) 1911.
  2. ^ Date in Cav. Toneilli's ms Elogi delli uomini illustri Toscani, noted by William Shepherd, The Life of Poggio Bracciolini

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  • Albert Curtis Clark, "The Literary Discoveries of Poggio", Classical Review 13 (Cambridge, 1899) pp. 119–30.
  • Dr. William Shepherd, Life of Poggio Bracciolini (1837 edition available online), the most extensive and authoritative English-language biography to date.
  • Georg Voigt, Wiederbelebung des classischen Alterthums oder das erste Jahrhundert des Humanismus (3d ed., Berlin, 1893), gives a good description of Poggio's place in history.
  • John Addington Symonds, The Renaissance in Italy (7 vol., Smith, Elder & Co, 1875–86), a historical perspective with a detailed description of Poggio's life.
  • Ernst Walser, Poggius Florentinus: Leben & Werke (Berlin, 1914; Georg Olms, 1974; Nabu Press, 2011) 592 p. The most complete biography to-date, with more recent, accurate, and detailed information than William Shepherd's, but not translated into English.
  • Riccardo Fubini & S. Caroti, eds., Poggio Bracciolini 1380–1980 - Nel VI centenario della nascita, Latin and Italian, (Florence: Sansoni, 1982)
  • Riccardo Fubini, Humanism & Secularization: From Petrarch to Valla, transl. Martha King, (Duke Un. Press, 2003; original edition, Bulzoni, 1990)
  • Riccardo Fubini, L'umanesimo italiano e i suoi storici: Origini rinascimentali, critica moderna, (F. Angeli, 2001)
  • Riccardo Fubini, Italia quattrocentesca: Politica e diplomazia nell'eta di Lorenzo il Magnifico, (F. Angeli, 1994)
  • Benjamin G Kohl; Ronald G Witt; Elizabeth B Welles, The Earthly republic: Italian humanists on government and society (Un. of Pennsylvania Press, 1978)
  • Ronald G. Witt, "The Humanist Movement", in Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Heiko A. Oberman, & James D. Tracy, eds. Handbook of European History 1400-1600: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance & Reformation (E.J. Brill, 1995), pp. 93–125.
  • Ronald G. Witt, In the Footsteps of the Ancients: The Origins of Humanism from Lovato to Bruni, Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought, (ed. Heiko A. Oberman, E.J. Brill, 2000)
  • Ronald G. Witt, Italian Humanism and Medieval Rhetoric, (Ashgate Variorum, 2002)
  • Harald Braun, "In Defense of Humanist Aesthetics: Ronald G. Witt’s Study of Early Italian Humanism", (H-Net Reviews, March 2003)
  • Ronald G. Witt, The Two Latin Cultures and the Foundation of Renaissance Humanism in Medieval Italy (Cambridge Un. Press, March 2012)
  • John Winter Jones, trans.,Travelers in Disguise: Narratives of Eastern Travel by Poggio Bracciolini and Ludovico de Varthema, (Harvard Un. Press, 1963), intr. by Lincoln Davis Hammond.
  • John W. Oppel, The moral basis of Renaissance politics: a study of the humanistic political and social philosophy of Poggio Bracciolini, 1380-1459 (Ph.D. thesis, Princeton Un., 1972)
  • Nancy S. Struever, The Language of history in the Renaissance: rhetoric and historical consciousness in Florentine Humanism (Princeton Un. Press, 1970)
  • A. C. de la Mare, The handwriting of Italian humanists / Vol. I, fasc. 1, Francesco Petrarca, Giovanni Boccaccio, Coluccio Salutati, Niccolò Niccoli, Poggio Bracciolini, Bartolomeo Aragazzi of Montepulciano, Sozomeno of Pistoia, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci (Oxford University Press, 1973)
  • Louis Paret, The annals of Poggio Bracciolini and other forgeries, (Augustin S.A., 1992)
  • John Wilson Ross, Tacitus and Bracciolini. The Annals forged in the XVth century, (Diprose & Bateman, 1878)
  • Anthony Grafton, Commerce with the Classics: Ancient Books and Renaissance Readers, (Un. of Michigan Press, 1997)
  • Anthony Grafton, Forgers and Critics: Creativity and Duplicity in Western Scholarship, (Princeton Un. Press, 1990)
  • Stephen Greenblatt, The Swerve: How the World Became Modern, (W.W. Norton, 2011). Poggio's discovery of Lucretius's De rerum natura.
  • Douglas Biow, Doctors, Ambassadors, Secretaries: Humanism and Professions in Renaissance Italy (Un. of Chicago Press, 2002)A
  • L.D. Reynolds & N.G. Wilson, Scribes and Scholars: A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature (Oxford Un. Press, 1968)
  • Brian Richardson, Printing, Writers and Readers in Renaissance Italy, (Cambridge Un. Press, 1999)
  • Ann Proulx Lang, Poggio Bracciolini's De Avaritia - A Study in 15th-century Florentine Attitudes Toward Avarice and Usury (Thesis, M.A., Sir George Williams Un., Montreal, 1973). Examination of the economic aspects of Poggio's Florentine life.

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