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Kang Youwei (Hanzi sederhana: 康有为; Hanzi tradisional: 康有為; Pinyin: Kāng Yǒuwéi; Wade–Giles: K'ang Yu-wei; 19  Maret 1858 – 31  Maret 1927), adalah seorang terpelajar asal Tiongkok, yang terkenal sebagai kaligrafer dan pemikir politik berpengaruh dan reformator pada akhir dinasti Qing.

Kang Youwei
Kangnanhai.jpg
Lahir(1858-03-19)19 Maret 1858
Distrik Nanhai, Guangdong, Kekaisaran Qing
Meninggal31 Maret 1927(1927-03-31) (umur 69)
Qingdao, Shandong, Republik China
Nama lainKang Zuyi 康祖詒
Kang Guangxia 康廣廈
Dikenal atasPemimpin gerakan Gongche Shangshu
Pemimpin Reformasi Seratus Hari
Karya terkenalReformasi Kaisar Meiji (日本明治變政考), dan Reformasi Peter yang Agung (俄大彼得變政記)
Suami/istriZhang Yunzhu
Liang Xujiao
He Zhanli
istri ke-4
Liao Dingzhen
Zhang Guang
Anak15 anak, termasuk Kang Tongbi
KerabatKang Youpu (saudara)

KematianSunting

 
Bekas rumah Kang Youwei di Qingdao

Kang wafat di rumahnya di kota Qingdao, Shandong pada 1927. Ia berusia 69 tahun.

ReferensiSunting

  1. Jung-pang Lo. K'ang Yu-wei: A Biography and a Symposium. Library of Congress number 66-20911.
  2. M. E. Cameron, The Reform Movement in China, 1898–1912 (1931, repr. 1963); biography ed. and tr. by Lo Jung-pang (1967).
  3. CHANG HAO: "Intellectual change and the reform movement, 1890-1898", in: Twitchett, Denis and Fairbanks, John (ed.): The Cambridge History of China, Vol. 11, Late Ch’ing, 1800–1911, Part 2 (1980). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 274–338, esp. 283-300, 318-338.
  4. FRANKE, WOLFGANG: Die staatspolitischen Reformversuche K’ang Yu-weis und seiner Schule (1935). (Ph.D.).
  5. HOWARD, RICHARD C., "K’ang Yu-wei (1858-1927): His Intellectual Background and Early Thought", in A.F. Wright and Denis Twitchett (eds.): Confucian Personalities. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1962, pp. 294–316 and 382-386 (notes).
  6. HOWARD, RICHARD C.: The early life and thought of K’ang Yu-wei, 1858-1927 (1972). Ph.D. Columbia University.
  7. HSIAO, KUNG-CHUAN: A Modern China and a New World – K`ang Yu-wei, Reformer and Utopian, 1858-1927 (1975). Seattle and London: University of Washington Press.
  8. KARL, REBECCA and ZARROW, PETER (Hg.): Rethinking the 1898 Reform Period – Political and Cultural Change in Late Qing China (2002). Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press, esp. pp. 24–33.
  9. TENG, SSU-YÜ and FAIRBANK, JOHN K.: China's response to the West – a documentary survey 1839-1923 (1954, 1979). Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 147–164 (chapter about Kang Youwei).
  10. THOMPSON, LAURENCE G.: Ta t´ung shu: the one-world philosophy of K`ang Yu-wei (1958). London: George Allen and Unwin, esp. pp. 37–57.
  11. ZARROW, PETER: “The rise of Confucian radicalism”, in Zarrow, Peter: China in war and revolution, 1895-1949 (New York: Routledge), 2005, 12-29.
  12. W. Franke, Die staatspolitischen Reformversuche K'ang Yu-weis u. seiner Schule. Ein Beitrag zur geistigen Auseinandersetzung Chinas mit dem Abendlande (in Mitt. des Seminars für Orientalische Sprachen, Bln. 38, 1935, Nr. 1, S. 1–83). –
  13. R. C. Howard, "K'ang Yu-wei (1858–1927): His Intellectual Background and Early Thought" (in Confucian Personalities, Hg. A. F. Wright u. D. Twitchett, Stanford 1962, S. 294–316). –
  14. K'ang Yu-wei. A Biography and a Symposium, Hg. Lo Jung-pang, Tucson 1967 (The Association for Asian Studies: Monographs and Papers, Bd. 23).
  15. G. Sattler-v. Sivers, Die Reformbewegung von 1898 (in Chinas große Wandlung. Revolutionäre Bewegungen im 19. u. 20. Jh., Hg. P. J. Opitz, Mchn. 1972, S. 55–81). –
  16. Chi Wen-shun, K'ang Yu-wei (1858–1927) (in Die Söhne des Drachen. Chinas Weg vom Konfuzianismus zum Kommunismus, Hg. P. J. Opitz, Mchn. 1974, S. 83–109). –
  17. Hsiao Kung-chuan, A Modern China and a New World: K'ang Yu-wei, Reformer and Utopian, 1858–1927, Seattle 1975.
  18. Kuang Bailin, Kang Youwei di zhexue sixiang, Peking 1980. –
  19. Wuxu weixin yundong shi lunji, Hg. Hu Shengwu, Changsha 1983. –
  20. Tang Zhijun, Kang Youwei yu wuxu bianfa, Peking 1984. – Ders., Wuxu bianfa shi, Peking 1984. –
  21. Chang Hao, Chinese Intellectuals in Crisis. Search for Order and Meaning (1890–1911), Berkeley 1987.

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