Summorum Pontificum: Perbedaan revisi

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[[FileBerkas:BXVI CoA like gfx PioM.svg|thumb|160px|right|Lambang Kepausan [[Paus Benediktus XVI]].]]
'''''Summorum Pontificum''''' ([[bahasa Latin]]: Dari Imam Tertinggi) adalah sebuah surat apostolik dari [[Paus Benediktus XVI]], dikeluarkan sebagai "[[motu proprio]]" (yaitu dengan inisiatifnya sendiri). Dokumen ini memperinci aturan-aturan, untuk Ritus Latin [[Gereja Katolik]], untuk merayakan misa menurut "[[Missale Romanum|tata cara misa]] yang dirancang oleh [[Paus Yohanes XXIII]] dipada tahun 1962" (bentuk yang dikenal sebagai [[Misa Tridentin]]), dan untuk melayani berbagai [[Sakramen (Katolik)|sakramen]] dalam bentuk lama sebelum adanya perubahan liturgis menyusul adanya [[Konsili Vatikan Kedua]].
 
Dokumen ini,<ref>[http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/motu_proprio/documents/hf_ben-xvi_motu-proprio_20070707_summorum-pontificum_lt.html text on the Holy See's website;] published officially in ''[[Acta Apostolicae Sedis]]'' XCIX (2007), 777-781 available also with [http://www.sanctamissa.org/en/resources/summorum-pontificum.html an English translation in a parallel column.]</ref> tertanggal 7 Juli 2007 dan dijalankan semenjak tanggal 14 September 2007, dikeluarkan bersama dengan sepucuk surat dimana [[Paus Benediktus XVI]] menjelaskan alasan-alasannya untuk menerbitkan dokumen ini.<ref>[http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2007/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20070707_lettera-vescovi_en.html English text on website of the Holy See]</ref>
 
Dokumen ini menggantikan [[motu proprio]] ''[[Ecclesia Dei]]'' tahun 1988, yang memperbolehkan para uskup secara pribadi untuk mendirikan tenpat-tempat dimana misa bisa dirayakan menggunakan tata cara tahun 1962. Dokumen ini memberikan kebebasan yang lebih besar untuk menggunakan liturgi Tridentin dalam bentuk tahun 1962-nya, dengan menyatakan bahwa semua imam bolah secara bebas merayakan misa sesuai tata cara tahun 1962 secara pribadi, tanpa harus meminta ijin dari pihak manapun. Dokumen ini juga menyatakan bahwa para imam (imam paroki) dan rektor gereja harus mau menerima permintaan dari kelompok-kelompok umat tertentu yang mengikuti tradisi liturgis yang lama ("ubi coetus fidelium traditioni liturgicae antecedenti adhaerentium continenter exsistit" - Artikel 5) untuk mengijinkan seorang imam yang memenuhi syarat untuk merayakan misa bagi mereka menggunakan tata cara misa tahun 1962, dan harus "memastikan bahwa kesejahteraan para umat ini selaras dengan layanan pastoral paroki pada umumnya, di bawah bimbingan Uskup".
Benedict cited "interior reconciliation in the heart of the Church" as a "positive reason" for the ''motu proprio''. [[Traditionalist Catholic|Traditionalist groups]], such as the [[Society of St. Pius X]], whose founder [[Marcel Lefebvre|Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre]] was [[Excommunication|excommunicated]] in 1988 following the [[Ecône Consecrations]],<ref>Holy See. [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/motu_proprio/documents/hf_jp-ii_motu-proprio_02071988_ecclesia-dei_en.html ''Ecclesia Dei''] July 2, 1988</ref> set permission to use the Tridentine Mass as a preliminary condition for engaging in any [[Doctrine|doctrinal]] [[dialogue]] with the Holy See.<ref>DICI. [http://www.dici.org/actualite_read.php?id=795&loc=US The stages of the dialogue between Rome and the SSPX] 4 January 2006</ref>
 
