Lillian Hellman

Lillian Florence Hellman (20 Juni 1905 – 30 Juni 1984) adalah seorang pengarang sandiwara, pengarang dan penulis naskah asal Amerika Serikat yang dikenal karena kesuksesannya di Broadway, serta karena ia bersimpati dengan komunis dan berkegiatan politik. Ia dimasukkan dalam daftar hitam oleh House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) pada puncak kampanye anti-komunis 1947–1952. Meskipun ia tetap berkarya di Broadway pada 1950an, masuknya ia dalam daftar hutam oleh industri film Amerika menyebabkan pendapatannya turun. Beberapa orang memuji Hellman karena enggan menjawab pertanyaan dari HUAC, namun pihak lainnya meyakini bahwa ia masuk Partai Komunis, meskipun ia menyangkalinya.

Lillian Hellman
Hellman pada 1935
Hellman pada 1935
LahirLillian Florence Hellman
(1905-06-20)20 Juni 1905
New Orleans, Louisiana, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal30 Juni 1984(1984-06-30) (umur 79)
Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts, Amerika Serikat
MakamPemakaman Abels Hill Chilmark, Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard
Pekerjaan
  • Pengarang drama
  • pengarang
  • penulis naskah
Pasangan
(m. 1925; bercerai 1932)
Pasangan hidupDashiell Hammett (1931–1961; kematian Hammett)

CatatanSunting

ReferensiSunting

  • Alan Ackerman, Just Words: Lillian Hellman, Mary McCarthy, and the Failure of Public Conversation in America (Yale University Press, 2011)
  • Thomas Carl Austenfeld., American Women Writers and the Nazis: Ethics and Politics in Boyle, Porter, Stafford, and Hellman (University Press of Virginia, 2001)
  • Jackson R. Bryer, ed., Conversations with Lillian Hellman (University Press of Mississippi, 1986), a collection of 27 interviews published between 1936 and 1981
  • Bernard F. Dick, Hellman in Hollywood (East Brunswick, NJ: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1982)
  • Peter Feibleman, Lilly: Reminiscences of Lillian Hellman (NY: Morrow, 1988)
  • Alice Griffin and Geraldine Thorsten, Understanding Lillian Hellman (University of South Carolina Press, 1999)
  • John Earl Haynes, "Hellman and the Hollywood Inquisition: The Triumph of Spin-Control over Candour," Film History, vol 10, No. 3, 1998, pp. 408–14
  • Barbara Lee Horn, Lillian Hellman: A Research and Production Sourcebook (Greenwood Press, 1998)
  • Alice Kessler-Harris, A Difficult Woman: The Challenging Life and Times of Lillian Hellman (Bloomsbury Press, 2012)
  • Rosemary Mahoney, A Likely Story: One Summer With Lillian Hellman (NY: Doubleday, 1998)
  • Deborah Martinson, Lillian Hellman: A Life with Foxes and Scoundrels (Counterpoint Press, 2005; ISBN 9781582433158)
  • Joan Mellen, Hellman and Hammett: The Legendary Passion of Lillian Hellman and Dashiell Hammett, (NY: HarperCollins, 1996)
  • Richard Moody, Lillian Hellman: Playwright (NY: Pegasus, 1972)
  • Robert P. Newman, The Cold War Romance of Lillian Hellman and John Melby (University of North Carolina Press, 1989)
  • Carl E. Rollyson, Lillian Hellman: Her Legend and Her Legacy (NY: St. Martin's Press, 1988)
  • Alan Barrie Spitzer, Historical Truth and Lies about the Past: Reflections on Dewey, Dreyfus, de Man, and Reagan (University of North Carolina Press, 1996), ch. 1: "John Dewey, the 'Trial' of Leon Trotsky, and the Search for Historical Truth"
  • William Wright, Lillian Hellman: The Image, the Woman (NY: Simon and Schuster, 1986)
  • Doris V. Falk, "Lillian Hellman" (Ungar; 1978)

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