Matsyendra

Matsyendra, juga dikenal sebagai Matsyendranātha, Macchindranāth, Mīnanātha dan Minapa (awal abad ke-10) adalah seorang orang suci dan yogi dalam sejumlah tradisi Buddha dan Hindu. Ia biasanya dianggap sebagai pembangkit hatha yoga serta pengarang beberapa teks terawalnya. Ia juga dipandang sebagai pendiri natha sampradaya, yang menerima ajaran-ajaran dari Siwa.[4] Ia secara khusus diasosiasikan dengan kaula shaivisme.[5] Ia juga merupakan salah satu dari delapan puluh empat mahasiddha dan dianggap sebagai guru Gorakshanath, figur penting lain dalam hatha yoga awal. Ia dimuliakan oleh Hindu dan Buddha dan terkadang dianggap sebagai inkarnasi Avalokiteśvara.

Matsyendra
Matsyendra, Matsyendranātha
Matsyendra atau Matsyendranātha
LahirAbad ke-10
Kamarupa[1][2][3]
PendiriHatha yoga
AliranNath, Kaula shaivisme
FalsafahHatha yoga, Tantra
Pengikut terkenalGorakshanath, Jalandharnath, Kanifnath (Kanhoba), Gahininath, Bhartrinath, Revan Nath, Charpatinath and Naganath
Kaulajnan-Nirnaya, Akul-Viratantra[2]

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama JPASB
  2. ^ a b Suhas Chatterjee (1998), Indian Civilization and Culture, P.441 Vajrayana Buddhist cult flourished in Kamarupa in the 10th century. It is locally known as Sahajia cult. The celebrated Buddhist monk Minannatha of Tibet happeneed to be a son of a fisherman of Kamarupa. However, some scholars say that Minanatha was a native of Bengal. Another monk in Tibet, Rahula was an Assamese from Kamarupa. Akulaviratantra, a text on tantra worship was compiled by Minanatha.
  3. ^ Feuerstein, Georg (2013-09-11). The Yoga Tradition: Its History, Literature, Philosophy and Practice (Kindle Locations 12785-12786). Hohm Press. Kindle Edition. "Hindu tradition associates the creation of Hatha- Yoga with Goraksha Nâtha (Hindi: Gorakhnâth) and his teacher Matsyendra Nâtha"
  4. ^ Feuerstein, Georg (2013-09-11). The Yoga Tradition: Its History, Literature, Philosophy and Practice (Kindle Locations 12788-12789). Hohm Press. Kindle Edition. "Matsyendra was a chief representative, if not the originator, of what is known as Nâthism. But Shiva himself is considered as the source of the Nâtha lineage and is invoked as Adinâtha or 'Primordial Lord.'" (Kindle Locations 12825-12827). "Using his third eye, Shiva gazed straight through the mountain of flesh into the fish’s stomach, where he saw Mina. He was thrilled at the discovery, saying, “Now I see who my real disciple is.” Turning to his sleepy spouse, he said: “I will initiate him rather than you.”"
  5. ^ Feuerstein, Georg (2013-09-11). The Yoga Tradition: Its History, Literature, Philosophy and Practice (Kindle Locations 12803-12804). Hohm Press. Kindle Edition. "He is specifically associated with the Kaula sect of the Siddha movement, within which he may have founded the Yoginî-Kaula branch."

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Mahendranath, Shri Gurudev. "Ecstasy, Equipoise, and Eternity". Mahendranath.org. International Nath Order. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 8 February 2009. Diakses tanggal 22 March 2015. 
  • Mahendranath, Shri Gurudev. "Notes on Pagan India". Mahendranath.org. International Nath Order. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2 February 2009. Diakses tanggal 22 March 2015. 

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