Pembubaran Uni Soviet: Perbedaan revisi

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{{Infobox historical event
|Event_Name = Dissolution of the Soviet Union |AKA =
|Image_Name = 1991 coup attempt1.jpg
|Imagesize = 220px
|Image_Alt = Tanks in Red Square during 1991 Soviet coup d'etat attempt
|Image_Caption = {{longitem|Tanks at [[Red Square]] during the [[1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt]]}} |Thumb_Time =
|Participants = {{unbulleted list |People of the Soviet Union |[[Government of the Soviet Union|Federal government]] |[[Republics of the Soviet Union|Republican]] governments |[[Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union|Autonomous SSRs]]}}
|Location = [[Soviet Union]]
|Date = {{nowrap|March 11, 1985&nbsp;– December 25, 1991 {{longitem|style=font-size:90%;|{{raise|0.5em |({{Age in years, months, weeks and days|month1=3|day1=11|year1=1985|month2=12|day2=26|year2=1991}}){{lower|0.15em|<ref name="ReferenceC">{{ru icon}} [[:s:ru:Декларация Совета Республик ВС СССР от December 26, 1991 № 142-Н|Declaration № 142-Н]] of the [[Soviet of Nationalities|Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union]], formally establishing the dissolution of the Soviet Union as a state and subject of international law.</ref>}} }}}} }}
|Result = {{longitem|Dissolution of the Soviet Union into [[Post-Soviet states|independent republics]]}}
|URL =
[[File:USSR Republics Numbered Alphabetically.png|330px|thumb|right|[[Post-Soviet states]] {{smaller|(alphabetical order)}} {{columns |colwidth=10em |colstyle=white-space:nowrap; |col1={{unbulleted list |1. [[Armenia]] |2. [[Azerbaijan]] |3. [[Belarus]] |4. [[Estonia]]}} |col2={{unbulleted list |5. [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]] |6. [[Kazakhstan]] |7. [[Kyrgyzstan]] |8. [[Latvia]]}} |col3={{unbulleted list|9. [[Lithuania]] |10. [[Moldova]] |11. [[Russia]] |12. [[Tajikistan]]}} |col4width=12em |col4={{unbulleted list|13. [[Turkmenistan]] |14. [[Ukraine]] |15. [[Uzbekistan]]}} }} ]]
The '''dissolution of the [[Soviet Union]]''' was formally enacted on December 26, 1991, as a result of the declaration no. 142-[[Н]] of the [[Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union]],<ref name="ReferenceC"/> acknowledging the independence of the erstwhile Soviet republics and creating the [[Commonwealth of Independent States]] (CIS) – although five of the signatories ratified it much later or not at all. On the previous day, Soviet President [[Mikhail Gorbachev]], the eighth and last [[leader of the Soviet Union]], resigned, declared his office extinct, and handed over its powers – including control of the [[Cheget|Soviet nuclear missile launching codes]] – to [[President of Russia|Russian President]] [[Boris Yeltsin]]. That evening at 7:32&nbsp;p.m., the [[Soviet flag]] was lowered from the Kremlin for the last time and replaced with the pre-revolutionary [[Flag of Russia|Russian Flag]].
Previously, from August to December, all the individual republics, including Russia itself, had seceded from the union. The week before the union's formal dissolution, 11 republics – all except the [[Baltic states]] and [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]] – signed the [[Alma-Ata Protocol]] formally establishing the CIS and declaring that the Soviet Union had ceased to exist.<ref>{{cite news|author=|url= |title=The End of the Soviet Union; Text of Declaration: 'Mutual Recognition' and 'an Equal Basis' |work= New York Times |date=December 22, 1991 |accessdate=March 30, 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url= |title=Gorbachev, Last Soviet Leader, Resigns; U.S. Recognizes Republics' Independence |work= New York Times |accessdate=March 30, 2013}}</ref> The '''dissolution of the Soviet Union''' ({{lang-ru|Распад СССР}}) also signaled the end of the [[Cold War]]. The [[Revolutions of 1989]] and the end of the Soviet Union led to the end of decades-long hostility between [[NATO|North Atlantic Treaty Organisation]] (NATO) and the [[Warsaw Pact]], the defining feature of the [[Cold War]].
Several of the more authoritarian [[Post-Soviet states|former Soviet republics]] have retained close links with [[Russia]] and formed multilateral organizations such as the [[Eurasian Economic Community]], the [[Union State]], the [[Eurasian Customs Union]], and the [[Eurasian Economic Union]] to enhance economic and security cooperation. Several of the more democratic [[Post-Soviet states|former Soviet republics]] have joined [[NATO]] and the [[European Union]] or aspire to do so, to enhance their security and economic cooperation.
Berikut ini adalah sejarah [[Uni Soviet]] hingga [[pembubaran Uni Soviet|pembubarannya]] pada bulan [[Desember]] [[1991]].
* {{en}} Ronald Grigor Suny, ''The Revenge of the Past: Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet Union'', Stanford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-8047-2247-1
{{Communist Eastern Europe}}
== Referensi ==
[[Kategori:Sejarah Uni Soviet dan Soviet Rusia]]