Paul Lawrence Dunbar

Paul Laurence Dunbar (lahir 27 Juni 1872 – meninggal 9 Februari 1906 pada umur 33 tahun) adalah penyair, novelis, dan dramawan berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat pada akhir abad ke-19 dan awal abad ke-20. Lahir di Dayton, Ohio, dari orang tua yang mengalami masa pebudakan di Kentucky sebelum Perang Saudara Amerika Serikat, Dunbar memulai menuliskan cerita pendek sejak usia dini dan menempuh pendidikan literasi. Dia memublikasikan puisinya pada usia 16 tahun di surat kabar Dayton.[1][2][3][4]

Paul Laurence Dunbar
Paul Laurence Dunbar circa 1890.jpg
Dunbar circa 1890
Lahir(1872-06-27)27 Juni 1872
Dayton, Ohio, United States
Meninggal9 Februari 1906(1906-02-09) (umur 33)
Dayton, Ohio
Sebab meninggalTuberculosis
Tempat peristirahatanWoodland Cemetery
Dayton, Ohio
KebangsaanAmerican
PekerjaanPoet
Suami/istriAlice Dunbar

BibliografiSunting

 
1899 edition of Poems of Cabin and Field
Puisi
  • Oak and Ivy (1892)[5]
  • Majors and Minors (1896)[5]
  • Lyrics of Lowly Life (1896)[5]
  • "We Wear the Mask" (1896)[5]
  • Li'l' Gal (1896)
  • When Malindy Sings (1896)
  • Poems of Cabin and Field (1899)
  • Candle-lightin' Time (1901)
  • Lyrics of the Hearthside published (1902), copyright date of 1899
  • The Haunted Oak (1900)
  • In Old Plantation Days (1903)[5]
  • Lyrics of Sunshine and Shadow (1905)[5]
Cerita pendek dan novel
  • Folks From Dixie (1898), short story collection[6]
  • The Heart of Happy Hollow: A Collection of Stories[7]
  • The Strength of Gideon and Other Stories (1900).[7]
  • The Uncalled (1898), novel, available at the Gutenberg Project
  • The Love of Landry "was deemed unconvincing in its presentation of white characters and was dismissed as inferior to Dunbar's tales of blacks."[6]
  • The Fanatics, "about America at the beginning of the Civil War. Its central characters are from white families who differ in their North-South sympathies and spark a dispute in their Ohio community. The Fanatics was a commercial failure upon publication, and in the ensuing years it has continued to be regarded as a superficial, largely uncompelling work."[6]
  • The Sport of the Gods (1902), novel[7]
Artikel

In popular cultureSunting

Warisan dan penghargaanSunting

Numerous schools and places have been named in honor of Dunbar. These include:

-Lower schools:

-College buildings:

-Other institutions:

Lihat pulaSunting

ReferensiSunting

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Corrothers, James David. In Spite of the Handicap: An Autobiography. George H. Doran Company, 1916, pp. 143-147.
  2. ^ Alexander, 17.
  3. ^ Alexander, 19.
  4. ^ Wagner, 75.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Best, 137.
  6. ^ a b c "Paul Laurence Dunbar", Poetry Foundation.
  7. ^ a b c d Browse authors: "Paul Laurence Dunbar, 1872–1906", Gutenberg Project.
  8. ^ Amy Davidson, 'The Strange Case of 'Who Dat,' The New Yorker, February 9, 2010, and Dave Dunbar, "The chant is older than we think", in Times-Picayune (New Orleans), 2010, January 13, Saint Tammany Edition, pp. A1, A10.
  9. ^ Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, National Park Service
  10. ^ Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.

Rujukan karyaSunting

  • Alexander, Eleanor C. Lyrics of Sunshine and Shadow: The Tragic Courtship and Marriage of Paul Laurence Dunbar and Alice Ruth Moore. New York: New York University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8147-0696-7.
  • Best, Felton O. Crossing the Color Line: A Biography of Paul Laurence Dunbar, 1872-1906. Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co., 1996. ISBN 0-7872-2234-8.
  • Nettels, Elsa. Language, Race, and Social Class in Howells's America. University Press of Kentucky, 1988. ISBN 0-8131-1629-5.
  • Wagner, Jean. Black Poets of the United States: From Paul Laurence Dunbar to Langston Hughes. University of Illinois Press, 1973. ISBN 0-252-00341-1.

Bacaan lainnyaSunting

Pranala luarSunting