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{{Main|Pembacaan Taurat}}
[[Pembacaan Taurat ]] ({{Hebrew Name 1|קריאת התורה|K'riat HaTorah|"Pembacaan Taurat"}}) merupakan ritual agamawi Yahudi yang melibatkan pembacaan di depan umum suatu nas dari [[Sefer Torah|Gulungan Taurat (''Sefer Torah'')]]. Istilah ini sering merujuk kepada seluruh upacara mulai dari mengeluarkan gulungan Taurat dari tempat (tabut) penyimpanannya, menyanyikan lagu yang sesuai dengan kantilasi khusus, sampai pengembalian gulungan itu ke dalam tabut. Ini berbeda dengan studi Taurat secara akademik.
 
Pembacaan umum Taurat diperkenalkan oleh [[Ezra]], sang jurutulis itu, setelah orang Yahudi kembali dari [[pembuangan ke Babel]] (~ 537 SM), sebagaimana dicatat dalam [[Kitab Nehemia]].<ref>[[Nehemia 8|Kitab Nehemia pasal 8]]</ref> Dalam zaman modern, penganut [[YudasimeYudaisme Ortodoks]] melakukan pembacaan Taurat menurut suatu prosedur yang mereka yakini tidak berubah sejak 2000 tahun lalu, yaitu pada waktu [[Bait Kedua|Bait Allah kedua]] di [[Yerusalem]] dihancurkan oleh tentara Romawi pada tahun 70 M. Pada abad ke-19 dan ke-20, gerakan-gerakan baru seperti [[Yudaisme Reform]] dan [[Yudaisme Konservatif]] melakukan adaptasi praktik pembacaan Taurat, tetapi pola dasar pembacaan Taurat biasanya tetap sama.
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As a part of the morning or afternoon prayer services on certain days of the week or holidays, a section of the [[Pentateuch]] is read from a Torah scroll. On [[Shabbat]] (Saturday) mornings, a weekly section ("''[[parasha]]''") is read, selected so that the entire Pentateuch is read consecutively each year.<ref>The division of ''parashot'' found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in [[Mishneh Torah]], ''Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls'', chapter 8. Maimonides based his division of the ''parashot'' for the Torah on the [[Aleppo Codex]]. Though initially doubted by [[Umberto Cassuto]], this has become the established position in modern scholarship. (See the [[Aleppo Codex]] article for more information.)</ref><ref>[[Conservative Judaism|Conservative]] and [[Reform Judaism|Reform]] synagogues may read ''parashot'' on a triennial rather than annual schedule, [http://www.uscj.org/The_Authentic_Trienn7085.html ''The Authentic Triennial Cycle: A Better Way to Read Torah?''], [http://urj.org/worship/letuslearn/s7bechol/]{{dead link|date=September 2011}}</ref> On Saturday afternoons, Mondays, and Thursdays, the beginning of the following Saturday's portion is read. On [[Jewish holiday]]s, the beginnings of each month, and [[ta'anit|fast days]], special sections connected to the day are read.
Torah scrolls are often dressed with a sash, a special [[Jeanette Kuvin Oren|Torah cover]], various ornaments and a Keter (crown), although such customs vary among synagogues.
Congregants traditionally stand when the Torah is brought out of the ark to be read (although they sit during the reading itself.)
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=== Hukum Alkitabiah ===
<!--{{See also|Biblical law}}-->
 
Taurat membuat cerita-cerita, pernyataan-pernyataan hukum dan pernyataan-pernyataan etika. Secara keseluruhan hukum-hukum ini biasanya disebut "hukum alkitabiah" (''biblical law'') atau "perintah-perintah" (''commandments'') juga dikenal sebagai '''Hukum Musa''' (''Law of Moses'' atau '''Mosaic Law'''; ''Torat Moshe'', {{hebrew|תּוֹרַת־מֹשֶׁה}}). Musa menerima seluruh hukum Allah ini di atas [[gunung Sinai]]. Hukum-hukum ini merupakan bagian pertama Taurat yang diterimanya.
===Biblical law===
{{See also|Biblical law}}
 
== Taurat lisan dalam Yudaisme ==
The Torah contains narratives, statements of law, and statements of ethics. Collectively these laws, usually called [[biblical law]] or commandments, are sometimes referred to as the '''Law of Moses''' (''Torat Moshe'' {{hebrew|תּוֹרַת־מֹשֶׁה}}), or '''Mosaic Law'''. Moses received all the laws of God on Mount Sinai. These laws were the first part of the Torah.
{{See also|OralTaurat Torahlisan}}
 
RabbinicTradisi traditionrabbinik holdsmenyatakan thatbahwa theTaurat writtentertulis Torahdisampaikan wasbersama-sama transmitteddengan intradisi parallellisan. withDi themana [[oralTaurat tradition]].membiarkan Wherekata-kata theatau Torah leaves wordskonsep andtanpa conceptsdefinisi undefinedjelas, anddan mentionsmenyebutkan procedurestatacara withouttanpa explanationpenjelasan oratau instructionsinstruksi, thepembaca readerperlu ismencari requireddetail toyang seekhilang outdari thesumber-sumber missingsuplemental detailsyang fromdikenal supplementalsebagai sources"hukum knownlisan" asatau the"Taurat oral law or oral Torahlisan".<ref>[http://jewishinspiration.com/tape.php?tape_id=33 Rietti, Rabbi Jonathan. The Oral Law: The Heart of The Torah]</ref> <!--Some of the Torah's most prominent commandments needing further explanation are:
==The Torah and Judaism's oral law==
{{See also|Oral Torah}}
 
Rabbinic tradition holds that the written Torah was transmitted in parallel with the [[oral tradition]]. Where the Torah leaves words and concepts undefined, and mentions procedures without explanation or instructions, the reader is required to seek out the missing details from supplemental sources known as the oral law or oral Torah.<ref>[http://jewishinspiration.com/tape.php?tape_id=33 Rietti, Rabbi Jonathan. The Oral Law: The Heart of The Torah]</ref> Some of the Torah's most prominent commandments needing further explanation are:
 
*[[Tefillin]]: As indicated in Deuteronomy 6:8 among other places, tefillin are to be placed on the arm and on the head between the eyes. However, there are no details provided regarding what tefillin are or how they are to be constructed.
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