Benedict, who himself led discussions with the SSPX during his tenure as [[Prefect]] of the [[Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith]], gave as a reason for making the effort represented by his motu proprio the regretted fact that, "over the centuries ... at critical moments when divisions were coming about, not enough was done by the Church's leaders to maintain or regain reconciliation and unity" and "omissions on the part of the Church have had their share of blame for the fact that these divisions were able to harden." But he pointed out, in the same cover letter, that, "needless to say, in order to experience full communion, the priests of [[communities using the Tridentine Mass|the communities adhering to the former usage]] cannot, as a matter of principle, exclude celebrating according to the new books. The total exclusion of the new rite would not in fact be consistent with the recognition of its value and holiness." Thus, while opening the door to the Tridentine Mass, the Pope expects the SSPX to acknowledge the legitimacy of the [[Mass of Paul VI]]. SSPX Superior General, Bishop [[Bernard Fellay|Fellay]] wrote, "The letter which accompanies the Motu Proprio does not hide however the difficulties that still remain." Fellay then stated that the Society is eager "after the decree of excommunication which still affects its bishops has been withdrawn&mdash;towithdrawn—to consider more serenely the disputed doctrinal issues."<ref>[http://www.summorumpontificum.net/2007/07/press-release-from-general-superior-of.html Press Release from the Superior General of the SSPX.]</ref>
 
After saying in his letter to bishops, with which he accompanied the motu proprio, that "in the movement led by Archbishop Lefebvre, fidelity to the old Missal became an external mark of identity", Pope Benedict added: "The reasons for the break which arose over this, however, were at a deeper level."
===Conditions for use of the 1962 Missal===
The conditions for the use of the 1962 Missal previously in force are replaced by the following:
* '''In Masses celebrated without the people''', each Catholic priest of the [[Latin Rite|Latin rite]], whether secular or religious, may use the Roman Missal published by Bl. Pope John XXIII in 1962, or the Roman Missal promulgated by Pope Paul VI in 1970, and may do so on any day with the exception of the Easter Triduum (when private Masses are not allowed). For such celebrations, with either one Missal or the other, the priest has no need for permission from the Apostolic See or from his Ordinary. Celebrations of Mass as mentioned above may&mdash;observingmay—observing all the norms of law&mdash;alsolaw—also be attended by faithful who, of their own free will, ask to be admitted. (Articles 2 and 4)
 
* '''In parishes''', where there is a stable group of faithful who adhere to the earlier liturgical tradition, the pastor should willingly accept their requests to celebrate the Mass according to the rite of the Roman Missal published in 1962, and ensure that the welfare of these faithful harmonises with the ordinary pastoral care of the parish, under the guidance of the bishop in accordance with canon 392, avoiding discord and favouring the unity of the whole Church. In churches that are not parish or conventual churches, it is the duty of the Rector of the church to grant this permission. (Article 5 §1 and §5)
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== Referensi ==
{{reflist|2}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
{{Commons|Tridentine mass}}
 
=== Dokumen resmi ===
* {{la icon}} [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/motu_proprio/documents/hf_ben-xvi_motu-proprio_20070707_summorum-pontificum_lt.html ''Summorum Pontificum'']
* {{la icon}}{{en}} [http://www.sanctamissa.org/EN/resources/summorum-pontificum.html ''Summorum Pontificum'']
* {{la icon}}{{en}} [http://www.u.arizona.edu/~aversa/scholastic/universae_ecclesiae.html ''Universae Ecclesiae'']: Instruction of [[Ecclesia Dei]] on ''Summorum Pontificum''
 
=== Tanggapan dari Organisasi Katolik Tradisional ===
* [http://www.summorumpontificum.net/2007/07/press-release-from-general-superior-of.html Press Release from the Superior General of the SSPX]
* [http://www.fssp.com/main/news.htm News from the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter]
* [http://www.institute-christ-king.org/documents/PRMotuProprio.pdf Press Release from the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest]
 
=== Komentar ===
* [http://www.usccb.org/liturgy/bclnewsletterjune07.pdf Twenty Questions on the Apostolic Letter Summorum Pontificum] United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
* [http://www.adoremus.org/0907NovaEtVetera.html Nova et Vetera]
* [http://jimmyakin.typepad.com/defensor_fidei/2007/07/commentary-on-s.html/ Commentary on the text of the document] by [[Jimmy Akin]]
* {{it}} [http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=D43F0F2EE37D5183&playnext=1 Il Summorum Pontificum, un anno dopo]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=eOMJIQAACAAJ&dq=Woods+%22Sacred+then+and+sacred+now%22&hl=en&ei=40PRTeTfM8PAhAf0pqD3DA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA Woods, Thomas E., ''Sacred Then and Sacred Now: The Return of the Old Latin Mass'' (Roman Catholic Books 2008 ISBN 9780979354021978-0-9793540-2-1)]
* [http://lccn.loc.gov/2010927113 Aillet, Marc, ''The old Mass and the new : explaining the motu proprio Summorum Pontificum of Pope Benedict XVI'' (Ignatius Press 2010 ISBN 9781586173623978-1-58617-362-3)]
 
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