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Piala Perdamaian adalah turnamen persahabatan undangan pra-musim untuk klub sepak bola, yang sekarang ini diadakan setiap dua tahun sekali oleh Yayasan Sepak bola Perdamaian Sunmoon.[1] Tiga edisi pertama diselenggarakan di Korea Selatan, dan Piala Perdamaian 2009 diselenggarakan di Madrid dan Andalusia, Spanyol.[2][3] Tim-tim yang pernah memenangkan turnamen ini adalah PSV, Tottenham Hotspur, Lyon, dan Aston Villa.[4]

Piala Perdamaian
Peace Cup.gif
Didirikan2003
WilayahInternasional
Juara bertahanBendera Inggris Aston Villa
Websitewww.peacecup.com
Piala Perdamaian 2012

Turnamen ini awalanya diselenggarakan di Korea Selatan dan diadakan pada 2003, 2005, dan 2007 antara delapan klub dari erbagai negara, termasuk Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma, yang dimiliki oleh perusahaan penyelenggara.

A corresponding event for women's teams began in 2006 with the name "Peace Queen Cup", featuring eight women's national teams from five continents.[5]

Daftar isi

Sejarah dan Format TurnamenSunting

Sejak 2003, the Peace Cup is being held every two years, the Sunmoon Peace Football Foundation invites football clubs from various nations. South Korea's Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma participates in every tournament as both the club and foundation are sponsored by the same organization, the Unification Church.

From 2003 to 2007, the Peace Cup was played between eight clubs, divided into two groups of four teams. The winner of each group qualified for the final, which was played in a single match. 2009 Peace Cup Andalucia was held in Spain, and 12 teams participated in the competition.

The fifth competition will take place in South Korea in July 2012.[6]

Controversy over namingSunting

The original name of the competition was to be Sunmoon Peace Cup, named after Sun Myung Moon, the founder of the Sunmoon Peace Football Foundation. However, after being criticized that it was too religious, the organization changed its named to World Peace King Cup and started preparation for its first tournament. Before the inauguration of the cup, the Asian Football Confederation warned that the term "world" can only be used by competitions organized by FIFA, and "king" can be used by competitions held by a kingdom.[7]

PrizeSunting

From 2003 to 2007, the prize money of the tournament was approximately 2 million for the winning team[8][9] and €500,000 for the runners-up.[8]

ResultsSunting

Summaries of previous tournamentsSunting

Year Final[4]
Winner Score Runner-up
2003   PSV 1–0
  Lyon
2005   Tottenham Hotspur 3–1   Lyon
2007   Lyon 1–0
  Bolton Wanderers
2009   Aston Villa 0–0 (aet)
(4–3 on penalties)
  Juventus
2012

Winners and finalistsSunting

 
The trophy
Team[4] Titles Runners-up
  Lyon 1 (2007) 2 (2003, 2005)
  Aston Villa 1 (2009) 0
  Tottenham Hotspur 1 (2005) 0
  PSV 1 (2003) 0
  Bolton Wanderers 0 1 (2007)
  Juventus 0 1 (2009)

AwardsSunting

Most Valuable PlayersSunting

The Golden ball is awarded to the player on the basis of a vote taken among the media accredited to each Peace Cup tournament. There are also Silver Ball and Bronze Ball for the second and third best players respectively.[10]

Year Golden Ball Silver Ball Bronze Ball
2003   Park Ji-Sung[11]
2005   Robbie Keane   Mido   Lee Young-Pyo
2007   Karim Benzema   Jussi Jääskeläinen   Nicolas Anelka
2009   Ashley Young   Hulk   Marc Albrighton

Golden ShoeSunting

Year Player Team Goals
2003   Mark van Bommel PSV 2
2005   Robbie Keane Tottenham Hotspur 4
2007   Kim Källström Lyon 2
2009   Hulk Porto 3

Peace Queen CupSunting

Summaries of previous tournamentsSunting

Year Final[12]
Winner Score Runner-Up
2006   Amerika Serikat 1–0
  Kanada
2008   Amerika Serikat 1–0
  Kanada
2010   Korea Selatan 2–1
  Australia

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Warming Up for the Kick-off, Wall Street Journal, August 2, 2010
  2. ^ "Jerez se convierte hoy en una de las sedes oficiales de la 'Peace Cup 2009'" (dalam bahasa Spanish). AndaluciaPress. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-14. [pranala nonaktif]
  3. ^ "Peace Cup might go to Spain". The Washington Times. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-14. 
  4. ^ a b c "Peace Cup History". Goal.com. Diakses tanggal 15 July 2009. 
  5. ^ "Peace Queen Cup 2006". RSSSF. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-14. 
  6. ^ "국제 클럽축구대항전 피스컵, 2012년 한국 개최". Sports Seoul (dalam bahasa Korean). Naver. 2011-08-02. Diakses tanggal 2011-10-11. 
  7. ^ "History of Peace Cup(Korea)". Diakses tanggal 2009-08-02. 
  8. ^ a b "Sundowns in Peace Cup". BBC. 2005-01-27. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-14. 
  9. ^ "Galaxy to compete in inaugural World Peace King Cup". USA Today. 2003-02-05. Diakses tanggal 2008-06-14. 
  10. ^ "(Korea) who will win the gold?". media daum. 2007-07-19. Diakses tanggal 2009-07-15. 
  11. ^ "(Korea)Park Ji-Sung gets Golden Ball". hani.co.kr. Diakses tanggal 2009-07-15. 
  12. ^ "Peace Cup (South Korea)". RSSSF. September 24, 2009. Diakses tanggal November 8, 2009. 

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