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Pertempuran Chotusitz atau Chotusice, kadang-kadang disebut Pertempuran Czaslau, adalah pertempuran yang berlangsung pada 17 Mei 1742 di Bohemia antara Austria yang dipimpin oleh Pangeran Karl Alexander dari Lorraine melawan Prusia di bawah pimpinan Friedrich yang Agung. Pertempuran ini merupakan bagian dari Perang Penerus Austria, yanag kadang-kadang disebut Perang Silesia Pertama. Jumlah tentara Austria adalah 30.000, sementara Prusia memiliki sekitar 28.000; Prusia memiliki lebih banyak infantri, sementara Austria memiliki lebih banyak kavaleri.[10] Tentara Austria mencoba merebut kembali Praha yang ditelah diduduki oleh Prusia, dan Prusia mencoba mencegah hal tersebut. Pertempuran ini penting karena merupakan satu-satunya pertempuran besar yang dimulai oleh Austria dalam perang ini.[11]

Pertempuran Chotusitz
Bagian dari Perang Penerus Austria
Tanggal17 Mei 1742
LokasiChotusice, Bohemia
49°56′N 15°23′E / 49.933°N 15.383°E / 49.933; 15.383Koordinat: 49°56′N 15°23′E / 49.933°N 15.383°E / 49.933; 15.383
Hasil Kemenangan Prusia
Pihak terlibat
Bendera Monarki Habsburg[1] Austria  Prusia
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Monarki HabsburgPangeran Karl Alexander dari Lorraine Bendera Prusia Friedrich yang Agung
Kekuatan
30.000[2]
40 meriam[3]
28.000
88 meriam[4]
Korban
7.000:[5][6]
1,052 tewas
5.000 hingga 6.000 terluka, hilang, termasuk:
1.000 ditangkap[7]
18 senapan
7.000:[8][9]
1.905 tewas
4.000 hingga 5.000 terluka, hilang, termasuk:
1.000 ditangkap

Catatan kakiSunting

  1. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, entry National Flags: "The Austrian imperial standard has, on a yellow ground, the black double-headed eagle, on the breast and wings of which are imposed shields bearing the arms of the provinces of the empire . The flag is bordered all round, the border being composed of equal-sided triangles with their apices alternately inwards and outwards, those with their apices pointing inwards being alternately yellow and white, the others alternately scarlet and black ." Also, Whitney Smith, Flags through the ages and across the world, McGraw-Hill, England, 1975 ISBN 0-07-059093-1, hlm.114 - 119, "The imperial banner was a golden yellow cloth...bearing a black eagle...The double-headed eagle was finally established by Sigismund as regent...".
  2. ^ Carlyle, Thomas. History of Friedrich II. of Prussia: called Frederick the Great, Volume 5, London, 1873, hlm. 125.
  3. ^ Stenzel, Gustav Adolf Harald. Geschichte des Preussischen Staats, Hamburg, 1851. hlm. 182.
  4. ^ Stenzel, Gustav Adolf Harald. Geschichte des Preussischen Staats, Hamburg, 1851. hlm. 182.
  5. ^ Carlyle, Thomas. History of Friedrich II. of Prussia: called Frederick the Great, Volume 5, London, 1873, hlm.131. Cust, Edward. Annals of the wars of the eighteenth century, Vol.II, London, 1858, hlm. 20, Cust gives 7,000 total.
  6. ^ Müller, Paul, Zur schlacht bei Chotusitz, Berlin, 1905, hlm. 54, gives Austrian losses as: 6332 infantry, 984 cavalry, 18 cannon. Cust, Edward. Annals of the wars of the eighteenth century, Vol.II, London, 1858, hlm. 20, Cust gives Austrians losses as 18 cannon, 2 pair of colors and 1200 prisoners.
  7. ^ Morris, Constance Lily. Maria Theresa - The Last Conservative, 1937, hlm. 103.
  8. ^ Carlyle, Thomas. History of Friedrich II. of Prussia: called Frederick the Great, Volume 5, London, 1873, hlm. 131. Cust, Edward. Annals of the wars of the eighteenth century, Vol.II, London, 1858, hlm. 20, Cust gives 7,000 total.
  9. ^ Müller, Paul, Zur schlacht bei Chotusitz, Berlin, 1905, hlm. 54, gives Prussian losses as: 4778 infantry, 2635 cavalry, 11 standards and one color. Cust, Edward. Annals of the wars of the eighteenth century, Vol.II, London, 1858, hlm. 20, Cust gives Prussian losses as 14 standards, 2 pairs of colors, 1,000 prisoners.
  10. ^ Browning, Reed.The War of the Austrian Succession. St. Martin's Press, New York, (1993): ISBN 0-312-12561-5, hlm. 104.
  11. ^ Browning, Reed.The War of the Austrian Succession. St. Martin's Press, New York, (1993): ISBN 0-312-12561-5, hlm.104