Pertempuran New Orleans

Pertempuran New Orleans adalah sebuah pertempuran yang terjadi pada hari Minggu, 8 Januari 1815,[1] antara Angkatan Darat Britania di bawah Mayor Jenderal Sir Edward Pakenham, dan Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat di bawah Brevet Mayor Jenderal Andrew Jackson.[2] Pertempuran ini terjadi sekitar 5 mil (8,0 kilometer) di selatan kota New Orleans,[3] dekat kota Chalmette, Louisiana saat ini, dan merupakan kemenangan Amerika.[2] Pertempuran ini secara efektif menandai berakhirnya Perang tahun 1812.[4]

Pertempuran New Orleans
Bagian dari Perang tahun 1812

Kematian Pakenham pada Pertempuran New Orleans oleh F. O. C. Darley mengilustrasikan tewasnya Mayor Jenderal Britania Sir Edward Pakenham pada 8 Januari 1815.
Tanggal8 Januari 1815; 208 tahun lalu (1815-01-08)[1]
LokasiDekat New Orleans, Louisiana
Hasil Kemenangan Amerika[2]
Pihak terlibat
 Amerika Serikat
Choctaw Nation
 Britania Raya
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Amerika Serikat Bevert Mayor Jenderal Andrew Jackson Britania Raya Mayor Jenderal Sir Edward Pakenham 
~ 5.700[2] ~ 8.000[2]
13 tewas,
30 terluka
19 hilang atau tertawan[2]
285 tewas,
1.265 terluka
484 hilang atau tertawan[2]

Referensi sunting

Catatan sunting

  1. ^ a b Stoltz, Joseph F. III (2014). The Gulf Theater, 1813-1815 (PDF). The U.S. Army Campaigns of the War of 1812. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. hlm. 30–40. CMH Pub 74–7. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Battle of New Orleans Facts & Summary". American Battlefield Trust. Diakses tanggal July 8, 2018. 
  3. ^ "The Battle of New Orleans". National Geographic Society. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2021-02-24. Diakses tanggal July 10, 2018. 
  4. ^ "The Treaty of Ghent". National Park Service. Diakses tanggal July 10, 2018. 

