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Joannes Leo Africanus (/ˌæfrɪˈknəs/; nama lahir al-Hasan bin Muhammad al-Wazzan al-Fasi, Arab: حسن ابن محمد الوزان الفاسي‎; s. 1494 – s. 1554) adalah seorang diplomat dan penulis Al-Andalus berdarah Berber[2] yang dikenal karena membuat buku Descrittione dell’Africa (Deskripsi Afrika) yang menyoroti geografi Maghreb dan Lembah Nil. Buku tersebut diterima di kalangan muridnya di Eropa sebagai risalah paling otoritatif tentang subyek tersebut sampai penjelajahan Afrika modern.[3]

Leo Africanus
Sebastiano del Piombo Portrait of a Humanist.jpg
Potret dari seorang Humanis, s. 1520. Identitas orang yang digambarkan tak diketahui namun diyakini adalah Leo Africanus [1]
Lahiral-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Wazzan
s. 1494
Meninggals. 1554
PekerjaanDiplomat, geografer, penjelajah
Karya terkenalDeskripsi Afrika

Daftar isi

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Rauchenberger 1999, hlm. 78-79.
  2. ^ Rauchenberger 1999, hlm. 27–28.
  3. ^ Masonen 2001.

SumberSunting

  • Fisher, Humphrey J. (1978). "Leo Africanus and the Songhay conquest of Hausaland". International Journal of African Historical Studies. Boston University African Studies Center. 11 (1): 86–112. doi:10.2307/217055. JSTOR 217055. 
  • Masonen, Pekka (2001). "Leo Africanus: the man with many names". Al-Andalus Magreb. 8–9: 115–143.  Text also available here.
  • Rauchenberger, Dietrich (1999). Johannes Leo der Afrikaner: seine Beschreibung des Raumes zwischen Nil und Niger nach dem Urtext (dalam bahasa German). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 3-447-04172-2. 
  • Leo Africanus (1600). A Geographical Historie of Africa, written in Arabicke and Italian. Before which is prefixed a generall description of Africa, and a particular treatise of all the lands undescribed. Translated and collected by John Pory. London: G. Bishop.  The first translation into English.
  • Leo Africanus (1896). The History and Description of Africa (3 Vols). Brown, Robert, editor. London: Hakluyt Society.  Internet Archive: Volume 1 (pp. 1–224), Volume 2, Volume 3 (pp. 669–1119); Geographical index. The original text of Pory's 1600 English translation together with an introduction and notes by the editor.
  • Verde, Tom (2008). "A man of two worlds". Saudi Aramco World (January/February 2008): 2–9. 

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Davis, Natalie Zemon (2007). Trickster Travels: a sixteenth-century Muslim between worlds. New York: Hill and Wang. ISBN 0-8090-9435-5. 
  • Jean-Léon l'Africain (1956). Description de l'Afrique: Nouvelle édition traduite de l'italien par Alexis Épaulard et annotée par Alexis Épaulard, Théodore Monod, Henri Lhote et Raymond Mauny (2 Vols). Paris: Maisonneuve.  A scholarly translation into French with extensive notes.
  • Hunwick, John O. (1999). Timbuktu and the Songhay Empire: Al-Sadi's Tarikh al-Sudan down to 1613 and other contemporary documents. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 90-04-11207-3.  pages 272–291 contain a translation into English of Leo Africanus's descriptions of the Middle Niger, Hausaland and Bornu. Corresponds to Épaulard 1956 Vol II pages 463–481.
  • Masonen, Pekka (2000). The Negroland revisited: Discovery and invention of the Sudanese middle ages. Helsinki: Finnish Academy of Science and Letters. hlm. 167–207. ISBN 951-41-0886-8. 

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