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Keterlibatan Jerman dalam Perang Saudara Spanyol

Keterlibatan Jerman dalam Perang Saudara Spanyol dimulai dengan permulaan perang tersebut pada Juli 1936, dengan Adolf Hitler tak lama mengirim unit bersenjata dan udara untuk membantu Jenderal Francisco Franco dan Pasukan Nasionalis. Uni Soviet mengirim pasukan yang berjumlah lebih sedikit untuk membantu pemerintahan Republikan, dengan Inggris dan Prancis dan dua puluh negara lain memberlakukan embargo terhadap pihak manapun di Spanyol.

Jerman involvement Templat:Nowr
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H25224, Guernica, Ruinen.jpg
AktifTemplat:Nowr
Negara Jerman Nazi
AliansiTemplat:Country data Negara Spanyol
PeranMendukung Pasukan Nasionalis
KonflikPerang Saudara Spanyol

ReferensiSunting

CatatanSunting


KutipanSunting

  1. ^ Carr (1971). p. 209.

Daftar pustakaSunting

  • Beevor, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936–1939. London: Phoenix. ISBN 978-0-7538-2165-7. 
  • Carr, Raymond (1971). The Republic and the Civil War in Spain. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-00632-0. 
  • Cienciala, Anna M. (1968). Poland and the Western Powers 1938–1939: A Study in the Interdependence of Eastern and Western Europe. London: Routledge & K. Paul. ISBN 978-0-7100-5021-2. 
  • Corum, James S. (1995) "The Luftwaffe and the coalition air war in Spain, 1936–1939," Journal of Strategic Studies, (1995) 18:1, 68–90.
  • Joe Julius Heydecker; Johannes Leeb (1975). The Nuremberg Trial: A History of Nazi Germany as revealed through the testimony at Nuremberg. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-8371-8131-8. Diakses tanggal 26 May 2011. 
  • Howson, Gerald (1998). Arms for Spain. London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-5556-6. 
  • Knight, Patricia (1998). The Spanish Civil War. London: Hodder & Stoughton Educational. ISBN 978-0-340-70137-9. 
  • Leitz, Christian (1996). Economic Relations between Nazi Germany and Franco's Spain:1936–1945. Oxford historical monographs (edisi ke-illustrated). New York: Oxford University Press. hlm. 81–92. ISBN 978-0-19-820645-3. Diakses tanggal 22 May 2011. 
  • Leitz, Christian. (1996) "Hermann Göring and Nazi Germany's Economic Exploitation of Nationalist Spain, 1936–1939." German History 14.1 (1996): 21–37.
  • Morente, Francisco. (2017) "On Hostile Soil: Spanish Republican Diplomats in Berlin at the Onset of the Spanish Civil War." Contemporary European History 26.1 (2017): 49–67.
  • Núñez Seixas, Xosé M. (2017) "Wishful Thinking in Wartime? Spanish Blue Division's Soldiers and Their Views of Nazi Germany, 1941–44." Journal of War & Culture Studies (2017): 1–18.
  • Núñez Seixas, Xosé M. (2018) "Spanish Views of Nazi Germany, 1933–45: A Fascist Hybridization?." Journal of Contemporary History (2018): 0022009417739366.
  • Payne, Stanley G. (1996). A History of Fascism, 1914–1945. London: Routledge. ISBN 1-85728-595-6. 
  • Stone, Glyn (1997). "Sir Robert Vansittart and Spain, 1931–1941". Dalam Otte, Thomas G.; Pagedas, Constantine A. London: Routledge.  Tidak memiliki atau tanpa |title= (bantuan)
  • Thomas, Hugh (1961). The Spanish Civil War (edisi ke-1). London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. 
  • Thomas, Hugh (1987). The Spanish Civil War (edisi ke-2, illustrated). London: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-241-89450-7. 
  • Westwell, Ian (2004). Condor Legion: The Wehrmacht's Training Ground. Spearhead. 15. Hersham, United Kingdom: Ian Allan publishing. ISBN 978-0-7110-3043-5. 
  • Whealey, Robert H. (1989). Hitler and Spain: The Nazi Role in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. University Press of Kentucky. 
  • "Spain: the British Compromise Plan". Bulletin of International News. London: Royal Institute of International Affairs. 14 (3). 7 August 1937. ISSN 2044-3986. JSTOR 25639692. 

Sumber primerSunting

  • Schmitt, Bernadotte et al. eds. Documents on German foreign policy, 1918–1945. Series D (1937–1945) vol III: Germany and the Spanish Civil War 1936–1939 (Washington: Government Printing Office; 1950) WorldCat library holdings