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Pertempuran El Alamein Pertama (1–27 Juli 1942) adalah sebuah pertempuran dari Kampanye Gurun Barat dari Perang Dunia Kedua, yang terjadi di pesisir utara Mesir antara pasukan blok Poros (Jerman dan Italia) dari Tentara Panzer Afrika (Panzerarmee Afrika) (juga dikenal sebagai Korps Afrika) yang dikomandani oleh Jenderal Besar (Generalfeldmarschall) Erwin Rommel yang berjuluk "Rubah Gurun" dan pasukan Sekutu (Kekaisaran Britania, India Britania, Australia, Afrika Selatan dan Selandia Baru) dari Tentara Kedelapan, yang dikomandani oleh Jenderal Claude Auchinleck.

Posisi blok Poros berada di dekat El Alamein, yang hanya berjarak 66 mi (106 km) dari Iskandariyah

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Catatan kakiSunting

  1. ^ Reported strength on 30 June (55 German and 15 Italian tanks). An unknown number of tanks was also in repair workshops behind the front.
  2. ^ Strength at the frontline on 1 July. 902 tanks in repair workshops behind the front, of whom 34 were serviceable and many unrepairable.
  3. ^ Italian casualties are not known, but the Allies took 7,000 German and Italian prisoners.[4]

KutipanSunting

  1. ^ Barr, p. 39
  2. ^ Barr, p. 40
  3. ^ Watson (2007), p. 6
  4. ^ Barr, p. 184
  5. ^ a b Mackenzie (1951), p. 589

ReferensiSunting

  • Alanbrooke, Field Marshal Lord (2002) [1957]. Danchev, Alex; Todman, Daniel, ed. War Diaries 1939–1945 (edisi ke-re-edit.). London: Phoenix Press. ISBN 1-84212-526-5. 
  • Barr, Niall (2005) [2004]. Pendulum of war: the three battles of El Alamein. London: Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-6827-6. 
  • Bates, Peter (1992). Dance of war: the story of the Battle of Egypt. London: L. Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-453-9. 
  • Bharucha, P.C.; Prasad, Bisheshwar (1956). The North African campaign, 1940–43. Official history of the Indian Armed Forces in the Second World War, 1939–45. Delhi: Combined Inter-Services Historical Section, India & Pakistan. OCLC 563270. 
  • Caccia-Dominioni, Paolo (1966). Alamein 1933–1962: An Italian Story. Allen & Unwin. 
  • Clifford, Alexander (1943). Three Against Rommel: The Campaigns of Wavell, Auchinleck and Alexander. London: George G. Harrap & Co. 
  • Gannon, James (2002) [2001]. Stealing Secrets, Telling Lies: How Spies and Codebreakers Helped Shape the Twentieth Century. Washington DC: Brassey. ISBN 1-57488-473-5. 
  • Hinsley, F.H.; Thomas, E.E.; Ransom, C. F. G.; Knight, R. C. (1981). British Intelligence in the Second World War. Its influence on Strategy and Operations. Volume Two. London: HMSO. ISBN 0 11 630934 2. 
  • Johnston, Mark (2000). Fighting the Enemy: Australian soldiers and their adversaries in World War II. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-78222-8. 
  • Johnston, Mark; Stanley, Peter (2002). Alamein: The Australian Story. South Melbourne, Victoria: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-551630-3. 
  • Johnston, Mark (2003). That Magnificent 9th: An Illustrated History of the 9th Australian Division. Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-654-1. 
  • Lanza, Colonel Conrad H. "Perimeters in Paragraphs: The Axis Invades Egypt" (PDF). The Field Artillery Journal (September 1942). 
  • Latimer, Jon (2002). Alamein. London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-6203-1. 
  • Lewin, Ronald (1977). The Life and Death of the Afrika Korps: A Biography. Batsford. 
  • Mackenzie, Compton (1951). Eastern Epic. London: Chatto & Windus. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007) [1982]. Rommel's Desert War: The Life and Death of the Afrika Korps. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3413-4. 
  • Maughan, Barton (1966). Official History of Australia in the Second World War Volume III – Tobruk and El Alamein. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. 
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; with Flynn R.N., Captain F.C.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO 1960]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War United Kingdom Military Series. Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-067-X. 
  • Rommel, Erwin; Pimlott, John (1994). Rommel: in his own words. London: Greenhill Books. ISBN 978-1-85367-185-2. 
  • Scoullar, J. L. (1955). Kippenberger, Howard, ed. The Battle for Egypt: The Summer of 1942. The Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War, 1939–1945. Wellington: Historical Publications Branch. OCLC 2999615. Diakses tanggal 2 November 2007. 
  • Stewart, Adrian (2002). The Early Battles of Eighth Army: 'Crusader' to the Alamein Line 1941–1942. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-851-8. 
  • Watson, Bruce Allen (2007) [1999]. Exit Rommel. Mechanicsburg PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3381-6. 

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Koordinat: 30°50′N 28°57′E / 30.833°N 28.950°E / 30.833; 28.950