Dalam mitologi Yunani, Cabeiri atau Cabiri /kəbr/ (bahasa Yunani Kuno: Κάβειροι, Kábeiroi), juga ditransliterasikan menjadi Kabiri /kəˈbɪər/,[1] adalah sekelompok dewa-dewi khthonik misterius. Mereka disembah dalam kultus misteri yang sangat berkaitan dengan Hephaestus, yang terpusat di utara kepulauan Aegea Lemnos dan mungkin Samotrakia—di kompleks kuil Samotrakia—dan di Thebes.[2]

Agamemnon, Talthybius dan Epeius, relief dari Samotrakia, sekitar 560 SM, Louvre

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Kabiri is the transliteration used in John Raffan's translation of Walter Burkert, Greek Religion (Harvard University Press, 1985), and in most academic discourse.
  2. ^ *Peck, Harry Thurston (1898). "Cabeiria". Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Tufts University: Perseus Project. Diakses tanggal 2008-01-21. 

ReferensiSunting

  • Burkert, Walter (1985). Greek Religion, Sect. VI.1.3 "The Kabeiroi and Samothrace",Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-36281-0.
  • Ferguson, John (1970). The Religions of the Roman Empire (pp. 122–123). London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-8014-9311-0.
  • Hammond, N.G.L. & Scullard, H.H. (Eds.) (1970). The Oxford Classical Dictionary (p. 186). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-869117-3.
  • Kerenyi, Karl (1951). Gods of the Greeks. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-27048-1.
  • Bernard Evslin. Gods, Demigods and Demons: A Handbook of Greek Mythology. ISBN 978-1-84511-321-6.
  • The Odd Fellows Improved Manual, A.B Grosh 1871 p. 91
  • Richard Noll, Mysteria: Jung and the Ancient Mysteries (unpublished page proofs, 1994) [1]
  • Albert Schachter, “Evolutions of a Mystery Cult: The Theban Kabiroi”, in Greek Mysteries: The Archaeology and Ritual of Ancient Greek Secret Cults, ed. Michael B. Cosmopoulos. London–NY: Routledge, 2003, pp. 112–142. ISBN 0-415-24873-6.