Pemukiman Israel

Pemukiman Israel, atau koloni Israel,[1][2][3] adalah komunitas kecil yang dihuni oleh warga Israel, nyari secara khusus suku bangsa Yahudi,[4][5] yang dibangun melanggar hukum internasional soal pendudukan tanah oleh Israel dalam Perang Enam Hari tahun 1967.[6] Pemukiman Israel kini berada di teritorial Tepi Barat, termasuk Yerusalem Timur dan wilayah Dataran Tinggi Golan di Suriah. Yerusalem Timur dan Daratan Tinggi Golan dianeksasi oleh Israel, sehingga para penduduknya diperlakukan setara dengan wilayah Israel lainnya di bawah hukum Israel.

Pemukiman Tepi Barat (2020)
Pemukiman Yerusalem Timur (2006)
Pemakaman Dataran Tinggi Golan (1992)

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Matar, Ibrahim (1981). "Israeli Settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip". Journal of Palestine Studies. 11 (1): 93–110. doi:10.2307/2536048. ISSN 0377-919X. JSTOR 2536048. The pattern and process of land seizure for the purpose of constructing these Israeli colonies... 
  2. ^ Isaac, Jad; Hilal, Jane (2011). "Palestinian landscape and the Israeli–Palestinian conflict". International Journal of Environmental Studies. 68 (4): 413–429. doi:10.1080/00207233.2011.582700. ISSN 0020-7233. The continuous construction of Israeli colonies and bypass roads all over the Palestinian land... 
  3. ^ Thawaba, Salem (2019). "Building and planning regulations under Israeli colonial power: a critical study from Palestine". Planning Perspectives. 34 (1): 133–146. doi:10.1080/02665433.2018.1543611. ISSN 0266-5433. Moreover in 1995 38,500 housing units were built in Jewish settlements (colonies)... 
  4. ^ Haklai, O.; Loizides, N. (2015). Settlers in Contested Lands: Territorial Disputes and Ethnic Conflicts. Stanford University Press. hlm. 19. ISBN 978-0-8047-9650-7. Diakses tanggal 2018-12-14. the Israel settlers reside almost solely in exclusively Jewish communities (one exception is a small enclave within the city of Hebron). 
  5. ^ Dumper, M. (2014). Jerusalem Unbound: Geography, History, and the Future of the Holy City. Columbia University Press. hlm. 85. ISBN 978-0-231-53735-3. Diakses tanggal 2018-12-14. This is despite huge efforts by successive governments to fragment and encircle Palestinian residential areas with exclusively Jewish zones of residence – the settlements. 
  6. ^ Rivlin, P. (2010). The Israeli Economy from the Foundation of the State through the 21st Century. Cambridge University Press. hlm. 143. ISBN 978-1-139-49396-3. Diakses tanggal 2018-12-14. In the June 1967 Six Day War, Israel occupied the Golan Heights, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Sinai Peninsula. Soon after, it began to build the first settlements for Jews in those areas. 

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  Media terkait Israeli settlements in occupied territories di Wikimedia Commons