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Polisi menanyai seorang warga sipil saat Kedaruratan Malaya. Penumpasan pemberontakan meliputi tindakan baik dari otoritas militer maupun polisi.

Penumpasan pemberontakan (bahasa Inggris: counter-insurgency, counterinsurgency,[1] COIN) dapat diartikan sebagai "upaya militer dan sipil menyeluruh yang diambil untuk mengalahkan dan memadamkan pemberontakan dan mencabut sampai ke akar-akarnya".[2] Pemberontakan yang dimaksud adalah pemberontakan melawan sebuah pemerintahan yang dilancarkan oleh orang-orang atau kelompok-kelompok yang tidak diakui sebagai pihak yang turut berperang (belligerent) dalam hukum humaniter internasional.[3]

ReferensiSunting

Catatan

  1. ^ See American and British English spelling differences#Compounds and hyphens
  2. ^ U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Guide (PDF). Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Department of State. 2009. Diakses tanggal September 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ "insurgent B. n. One who rises in revolt against constituted authority; a rebel who is not recognized as a belligerent." Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)

Bacaan tambahan

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  • Arreguin-Toft, Ivan. "Tunnel at the End of the Light: A Critique of U.S. Counter-terrorist Grand Strategy," Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 3 (2002), pp. 549–563.
  • Arreguin-Toft, Ivan. "How to Lose a War on Terror: A Comparative Analysis of a Counterinsurgency Success and Failure", in Jan Ångström and Isabelle Duyvesteyn, Eds., Understanding Victory and Defeat in Contemporary War. (London: Frank Cass, 2007).
  • Burgoyne, Michael L. and Albert J. Marckwardt (2009). The Defense of Jisr al-Doreaa With E. D. Swinton's "The Defence of Duffer's Drift". University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-08093-2. 
  • Callwell, C. E., Small Wars: Their Principles & Practice. (Lincoln, Nebraska: Bison Books, 1996), ISBN 0-8032-6366-X.
  • Cassidy, Robert M. Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terror: Military Culture and Irregular War. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008).
  • Catignani, Sergio. Israeli Counter-Insurgency and the two Intifadas: Dilemmas of a Conventional Army. (London: Routledge, 2008), ISBN 978-0-415-43388-4.
  • Corum, James. Bad Strategies: How Major Powers Fail in Counterinsurgency. (Minneapolis, MN: Zenith, 2008), ISBN 0-7603-3080-8.
  • Corum, James. Fighting the War on Terror: A Counterinsurgency Strategy. (Minneapolis, MN: Zenith, 2007), ISBN 0-7603-2868-4.
  • Galula, David. Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice. (Wesport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1964), ISBN 0-275-99269-1.
  • Derradji Abder-Rahmane. The Algerian Guerrilla Campaign Strategy & Tactics. (New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1997)
  • Joes, James Anthony. Resisting Rebellion: The History and Politics of Counterinsurgency. (Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2004), ISBN 0-8131-9170-X.
  • Karnow, Stanley (1997). Vietnam: A history. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-670-84218-6. 
  • Kilcullen, David. The Accidental Guerrilla: Fighting Small Wars in the Midst of a Big One. (London: Hurst, 2009).
  • Kilcullen, David. Counterinsurgency. (London: Hurst, 2010).
  • Kitson, Frank, Low Intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency and Peacekeeping. (1971)
  • Larson, Luke. Senator's Son: An Iraq War Novel. (Phoenix: Key Edition, 2010), ISBN 0-615-35379-7.
  • Mackinlay, John. The Insurgent Archipelago. (London: Hurst, 2009).
  • Mao Zedong. Aspects of China's Anti-Japanese Struggle (1948).
  • Melson, Charles D. "German Counter-Insurgency Revisited." Journal of Slavic Military Studies 24#1 (2011): 115-146. online
  • Merom, Gil. How Democracies Lose Small Wars: State, Society, and the Failures of France in Algeria, Israel in Lebanon, and the United States in Vietnam. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003), ISBN 0-521-00877-8.
  • Thompson, Robert. Defeating Communist Insurgency: Experiences from Malaya and Vietnam. (Chatto & Windus, 1966).
  • Tomes, Robert, "Relearning Counterinsurgency Warfare", Parameters (Spring 2004)
  • Van Creveld, Martin, The Changing Face of War: Combat from the Marne to Iraq, (New York: Ballantine, 2008). ISBN 978-0-89141-902-0
  • Zambernardi, Lorenzo. "Counterinsurgency's Impossible Trilemma", The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 33, No. 3 (2010), pp. 21–34.

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