Bibliografi sunting

  • Arthur, Stanley Clisby (1915), The story of the Battle of New Orleans, New Orleans: Louisiana Historical Society, OCLC 493033588 
  • Borneman, Walter H. (2004), 1812: The War that forged a nation, New York: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-053112-6 
  • Brooks, Charles B. (1961), The Siege of New Orleans, Seattle: University of Washington Press, OCLC 425116 
  • Brown, Wilburt S (1969), The Amphibious Campaign for West Florida and Louisiana, 1814–1815, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, ISBN 0-8173-5100-0 
  • Chapman, Ron (2013). The Battle of New Orleans: "But For A Piece Of Wood". Pelican Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4836-9761-1. 
  • Cooper, John Spencer (1996) [1869], Rough Notes of Seven Campaigns in Portugal, Spain, France and America During the Years 1809–1815, Staplehurst: Spellmount, ISBN 1-873376-65-0 
  • Drez, Ronald J. (2014). The War of 1812, conflict and deception: the British attempt to seize New Orleans and nullify the Louisiana Purchase. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 362 pages, ISBN 978-0-8071-5931-6.
  • Forrest, Charles Ramus (1961), The Battle of New Orleans: a British view; the journal of Major C.R. Forrest; Asst. QM General, 34th. Regiment of Foot, New Orleans: Hauser Press, OCLC 1253280 
  • Fraser, Edward, & L. G. Carr-Laughton (1930). The Royal Marine Artillery 1804–1923, Volume 1 [1804–1859]. London: The Royal United Services Institution. OCLC 4986867
  • Gleig, George Robert (1827), The Campaigns of the British Army at Washington and New Orleans, 1814–1815, London: J. Murray, ISBN 0-665-45385-X 
  • Groom, Winston. Patriotic Fire: Andrew Jackson and Jean Laffite at the Battle of New Orleans. New York: Vintage Books, 2006. ISBN 1-40004-436-7
  • Hickey, Donald R. Glorious Victory: Andrew Jackson and the Battle of New Orleans (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015). xii, 154 pp.
  • James, William (1818), A full and correct account of the military occurrences of the late war between Great Britain and the United States of America; with an appendix, and plates. Volume II, London: Printed for the author and distributed by Black et al., ISBN 0-665-35743-5, OCLC 2226903 
  • Lambert, Andrew (2012), The Challenge: Britain Against America in the Naval War of 1812, London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 0-571-27319-X 
  • Latour, Arsène Lacarrière (1999) [1816], Historical Memoir of the War in West Florida and Louisiana in 1814–15, with an Atlas, Gainesville: University Press of Florida, ISBN 0-8130-1675-4, OCLC 40119875 
  • Maass, Alfred R (1994), "Brownsville's steamboat Enterprize and Pittsburgh's supply of general Jackson's army", Pittsburgh History, 77: 22–29, ISSN 1069-4706 
  • Caffrey, Kate (1977), The Twilight's Last Gleaming, New York: Stein and Day, ISBN 0-8128-1920-9 
  • Owsley, Frank (1981), Struggle for the Gulf borderlands: the Creek War and the battle of New Orleans 1812–1815, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, ISBN 0-8173-1062-2 
  • Patterson, Benton Rains (2008), The Generals, Andrew Jackson, Sir Edward Pakenham, and the road to New Orleans, New York: New York University Press, ISBN 0-8147-6717-6 
  • Pickles, Tim (1993), New Orleans 1815, Osprey Campaign Series, 28, Osprey Publishing, ISBN 1-84176-150-8, OCLC 52914335 .
  • Porter, Maj Gen Whitworth (1889). History of the Corps of Royal Engineers Vol I. Chatham: The Institution of Royal Engineers. 
  • Quimby, Robert S. (1997), The U.S. Army in the War of 1812: an operational and command study, East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, ISBN 0-87013-441-8 
  • Reilly, Robin (1974), The British at the gates – the New Orleans campaign in the War of 1812, New York: Putnam, OCLC 839952 
  • Remini, Robert V. (1977), Andrew Jackson and the course of American empire, 1767–1821, New York: Harper & Row, ISBN 0-06-013574-3 
  • Remini, Robert V. (1999), The Battle of New Orleans, New York: Penguin Putnam, Inc., ISBN 0-670-88551-7 
  • Rowland, Eron (1971) [1926], Andrew Jackson's Campaign against the British, or, the Mississippi Territory in the War of 1812, concerning the Military Operations of the Americans, Creek Indians, British, and Spanish, 1813–1815, Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, ISBN 0-8369-5637-0 
  • Smith, Gene A. (2004), A British eyewitness at the Battle of New Orleans, the memoir of Royal Navy admiral Robert Aitchison, 1808–1827, New Orleans: The Historic New Orleans Collection, ISBN 0-917860-50-0 
  • Smith, Sir Harry "Various Anecdotes and Events of my Life – The Autobiography of Lt. Gen. Sir Harry Smith, covering the period 1787 to 1860" First published in 2 volumes, edited by G.C. Moore, London (1901)
  • Smith, Zachary F. (1904), The battle of New Orleans, Louisville, Kentucky: John P. Morton & Co. 
  • Stanley, George F. G. (1983), The War of 1812 – Land Operations, MacMillan & National Museum of Canada 
  • Stoltz, Joseph F., The Gulf Theatre, 1813-1815. ( Diarsipkan 2018-10-16 di Wayback Machine.)
  • Stoltz, Joseph F. A Bloodless Victory: The Battle of New Orleans in History and Memory Diarsipkan 2017-10-27 di Wayback Machine.. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017.
  • Surtees, W. (1996) [1833], Twenty-Five Years in the Rifle Brigade (edisi ke-Reprint), London: Greenhill Books, ISBN 1-85367-230-0 
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