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Kewarganegaraan global atau kewarganegaraan dunia dalam makna luas mengacu pada seseorang yang mengutamakan identitas "masyarakat global" di atas identitasnya sebagai warga negara. Menurut konsep ini, identitas seseorang sudah melintasi batas geografi atau politik dan manusia di planet Bumi saling bergantung dengan satu sama lain; umat manusia merupakan satu kesatuan. Istilah ini digunakan di bidang pendidikan dan filsafat politik dan dikenal di gerakan-gerakan sosial seperti gerakan warga dunia dan mundialisasi.

DefinisiSunting

Istilah "kewarganegaraan" merujuk pada identitas antara seseorang dan kota, negara, atau bangsa dan haknya untuk bekerja, menetap, dan berpartisipasi secara politik di wilayah tertentu. Bila ditambah kata "global", istilah tersebut mendefinisikan seseorang yang mengutamakan identitas "masyarakat global" di atas identitasnya sebagai warga negara. Identitas seseorang sudah melintasi batas geografi atau politik dan tanggung jawab beserta haknya merupakan bukti keanggotaannya dalam "umat manusia". Ini bukan berarti orang tersebut menolak atau mencabut kebangsaannya atau identitas lokalnya. Identitas global merupakan "tempat kedua" dalam keanggotaannya di komunitas global.[1] Konsep ini juga memunculkan persoalan seputar masyarakat global pada zaman globalisasi.[2]

Secara umum, istilah ini memiliki makna yang kurang lebih sama seperti "warga dunia" atau "kosmopolitan", tetapi "kewarganegaraan global" memiliki makna khusus dalam konteks yang berbeda.

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Daftar pustakaSunting

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